ON BEING MUSTERED OUT OF THE ARMY
When your life's weary toiling is over,
You will see with a time-mellowed clearness,
The hard-ships that seemed never-ending,
The goal is not won by the weaklings,
R. L. V., S.S.U., 56S.
In the official list of American Aviators, containing sixty-three names, who have shot down five or more German planes, published in the Army and Navy Register of January 18, 1919, the following old Field Service men are included:
|1st. Lieut.||Thomas G. Cassady||(S.S.U. 53)||
||Harvey Cook||(S.S.U. 16)||
||E. P. Curtis||(S.S.U. 15)||
||Sumner Sewall||(S.S.U. 8)||
||James D. Beane (missing)||(S.S.U. 9)||
|Captain||H. R, Buckler||(T.M.U. 526)||
Proposition for Old Section 1's second Citation to the Order of the Army.
(If this proposition is confirmed the section will receive the fourragère).
Copie de proposition de citation à la 10e Armée.
Le 3 Nov. 1918.
Le Médecin principal de 2 classe Destrez, chef de la 69e Division, a proposé de citer à l'ordre de l'Armée la S.S.U. 625 dans les termes suivants:
Le personnel de la Section Sanitaire Américaine 625, personnel d'élite, composé en grande partie de volontaires, sous le commandement du lieutenant américain Stevenson et du sous-lieutenant français Reymond s'est fait remarquer depuis son arrivée au front (sept. 1914), par son entrain, son courage, son mépris absolu du danger, et plus particulièrement pendant la dernière offensive allemande et la contre-offensive française.
Dans les combats au Nord de Compiègne en juin 1918 et autour de Soissons, du 18 juillet an 4 septembre 1918, il a fait preuve d'une bravoure et d'un dévouement au-dessus de tout éloge. Malgré les nappes de gaz, malgré un bombardement intense, malgré l'absence d'un certain nombre de conducteurs (effective de 30 hommes sur lesquels 8 blessés et 6 intoxiqués dont plusieurs ont refusé de s'arrêter), il a assuré d'une façon parfaite les évacuations de jour et de nuit. Lors du passage de l'Aisne (août 1918), a traversé la rivière dès le premier pont lancé pour aller aux postes de secours avancés et hâter le transport des blessés à l'arrière, malgré l'activité des mitrailleuses ennemies, les officiers remplaçant au volant les hommes de la section indisponibles ou évacués.
Le Médecin Principal de 2e classe DESTREZ,
Médecin Divisionnaire de la 69e Division.
La 69e D. I. étant dissoute avant le retour de la proposition, le Médecin Divisionnaire se fait un plaisir d'adresser cette copie au lieutenant Stevenson, comme témoignage de satisfaction pour les services rendus par la S. S. U. 625 depuis qu'elle est sous sa direction.
The following citations have been received in this Section:
Section Citation by Order of the Division : ---
"Dédaignant le danger, sans souci de la fatigue, a poursuivi sans arrêt, trois jours durant (23, 24, 25 août 1918) l'évacuation des blessés à travers des zones violemment bombardées. a été superbe d'entrain, de dévouement, de volonté tenace".
Pvt. 1 cl. George R. Fearing 3d. (now in Section 611), Corps d'Armée citation as follows:---
"Conducteur très brave et très courageux. Chargé de transporter des blessés à travers une zone bombardée, a été blessé en accomplissant sa mission. A voulu continuer à conduire lui-même sa voiture, après s'être fait panser sommairement.
Pvt Philip Shelley, Regimental citation as follows: ---
"N'a cessé depuis novembre 1917, de faire preuve d'un inlassable dévouement. Très bon esprit, très courageux, du 21 au 29 août 1918, a assuré les évacuations de blessés avec beaucoup de sang-froid, malgré la fatigue et la violence du bombardement ennemi."
February 1st. 1919.
1. The following citations have been received by this Section (old S.S. U. after their approval by the American Headquarters
SECTION SANITAIRE AMÉRICAINE 644:
"Pendant les combats du 28 août, au 13 septembre 1918, sous le commandement du Lieutenant Gwynn (William), les conducteurs de la Section sanitaire américaine 644 ont assuré l'évacuation des blessés dans des conditions parfaites, faisant preuve d'un dévouement, d'une endurance et d'un mépris du danger tout à fait remarquable."
GWYNN, William M. 1st Lieut., Cmdt. de la S.S.U. 644 (formerly S. S. U. 8):
"Officier américain; courageux et plein de sang-froid ; a assuré avec sa Section sanitaire Américaine d'une façon parfaite l'évacuation des blessés pendant l'offensive anglo-française du 8 au 12 août 1918."
DEVORE, Weber G., Pvt 1 cl. (formerly S.S.U. 32):
"S'est maintes fois signalé pour son mépris du danger à Verdun (octobre 1917) et particulièrement pendant l'offensive anglo-française du 8 au 12 août 1918."
MUNGAN, John J., Pvt 1 cl. (formerly S.S.U. 32):
"Conducteur courageux et toujours volontaire. S'est signalé tant à Verdun (octobre 1917) que pendant l'offensive anglo-française du 8 au 12 août 1918."
NORTON, Kenneth B., Pvt. 1 cl. (formerly S.S.U. 32):
"Conducteur très dévoué, d'une belle conduite au feu. S'est particulièrement signalé les 28 et 19 août 1918, en dirigeant les évacuations des blessés sous un violent bombardement."
WEEKS, Edward A. jr., Pvt. 1 cl. (formerly S.S.U. 32):
"Conducteur très dévoué. S'est particulièrement distingué par son sang-froid pendant la journée du 30 août 1918, en assurant l'évacuation des blessés sous de violents bombardements."
BARRETT, Gurnee H. Sgt. 1 cl. (formerly S.S.U. 32):
"Sous-officier des plus méritants. A toujours fait preuve de grand dévouement. S'est particulièrement distingué en dirigeant l'évacuation des blessés pendant les combats du 28 août au 10 septembre 1918 ".
FULLINGTON, James F. Corporal (formerly S.S.U. 32):
"Des plus méritants. A toujours fait preuve du plus grand dévouement. S'est particulièrement distingué en dirigeant l'évacuation des blessés pendant les combats du 26 octobre et du 4 au 11 novembre 1918."
LYONS, Joseph H. Pvt. 1 cl. (formerly S.S.U. 32):
"Conducteur plein de sang-froid et de dévouement. Pendant les combats du 2 octobre et du 4 novembre 1918, a assuré l'évacuation des blessés en faisant preuve d'un mépris complet du danger."
LEONARD, Charles C. Pvt, 1 cl. (Formerly S.S.U. 32):
"Conducteur dévoué, modeste et courageux, a accompli son service dans des conditions particulièrement pénibles pendant l'offensive Anglo-Française du 8 au 12 août 1918."
KNISELY, George F. jr. Mechanic (formerly S.S.U. 32)
"S'est distingué par son sang-froid et son courage en réparant de jour et de nuit pendant l'offensive Anglo-Française sur les routes bombardées les voitures sanitaires de la section Américaine 644."
BRICKLEY, Arthur J. (Deceased) (formerly S.S.U. 32).
WALLACE, Robert A. jr. Pvt. (formerly S.S.U. 32).
SALINGER, Richard B. Pvt. 1 cl. (formerly S.S.U. 32):
"Conducteur très dévoué. Pendant les combats du 28 août au 10 septembre, a assuré dans de bonnes conditions l'évacuation des blessés sur des routes violemment battues par l'artillerie ennemie."
LUQUEER, John T. Pvt 1 cl. (formerly S.S.U. 32).
SCHWEINLER, Carl L. Pvt. i cl, (formerly S.S.U. 32):
"Pendant les combats du 29 août au 8 septembre 1918, a mérité l'admiration du régiment par sa bravoure constante et gaie et son absolu dévouement. A transporté rapidement sous le bombardement ennemi les blessés. S'est attiré la juste reconnaissance de ceux dont il avait pu ainsi diminuer les souffrances, souvent au péril de sa vie."
STANDING, Alec G. Sgt. (formerly S.S.U. 32)"
"Sous-officier énergique, brave et animé d'une conscience au-dessus de tout éloge. A organisé d'une façon particulièrement remarquable l'évacuation par autos sanitaires, de nombreux blessés du 2e Régiment de Tirailleurs de marche au cours des opérations militaires devant Noyon, malgré les difficultés des chemins et la violence du bombardement."
SCHLOSS, Malcolm B. Pvt. 1 cl. (formerly S.S.U. 32):
"S'est constamment signalé à l'admiration de tous au cours des combats auxquels il a pris part le 2e Régiment de Tirailleurs de marche, par son calme, son mépris du danger et son empressement à assurer le transport de blessés. Le 29 août 1918, malgré la violence du tir de l'artillerie et des mitrailleuses ennemies, s'est courageusement porté aux lisières de la ville de Noyon non encore complètement reconquise, pour assurer plus rapidement le transport des blessés grièvement atteints qui y étaient signalés."
CLAPP, John S. Pvt. 1 cl. (S.S.U. 32):
"S'est maintes fois signalé par son mépris du danger. Chef de poste pendant les combats du 26 octobre au 11 novembre 1918, a assuré d'une façon parfaite l'évacuation des blessés."
REASER, Robert A. Pvt. 1 cl. (S.S.U. 32):
"Conducteur très dévoué, toujours volontaire, d'un courage calme et réfléchi, a provoqué l'admiration de tous ses camarades par son mépris du danger, s'est de nouveau signalé pendant les attaques du 26 octobre au 11 novembre 1918."
BAUM, George L. Pvt. 1 cl. (S.S.U. 32):
"A la Section Américaine depuis le 3 novembre 1917, a toujours fait preuve d'un grand sang-froid ; s'est maintes fois signalé par son mépris du danger et s'est particulièrement distingue pendant les attaques du 26 octobre au 11 novembre 1918."
Lieut. William H. Taylor of the 95th Aero Squadron of the U.S. Air Service met his death in a single aerial combat with three Fokker planes at Lake Etang de Lachaussir, near St. Mihiel on September 18th, 1918. Lieut. Taylor who had not reached his twentieth birthday had been in the war for nearly a year and a half. He sailed for France April 27, 1917 as a member of the Phillips Academy, Andover, ambulance unit, of the American Field Service and upon arrival at Paris answered the call for volunteers to serve in the Mallet Reserve (T.M.U. 526), in which corps he was appointed Sous-Chef on May 20th, At the completion of his term of enlistment he received his discharge from the American Field service, and the next day, August 28th, 1917, he joined the American aviation corps. In Oct. he was commissioned pilot, and on November 29th advanced to first lieutenant. In February, 1918, he was appointed an official tester and left for the front the same month with the first aviation chasse to represent the United States. The next month saw him a flight commander.
Notification has been received that the American Distinguished Service Cross has been passed upon by the General Staff, and the French Croix de Guerre was granted by the Sixth French Army.
We have made a terrible seven days journey over the road into the centre of Belgium and from here we take the train to Germany. I felt like Napoleon retreating from Moscow as I sat on my horse in a blizzard of snow, plodding mile after mile over the wrecked and shell-torn plains of the Yser. It is a terrible sector, even worse than Verdun, and many poor chaps lie about still unburied. At night we slept in snowy dug-outs and I can tell you it was mighty cold. But it was an interesting trip just the same and one I'm glad I didn't miss. We make forty kilometres a day on horse, and so get a good chance to see the country.
No one speaks French here so I'm trying to learn Flemish but it is a difficult task. Still we manage to make ourselves understood and you'd be surprised to see the quantities of butter, eggs, milk and potatoes we buy from the farmers at prices twice as reasonable as in France. The stores sell delicious cakes and cookies, and one can even buy American cigarettes, although I don't know where they came from. Talk about "starving Belgium", I'm living like a king here, in a comfortable old farm house.
We had little excitement while crossing the Yser with pirates. They are a band of renegades who prey on the deserted villages stealing what ever they can. Unfortunately they did pretty well for they shot and killed some of the troops and stole three of our horses. They also managed to hold up our ravitaillement train and got a quantity of sugar and coffee. But outside of this everything has been quiet.
I leave on permission the 13th of February and am looking forward to twenty glorious days at good old rue Raynouard.
J. C. Jr.
43e Regt. Artillerie, 2e Batterie, S. P. 93.
S.S.U. 67, S.P. 213.
We are still at Gross Gerau and it seems will be here for at least a month more. Happily I am fairly busy so that time does not hang too heavily on my hands. In my spare moments also I am working on French for one can never tell what the future holds and it may be my lot to be able to put to good use what little proficiency I will have acquired in this language.
Doubtless you know the Rhine country, so you will be able to imagine my pleasure in having the opportunity the other day to go by auto all the way from where we are now to Nassau which is the next town above Ems. It was marvellous as regards scenery. You go straight from Mainz to Bingen where is to be found the famous Mouse Tower. From there the road follows the winding course of the Rhine to Coblenz. Then across the river, turn to your right and along the Rhine again until you turn to your left to follow the windings of the turbulent Salm which cuts its ways through a gorge of buttressed hills.
On passing through Ems we found that a regiment of Algerians were quartered in the same batiment which the Emperor of Germany occupied at the beginning of the war of 1870. How that statement "The French will never cross the Rhine" has been proven false. We stayed at Nassau over night and started for home at seven in the morning on an exceptionally fine day for this time of the year. On approaching the valley of the Rhine again, we could see far ahead of us this mountain, crowned with a wonderful old ruin, seeming to close exit from the gorge of the Salm. Imagine the splendor of the scene for just as we approached the junction of the rivers, the sun rose above the hills, bathing everything with a soft golden light. I can't approximate in words the true beauty of the picture.
Our fourteen croix de guerre have at last arrived, being awarded for action which took place last summer, and have only just come. However, it has meant something to talk about and has immensely cheered the section up. Inaction such as this is very trying to full-blooded Americans and in my opinion the sooner we are mustered out the better it will be all around.
American Field Service,
Dear Friends: --
Am now back in civil life. Gee, but these kind of clothes do not feel good, at all. Sure wish now that I had stayed with old S.S.U. 13 (631). If I had, I would still be in France with the fellows. Yes, I received a commission (2nd. Lieut.) on the 6th of October, but believe me I would rather be a private in S.S.U. 13 than have my "com".
Just remember me to all the fellows of 13 and tell Ted Storer to stay away from Paris. Each Bulletin I receive I see where he was in Paris. Also glad to see Mike Hunt (of 13) got this "com". How is Louis Timson? Is he out of the hospital? What is "Pop" Lawrence and his son "Fulcher" doing, writing as much as ever?
Sure would love to see all of the fellows and when they get back to the States, remember I am with the B. and O.R.R. as Chief Motor Inspector, between Philadelphie and Grafton, W. Va. and if any of old 13 gets to Grafton they sure will receive a warm welcome at my home (or rather our home, for it is Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Phillips.)
Remembrance to all of old 13.
Lieut. A. C. Phillips, Tank Corps.
Will you please place my name on the list to receive the Field Service Bulletin every week? Its the best and only way of keeping track of old pals of the Reserve Mallet; and besides there are always so many interesting and amusing articles about the old organization.
Sgt L. S. Stude (M.T.C. 184).
Edward Lyman Bill, an old Ambulancier (S.S.U. 4) and my co-aspie in the regiment, fell off a horse a few days ago and broke his leg, not badly however. He had mounted without saddle, bridle or any of the usual accessories, his Captain laid on the whip and horsie departed at a gallop, Bill departing from his back shortly thereafter, and he is now in a military hospital at Wiesbaden. At the next reunion of the "Horizon Blues" at "21" they may be interested in this bit of gossip.
Aspt. E.M. Gildea,
6° Batterie, 27° R.A.C., S.P. 137.
330e R. A. L. 2e Groupe, 4e Batterie, S.P. 215.
Here I am again with my regiment, after several long and tiresome days of traveling. I left Paris Sunday night for Metz and arrived here at mid-night Thursday, so you can imagine what a slow journey I had. The trains seemed to have been in a terrible mix-nip every where.
I got along very nicely until I reached Bar-le-Duc; there I learned that there were wrecks on four sides of us, and that one of them was on the Nancy-Metz line, so of course my journey was at somewhat of an abrupt end. In desperation and disgust I took a slow train, which came by later on in the night, for Neuf-Château. It was then nearly mid-night, so I was rather snoozy. Tho the "blooming" train hadn't a spark of heat in it, I soon buried my troubles in a heavy doze. When I awoke the next morning instead of gazing upon Neuf-Château, as I had expected, I found upon a short investigation that we were on a sidetrack, just 20 kilos, from where we started. Well, that was too much after such a chilly night of dreams, so an American Lieutenant and I took our baggage in hand, kissed the old train good-bye, and struck out to roost on the highway until some sort of an auto came by. Fortunately we didn't have long to wait, as a big camion came to our rescue, and we were soon in Neuf-Château. I am quite sure that that train has not reached there yet.
At Neuf-Château we got a good "feed" and warming up. I then went down to the station to inquire about a train for Toul or Nancy, and you should have seen the expression on the man's face when I asked when it would arrive. He simply laughed and said : "In a couple of days --- perhaps?" --- I knew there was more truth than poetry to that so off we set again, like two lost tramps for some cross-roads where we could waylay an auto. After stopping several hundred, we piled into a breezy camion that was going as far as Colombey-les-Belles. We arrived there half-frozen, and squatted on another cross-roads to get one for Toul. As we had only 9 kilos. to do now our luck changed a little and we crowded into a Limousine with an American officer.
That night they informed us at the Toul station that there would be a special train to Metz and Coblentz in the morning at 9 A. M. sharp. To make a long story short, the train pulled out the next day at 4 P.M. and such a train! It was an old German train, with no heat and fewer window panes. How we did it I don't know, but we finally did reach Metz at 12 P. M. the next night, and needless to say I was a happy bird when I stepped off into that station. I found my regiment in a small- town just 6 kilos. from Metz.
A. W. O. L.
You see we had some scrappin'
Now a Dutchman pulled a blunder
I've been to Reims and Epernay.
You ask me where I'm messin'.
No! I can't find my outfit,
Now I'll be gettin' on my way,
John SPEAR (S.S.U., 638).
To Everybody and Anybody.
Because of the night which covers me,
In the fell clutch of mud and rain,
Beyond the guns, there is a post,
It matters not how long the road,
The Field Service Headquarters would be very grateful if all former members who are returning to America would notify, 21, rue Raynouard at the same time giving their permanent home address.
Mr. and Mrs. William V. Macdonald who came to "21" a year ago to take charge of the house, have just left for their home in Belmont, Massachusetts, via England. They will long be remembered for the genuine welcome extended to all Ambulanciers and those who were among the first in the Convalescent Home will always have a warm recollection of the untiring devotion and care they received from Mrs. Macdonald before there was a nurse installed there.
All who had the pleasure of their acquaintance will wish them Bonne Chance and Bon Voyage.
Duddley F. Wolfe, who, after receiving seven rejection papers and a class 5 draft card from the U.S. Army and being turned down by the Motor Transport Corps, is now with the Legion Etrangère writes "I have heard from my brother Clifford W. Wolfe (S.S.U. 14) and he is at Toul and is in the best of health". Clifford Wolfe was taken prisoner in August while serving with S.S.U. 632.
M. H. Roblee (T.M.U. 526) who was an Aspirant in French Artillery is now a réformé and being sent home to California.
Russell Davey Green (S.S.U. 68), H. W. Hailey (T.M.U. 133) and Arthur Meyer (S.S.U. 14) are leaving this week with the American Red Cross Commission to Italy and Serbia.
Hugh W. MacNair (S.S.U. 65) and Henri Werlemann (S.S.U. 8) came to rue Raynouard on January 31 st., for a short stay after the A.R.C. Military Hospital No. 1 at Neuilly was evacuated. They are now at Hospital No. 57, awaiting the arrival of the next hospital ship when they will return to the United States.
Louis P. Hall (S.S.U. 3, and Vosges Det.) has been promoted Captain U.S.F.A. He is in America, stationed at West Point, Kentucky.
Robert Clark (S.S.U. 10) has accepted a position with the Red Cross to go to Lille.
The following old Field Service Sections have reached U.S.A.A.S. Base Camp for return to America. This is part of a general demobilization movement now going on: S.S.U. 4, S.S.U. 8, S.S.U. 13, S.S.U. 17 and S.S.U 30.
Old Section 19, is the third section to be booked for a Special Section number of the Bulletin and (Old 17) Section has also, responded to the invitation, and we trust that other sections may take this opportunity under consideration. It may wherever necessary be a Farewell Number, and the Bulletins can be forwarded to the members of the section wherever they may designate.
The following old Field Service men left recently for the United States:
Charles Blackwell (S.S.U. 64).
Robert L. Buell (S.S.U. 15)
George Dock, Jr. (S.S.U. 2).
J. Dana Hutchinson (S.S.U. 30).
Robert B. Hyman (T.M.U. 242).
Edward Kane (S.S.U. 28).
The Editor of the American Field Service History desires to have the present address of John Tempest Walker, formerly-S.S.U. 71.
Ensign Kimberly Stuart, U.S. Naval Aviation, formerly of Section 4 and sous-chef and chef of Section 10, writes at the end of last month from Hotel S. Marco, Ravenna, Italy, that Edward I. Tinkham, in the same branch of the army as Ensign Stuart, is still very ill. Ensign Tinkham was member of Sections 3 and 4 and chef of the first T.M.U. No. 526, sent out from rue Raynouard in 1917.
Prof. Raymond. Weeks, formerly at Field Service Headquarters, of the French Department of Columbia University, says in a letter from New-York "The recent decoration conferred on me by the French Government --- Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur --- came as a complete surprise. It is mainly for my Ode to France, which has been read widely in public meetings."
Lieut. Sumner Sewall (S.S.U. 8) and. Capt. Harold R. Buckley (T.M.U. 526) have been awarded a war medal and diploma from the Aero Club of America.
The following cable has been received "Harvard's third semester begins on March 28th and men in Service will be admitted three weeks later. Two credits allowed, two more credits summer course".
After a careful examination of the question we have made the following arrangement with the American Express Company
(a) Men who want their baggage sent home (bound for New York only) should send to us;
1° The number of the check for their baggage;
2° The keys of the trunks and suit cases (for customs and examination);
3° A certificate stating that there are not explosives of any kind in the baggage;
4° A sum of 400 francs for freight as a deposit.
The American Express Company refuses to send baggage C. O. D.
Men should give instructions directly to the American Express Company in New York as to forwarding their baggage to their personal address.
WHEN I GET HOME
I've got a rooster on my shoulder,
When you're worried, when you fret
R. L. V., S.S.U., 68.
Wesley O. Ash (S.S.U. 12).
Ralph N. Barrett (S.S.U. 12).
William B. Bennett (S.S.U. 26).
Aspirant J.H. Chipman (T.M.U. 184).
Roger A. Curtis (S.S.U. 14).
Paul J. Corcoran (S.S.U. 30).
W. G. De Vore (S.S.U. 32).
Rowland W. Dodson (T.M.U. 184).
Lieut. Walter J. Gores (S.S.U. 18).
Russell Davey Greene (S.S.U. 68).
Clarence J. Griffin (S.S.U. 12).
Lieut. Wm. M. Gwynn (S.S.U. 8).
Sgt. Jack D. King (S.S.U. 29).
Lawrence D. Konig (S.S.U. 29).
Edw. B. Gordon (S.S.U. 14).
Sgt. Jack D. King (S.S.U..29).
John F. Kip (T.M.U. 526).
Lawrence D. Konig (S.S.U. 29).
H. W. Hailey (T.M.U. 133).
H. D. Hale (S.S.U. 3).
H. M. Hamilton (S.S.U. 69).
V. C. Neville-Thompson (T.M.U, 133)
Robert N. Norton (S.S.U. 12).
Arthur Meyer (S.S.U. 14).
John Platt, Jr. (S.S.U. 16).
M. H. Roblee (T.M.U. 526).
Gilbert N. Ross (S.S.U. 26).
F. E. Samuels (S.S.U. 12).
Lieut. J. M. Sponagle (S.S.U. 6).
Seth Talcott (S.S.U. 66).
Joseph Tineo (S.S.U. 9).
E. N. Ware (S.S.U. 13).
D. M. Wesson (S,S.U. 70).
John S. Woodbridge (S.S.U. 66).
8226 - S. P. I..- .27. RUE NICOLO - PARIS (XVIe)
Lonely roads that stretch away
Lonely clouds that fill the sky,
Lonely winds that bleakly blow
Lonely worlds that stretch away
WHEN I GROW OLD
How time slips by! A year has gone
But age will come with chilling hand,
God help those who weak in body,
Those who dream, and dreaming wonder
This is my prayer. May it be told
H. K., S.S.U. 12-3-4.
I lost my heart upon a summer's day
H. K., S.S.U. 12-3 4.
THE SONG OF THE AMBULANCE
Oh you who sprang to your country's call,
Go on, go on, delay means death!
"Have you heard the orders to-night, my boy? "
If life is a game of give and take,
G. Hinman BARRETT,
The Bulletin learns with regret of the death of Captain Charles J Freeborn on February 12 from pneumonia. Freeborn was one of the first to interest himself in the American Ambulance at Neuilly. In 1914-15 he drove Colonel Andrew's car on inspection trips to the front, and later was in command of the Paris Section at Neuilly. He was always interested in the Field Service and went to America to help raise funds in California for that purpose. On his return he joined the Field Service, and was soon after sent out as Commandant Adjoint of S. S. U. 2 where he was decorated with the Croix de Guerre. He left the Service to receive a commission as liaison officer in the U. S. Army, and served as a member of the American Military Mission at Marshal Petain's Headquarters. Captain Freeborn was a graduate of Yale University and though born in California had lived for many years in Paris. He had just returned to civil life a few weeks before his death.
We have been informed that Sgt. Randolph Rogers, formerly of Section 8 and subsequently serving in the United States Infantry, was killed by a high explosive shell on July 15th, in the second battle of the Marne. He was about 500 yards east of Connigis in a trench in the early morning when struck by a shell from the barrage that preceded the German offensive at that point. He died approximately three hours later.
Sgt. Rogers joined the American Field Service in April 1916, serving in Section 8 until July .12, 1916, when he was evacuated to the American hospital with typhoid fever. Later he enlisted in the Infantry. His home was in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He was twenty years of age.
We are rapidly reaching the last page of the last chapter. Within six weeks all of what remains of the old Field Service ambulance sections will have embarked for the voyage home. Five of the sections have already quit their post with the French army and are being deloused and examined in an American camp preparatory for the final trip. These sections are old Sections 4, 9, 13, 17 and 30.
1° Old Section 4 (now S.S.U. 627 but still known familiarly as "Section Quatre" and designated by the insignia of the Section cat) has a history covering nearly three and a half years. It left Paris for Lorraine in November 1915 and served in the Toul-Flirey sector during the winter of 1915-16 until it moved to Ippécourt in June 1916 for the great battle of Verdun. It was the first of our sections to serve the famous posts at Marre and Esnes (and, who that saw these posts will ever forget them?) Section remained in the region of Ippécourt and Rarécourt for nearly a year, from June 1916 to May 1917, then moved to Champagne for about two months, then back again to Verdun, this time to the Bras-Vacherauville sector where in the autumn of 1917 it was taken over by the American army. Since then it has served successively in Flanders, on the Somme, in Picardy, in Alsace and finally since the armistice in the Rhine provinces.
Oliver H. Perry was the American Commander of the Section from February 1916 until February 1917 when he was succeeded by William de Ford Bigelow (now Captain in the U.S.A.A.S. who in turn was succeeded in August 1917 by Henry G. Iselin who remained in, command until the end.
Lieutenant Frederic de Turkheim was the French officer in charge of the Section from December 1915 until the spring of 1918.
The Section was cited to the order of the division
2° Section 9 (now S.S.U. 629) has a history covering more than two and a half years. It left Paris for Alsace in July 1918 under the command of Carleton Burr (who as Lieutenant in the Marines was killed near Château-Thierry last July). The Section worked in the valley of the Thur and in the valley of the Fecht and en the adjacent crests until January 1917 when it moved to Verdun and then from Verdun it moved to the region of Nancy and subsequently in the early spring moved into the St. Mihiel sector and from there it passed into the Flirey-Beaumont sector above Toul where in the autumn of 1917 it was adopted by the U. S. Army. Since that time the Section has served successively in Lorraine and in Flanders, in Picardy and then again in Flanders, finally, since the armistice, making a complete tour of the Rhenish provinces and ending in Haute-Alsace. Carleton Burr resigned the command of the Section early in the winter of 1917 and was succeeded by Walter C. Jepson and he was succeeded in August 1917 by George R. Cogswell (who was named Lieutenant when the Section was militarized) and who has been a member of the Section from its beginning to its end.
The Section received both an army and a divisional citation.
3° Section 13 (now S.S.U. 631) left for the front from rue Raynouard in March 1917 under the command of Bertwal C. Read. It went first of all to Champagne and took part in the great French April offensive. Later in the spring, this Section worked the post at Mt. Cornillet where it received the first army citation awarded to any American Field Service Section. Philip K. Potter, who later represented the American Field Service with the Mallet Reserve (subsequently named Captain in the American army) took command in June 1917, of the Section which soon there-after moved to Sainte-Menehould from where it went to Verdun, working on the right bank of the Meuse when it was taken over by the U.S. Army. Since that time it has been under the command of Allen D. Kinsley and has served for the most part in the region of the Meuse, of the Somme and in Picardy.
4° Section 17 (S.S.U. 635) left rue Raynouard for the front in April 1917 under the command of Basil K. Neftel who continued in its command until the end. The Section went first of all to the Verdun sector, then served in the Argonne where it was taken over by the American army. Part of the winter 1917-18 was spent la Champagne in the region of the Monts and during the offensive of 1918, the Section served successively in the Somme, in Picardy, in the region of Villers-Cotterets, in the St. Mihiel offensive, and since the armistice in the region of Mayence.
The cars of Section 17 were given by the Weld family of Boston. Section 17 was twice cited by the army corps with which they served and once by the division
5° Section 30 (now S.S.U. 642) was formed from a group of Harvard men under the command of Ralph S. Richmond (now captain in the U.S.A.A.S.) and left for the front in June 1917. Its first work was evacuations in the region of Dugny where although not immediately at the front it received its quota of fire during the aeroplane raids. The Section then moved to the Soissons region, working on the Aisne until the time of its being taken over by the army.
In the great German offensive in this region in the spring of 1917 the Section experienced heavy losses having had 9 cars captured and 5 men taken prisoner.
S. S. U. 622 (old Section 65) has been cited to the Order of the Army, as follows:
"A unit of the highest order, which has constantly attracted notice by its courage, its high spirit and its devotion. During the engagements from August 10 to September 13, 1918, it gave proof of the most beautiful qualities of sacrifice, never hesitating to go in search of the wounded under the most violent bombardments."
Individual citations were awarded to the following:
Sergeant 1st. Class L. M. Quirin (now 1st. Lieut.), Privates Raymond W. Gauger, Noble W. Lee, Fred W. Lathrop, John G. Hopkins, Leo. V. Smith, Clarke P. Knowlton, Fred P. Smith, Norbert Le Veille, Willard G. Taylor, George McClellan, Jr. and Paul A. Redmond.
S.S.U. 625 (old Section 1) has just been cited à l'Ordre de l'Année by the French Army for its work during June, July, August and September 1918. This makes a total of five citations for this section --- two army, two corps d'armée, and one Service de Santé. A copy of the last citation follows:
Ordre No. 12.846 "D" (Extrait).
"Personnel d'élite composé en grande partie de volontaires. Sous le commandement du sous-lieutenant français Reymond, James, et du lieutenant américain Stevenson, William, s'est fait remarquer depuis son arrivée au front (septembre 1914), par son entrain, son courage, son mépris absolu du danger, et plus particulièrement pendant la dernière offensive allemande et la contreoffensive française. Dans les combats au nord de Compiègne, en juin 1918, a fait preuve d'une bravoure et d'un dévouement au-dessus de tout éloge. Malgré les nappes de gaz, le bombardement intense et l'absence d'un certain nombre de conducteurs blessés et intoxiqués, a assuré d'une façon parfaite les évacuations de jour et de nuit. Lors du passage de l'Aisne (août 1918), a traversé la rivière dès le premier pont lancé pour aller aux postes de secours avancés, et hâter le transport des blessés à l'arrière, malgré l'activité des mitrailleuses ennemies, les officiers remplaçant au volant les hommes de la section indisponibles ou évacués.
Old Section 4 (627) has received the following divisional citation:
"Section sanitaire américaine des plus anciennes (22 novembre 1915), d'abord exclusivement composée de volontaires américains engagés bien avant l'entrée en guerre des Etats-Unis; avait déjà donné de nombreuses preuves d'audace, de dévouement aux blessés. Pendant les opérations offensives de juillet 1918, sous le commandement du lieutenant américain Iselin (Henry), a assuré dans le minimum de temps et avec le plus parfait mépris du danger, un service d'évacuation rendu très difficile par les feux violents de l'artillerie ennemie, allant prendre pendant la bataille de nombreux blessés jusqu'aux postes de secours situés à proximité de la ligne de feu."
Old Section 17 (635) has received the following corps d'armée citation:
"Sous les ordres du lieutenant Neftel, n'a cessé de montrer au cours des opérations de septembre et de la première quinzaine d'octobre 1918, en particulier dans les journées du 12 et 26 septembre, du 10 octobre, un brillant exemple de dévouement et de courage et un sentiment absolu du devoir, en assurant de jour et de nuit, avec un parfait mépris du danger et dans des conditions difficiles, l'évacuation des blessés et des gazés de premières lignes sous de très violents bombardements. »
Members pledged to great campaign on return to States.
Friday evening at eight o'clock the members of S.S.U. 632 gathered in a small cafe and organized the League for Prohibition of Manufacture and Consumption of Toasted Marshmallows. The members, none of whom care for the sticky confection, are planning a great drive to start in May, spreading from one end of the country to Frisco and back again.
Mr. Wild Bill Honens, erstwhile of North-Western Mounted Police, was elected president. During his opening address he said:--- For many years I have felt that we must look things fairly in the face. The great war has brot us to realize how the eating of toasted marshmallows has menaced the progress of humanity. Murder, suicide and degeneracy are the products of this evil. My work with the criminals of the North-west has taught me that no man is so dangerous, so liable to violent action, as the man with a bad stomach-ache. I believe that the time has come to act, and I know that those who will join in with our cause will leave the mark of influence on the tablets of progress and get their names in the "Calgary Whiff."
The meeting was then addressed by Dr. H. Buddy Williams who presented the evils of the dripply marshmallow scourge in its medical phases. He said in part : "It is indeed a most happy omen that, while those most greatly affected by the proposed prohibitional amendment are college girls, as my eye roams over this assembly, I see not one college girl present . . . . Not content with my terrible expositions of the chemical reactions of the gooey tid-bit on the human system which I discovered in my laboratory work, I decided to make a practical test. I went to the foreman of a gang of Italians who were engaged in manufacturing an evacuation, in which at later date was to be inserted a sewer pipe. I explained to him my plans. He was a clever man and agreed readily with my ideas. The first day I took from the Italians their bread and onions and gave each two luscious toasted marshmallows. The second day, and each succeeding day for three weeks, I did the same. Gentlemen, I found that the second day, two of the twelve were very sick. The third day one died and eight more were ill. In six days, every one of the twelve was dead. My friends, when I think of those twelve men, and the terrible cause of their death, I feel that I can do nothing better than give my whole life to the work of abolishing this boll-weavel of the human frame."
Mr. M. Boner Law, campaign manager, then presented the plans of the campaign. The main idea is to get thoroly organized in each state, announce a big marsh-mallow sale in Kentucky, and as the addicts of the vice leave their respective homes, an election will be called, and the majority will have our way. Several other details were announced. A cotton marsh-mallow forty feet square will be erected in Madison Square with the inscription "Eat me and I'll kill you." Boner urged cooperation in all plans, saying that the cause could not be upheld without supporters.
A second meeting will soon be held at Rue St. Anne.
American Field Service, Paris
I wish to thank you heartily, tho a bit late, for the beautiful bill book I received for Christmas. It is not only useful but classy, and something I'd be proud to show every one as a souvenir of my work for France before America entered the war.
The work of the Bulletin and the maintenance of the house at 21 Rue Raynouard, all the things you have done to preserve the spirit and sustain the Fraternity of the old Field Service men, I greatly appreciate.
Our outfit expects to return to the States in a few days, and 1 regret not to be able to call at 21 Rue Raynouard and say goodby to the officers and staff there, of whom I cherish the kindest memories.
My American address will be
Lieut. William Henry CUTLER
(formerly Section 9)
143 Sprague Avenue,
Bellevue, Pittsburg, Pa.
To the Editor:
You all know the famous Mallet reserve. Perhaps you remember that poem in the Bulletin a few weeks ago which began something like this: "We are the members of the Mallet Reserve" and went on in much the spirit though perhaps not entirely the style of "Nous sommes les cadets de Gascogne." The author states no one knew much about the Mallets, and I gathered that he s'en fichait pas mal. Now to my mind that's a very reprehensible attitude. Be reserved if you must, but don't be carried into extremes. So I decided to satisfy the hitherto baulked desire of the public, to break through the Mallet reserve, and find out what was behind it. I succeeded in interviewing a member. Let us call him Adrien Deronda, for the obvious reason --- which you have probably guessed--- that that wasn't his name.
Adrien wasn't an easy subject. I found the Mallet reserve stamped not only in every line of his features, but on his shoulder straps, his dress-suit case, his camion, and the poems he was writing at his desk. For Adrien, like all the other members, is a poet. He had a set of Robert W. Service on his book-shelf and also a small copy of some verses of Kipling, because a girl in Idaho had once said, "Rudyard Kipling is the Service of the East". But he informed me he found the comparison sadly wanting in accuracy.
I questioned him immediately on the origin of the word "Mallet". I have long wanted to know whether Mallet is animal, vegetable or mineral. Adrien was full of information. Mallet is a very historical name. He --- or it --- was evidently much the same person --- or thing --- as Charles the Hammer in the days of the Saracen invasion, and in English history it --- or he ----figures prominently in the Queen's famous croquet party as Alice's mallet, which, if I remember rightly, was a flamingo. It's a little confusing, but at least I know now that Mallet isn't a vegetable.
I then interviewed Adrien on himself. He is typical of those young men who after reading all the notes on the "Lusitania" rushed to the aid of France. It may be said of Adrien that in 1914 he didn't know whether Bordeaux was a port or a Madeira, that his acquaintance with Belleau Wood approached the absolute zero, and that he could no more have told you then, than I can tell you now, whether a Yougo-Slav is Slav by his mother and Yougo by his father, or vice-versa. But, he did know that if you sit in the back seat of a Ford while some one else cranks the engine and gets in the front seat and pushes some the Ford will go. So he offered to come to France and drive a camion. And what is more he came. And what is a good deal more, he drove a camion. And here he was, since December 1917. He wore one service stripe because he had been with the French a year. He wore two more because he'd been in the American army a year. He wore a fourth because he'd seen a Boche. And so on. With a justifiable pride he had written a poem on his services, but with an unjustifiable Mallet reserve he had neglected to publish it. However, I remember a few lines:
"One little service stripe feeling rather blue,
I bought another one and then there were two.
Two little stripes, not very easy to see,
I sewed on another one and then there were three.
Three little service stripes, but some one else had more,
There were selling them round at the Coop, and then there were four."
After that the metre became too complicated for me to follow. As for his work, it was more difficult to get information.
J. W. C.
The Field Service Headquarters would be very grateful if all former members who are returning to America would notify 21, rue Raynouard at the same time giving their permanent home address.
D. M. Bowes, formerly T.M.U. 526, 2nd. Lieutenant in U.S. Tank Corps was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross on December 17th, 1918, for service at St. Mihiel and in the Argonne.
The following old Field Service men, Lieutenants in the U.S. Army Ambulance Service have been promoted to Captains.
Allan H. Muhr (S.S.U. 14)
Archie B. Gile (T.M.U. 526 and S.S.U.. 28)
A. J. Putnam (S.S.U. 70 and 18).
The following old A.F.S. Sections have come in from, the front for demobilization : S.S.U. 8, S.S.U. 12, S.S.U. 15, S.S.U. 18 and S.S.U. 29.
The Sections already at Base Camp are: S.S.U. 4, S.S.U. 9, S.S.U. 13, S.S.U. 17 and S.S.U. 30.
Among those who have recently sailed for the United States are: S. M. Brunson (T.M.U. 184), Edward C. Beall (T.M.U. 133), John R. Craig (S.S.U. 2), H. W. Patterson (T.M.U. 133), Bennett Wells (T.M.U. 526), F. P. Nash (T.M.U. 397), A. I. G. Valentine (S.S.U. 32) and Richard Buel (S.S.U. 30).
A recent caller at "21" was Captain Francis R. Beatty (formerly S.S.U. 4), now in Infantry with the 30th American Division working with the British troops in Belgium.
Giles B. Francklyn, formerly of Sections 1 and 3, and subsequently a member of Battery A, 6th Field Artillery, has just been mustered out and is returning to the United States. This battery served with the First Division at Cantigny, in the region of Soissons with Mangin's Army and later at St. Mihiel.
Donald M. Call, formerly of S.S.U. 32, and Lieut. Tank Corps has received the American Medal of Honor. He was decorated February 18, 1919, for service at Varennes September 26, 1918.
In the Club Rooms at "21" there have been on exhibition for the past three weeks forty six paintings by Mr. J. F. Bouchor, official painter to the French Armies. These are only a few chosen from the large number of war paintings made during the four years past by this artist. Among the paintings devoted to the American Army were portraits. of General Pershing; the Staff of General Pershing; Major Robert Bacon, formerly Ambassador to France, and a Group of famous Aviators including Sergeant Baylies (formerly Sections 1 and 3).
Lieut. Horton P. Kennedy formerly T. M. U. 526 has been promoted to a captaincy in the Motor Transport Corps. His marriage is also announced to Mlle. Charpentier of Decize.
First Lieutenant Robert A. Browning, commander of a Groupe in the American Mission, Reserve Mallet, has accepted an appointment with the American Commission for Relief in the Near East, and left Paris last night for Constantinople: He was given a discharge from the army, and will act as transportation director with the commission.
Lieutenant Browning came to France in June 1917 with the Cornell unit of the American Field Service. He has served with the French armies in the camion service ever since, having enlisted in the American army at Soissons in October 1917. In Field Service days he acted as commandant of a section of camions, and when he enlisted in the American army he was immediately commissioned as second Lieutenant and continued to serve as commanding officer of Company B in the Reserve Mallet until June 1918 when he was given command of a Groupe. He was promoted to First Lieutenant in October 1918, and was slated to become Captain when he accepted the civilian appointment. He will remain with the commission in Constantinople for a period of six months. Lieutenant Browning lives in Buffalo. His new address is Paris Director, American relief Commission in the Near East, 28, rue Galilée, Paris.
2nd Lieut. Perry Patton (T.M.U. 133) is still ferrying at Orly.
2nd Lieut. Charles W. Baker (T.M.U. 526) has transferred from the 22nd. Pursuit Squadron at Grand (Vosges) to the 1101st Squadron at Colombey-les-Belles.
2nd Lieut. Kramer C. Tabler (T.M.U. 184) is also at Colombey-les-Belles.
2nd Lieuts. Clifford Ferguson (S.S.U. 32) and William Farr (T.M.U. 184) are finally attached to the 1101st Squadron at Colombey-les-Belles after extended voyages "Seeing France ".
2nd Lieut. "Puncky " Canby (T.M.U. 133) is still at Orly and hasn't the least idea when he is going home.
2nd Lieut. Paul W. Penland (T.M.U. 133) at Orly has a very good picture of the A. F. S. men who trained for aviation at Tours. It contains among others Chester Tutein (killed at Rembercourt Aerodrome, 125 Squadron), Richard Banks (killed, in automobile accident near Toul), Osric M. Watkins (died of pneumonia at Bar-le-Duc, on way to front to join 94th Squadron), Perry Patton, Leland Emery, Anthony Manly and Frank Grady.
Word has just been received that Herbert Kendall (T.M.U. 133) reported killed is very much alive and is back in France. Kendall was shot down in Germany.
2nd Lieut. Galen Croxton (T.M.U. 133) is stationed at Colombey and has charge of a wrecking crew for pulling down evacuated hangars.
G. R. Y.
The Chief Quartermaster of the A.E.F. has established a new baggage service for the benefit of all members of the Expeditionary Forces in Paris. The head-quarters are at 64 avenue de Tokio (old quai de Billy), corner of the rue de Beethoven, on the river near the Trocadéro. The nearest way to get to it is by way of the underground to the Passy station, go down the steps to the avenue and turn to the left one block.
A telephone message to Palace 228 will bring a service truck to collect any baggage wished to be stored.
The Paris office is collecting all unclaimed and unidentified baggage from hotels and hospitals, which will be inspected, card-indexed and stored in a dry room under lock and key. All baggage which is not claimed, or for which there are no orders to hold in Paris, will be shipped to Gièvres after the expiration of a reasonable period of time.
Any baggage now in the hands of private agents will be taken over by the baggage service for safe keeping or for shipment. All one has to do is to communicate with the hotel or express company and pay the charges, then communicate with the bureau, giving the necessary authority to collect your property.
For those who are proceeding home or travelling about, the service will prove to be a decided boon.
This does not mean that you can leave your baggage in the hands of the Baggage Service when you are able to take it along with you. By all means take your baggage with you, on the same train if possible, and watch it every minute.
Demobilization is proceeding rapidly and from all that we can learn all but a few scattered members of the old Field Service will be on their way to the United States by the first week in April.
On or about April 15th therefore, the doors of "21" will be closed.
A considerable amount of baggage still remains unclaimed in the cinema in the rue Raynouard. The owners should not fail, when passing through Paris, to look after whatever of their property may be there in storage, and arrange either for its shipment to America or its disposition elsewhere.
We can not be responsible for baggage left in the cinema after that date.
The next issue of the Bulletin will he the Reserve Mallet number. And in addition to this, there will be issued, in larger form and fully illustrated, a special number giving names, history, and facts about the work of the Field Service men in the camion service. Both numbers will be out at the same time.
There will be an extra charge of two francs par copy for the larger supplementary issue.
The publication is announced in America of a volume by Robert W. Imbrie, formerly of Sections 1 and 3, entitled "Behind the Wheel of a War Ambulance". The book describes the author's experiences as a Field Service driver in France and the Balkans. It is published by McBride and Co., New-York.
Nearly two years have passed since the day in April 1917 immediately after America's entry in the war when Commandant Doumenc, the Head of the Automobile Service of the French Army, telephoned to 21 rue Raynouard to ask whether American volunteers could not be secured to help in the work of transporting munitions and material for his armies. He said that at that moment the ranks of the Automobile Service were seriously depleted, that they lacked some 7.000 drivers to meet current requirements and that a large proportion of the remaining personnel consisted of old men who were scarcely fitted for the arduous and sustained effort incumbent upon them and who at the same time were greatly needed in their homes, after nearly three years absence, to cultivate their farms and to keep going the industrial life of the country. He proposed, if we could help him with men, to turn over to an American personnel one of the great automobile reserves whose functions were to assist the armies in the regions of heavy offensive and defensive operations, and in fact he proposed to turn over a particular reserve which had already made a record of serious accomplishment in the battle of Verdun and elsewhere, under the command of an efficient and tactful officer who understood Americans and spoke their language. He said that if the American Field Service really wanted to help France it could not render a greater service than by contributing to the plan which he had outlined.
For more than two years the Field Service had been serving the French Divisions with ambulance sections conducted by American volunteers using material furnished by American donors. The number of volunteers was constantly multiplying as interest in America's participation in the war increased and as the Field Service became better and better known throughout the States. The Field Service had always responded within the limits of its modest capacity to every request that had been made upon it. Since April 1915 it had furnished an ever increasing number of ambulance sections to the French Divisions serving on the French front. In the prolonged and terrible battle of Verdun during the preceding year a very large proportion of the sanitary transport from front line posts had been performed by its sections. In the autumn of 1916 in, response to a special request, two ambulance sections with double equipment had been sent to the Balkans to serve with the French armies in Albania and northern Greece.
We were here to help in whatever way we could. The motto which headed all of our circulars was "Tous et tout pour la France." Here was a new request for help, a new opportunity for service. Only one reply was possible. We would do what we could to meet the need that Commandant Doumenc had formulated.
The following week a fresh contingent arrived from America, a group of volunteers recruited at Cornell as an ambulance section. The situation was explained to them and to a man they agreed to put aside their original intention and respond to the new call. A few days later the Cornell Unit embarked for the hastily organized training camp at Dommiers, near Soissons and the Mallet Reserve as a Franco-American unit serving with the French army was born.
A week later a group arrived from Andover Academy and followed their example the third week a unit from Dartmouth, then in quick succession, units from the University of California, from Marietta College, from Princeton and Yale, from Tufts College and from other American centers. Within two months the Franco-American T. M. Service was an assured success. During the spring and summer of 1917 more than 800 American Field Service volunteers entered this Service. A new training camp was opened at Chavigny (near Longpont). The new volunteer recruits quickly took over the three T. M. groups in Jouaignes and soon thereafter look over part of the groups at Soissons. They were already carrying most of the ammunition and trench material from the railheads on the Soissons-Fismes road to the Chemin des Dames front when the American army consented to adopt the Service, enlist the volunteer drivers, give commissions to the volunteer officers and continue the formation as an official American adjunct of the French army.
It is well that the story should be known of the beginnings of this unique organisation of Americans which was destined to render such valiant service to the French armies in most of the great battles of the last two years of the war. As volunteers they played an important rôle in the victory of the Chemin des Dames and their, successors rendered essential help in the great battles of Picardy, the Somme, Soissons Villers-Cotterets, the Marne and Champagne, which achieved the final defeat of the Huns.
Except for the volunteers of the spring and summer of 1917, the Mallet Reserve as an American factor in the French army would in all probability never have existed. To the old T. M. volunteers therefore, from Cornell, Andover, Dartmouth, Marietta, Tufts, Princeton, Yale and other American universities be the honor that is their due. Their work was often hard and fraught with difficulties. It sometimes seemed to its participants inglorious and uninspiring, though never to those who observed them toiling through crowded traffic and endless clouds of dust). But like pioneers in unexplored regions they blazed the way for their successors and like other pioneers they built better than they know, for as the pages that follow abundantly show, they helped substantially in blazing the way towards victory.
A. Piatt ANDREW,
Lieut. Colonel U. S. A. S.
The fact that the Réserve Mallet was directly dependant upon French G. Q. G. for orders, explains its participation in all the following Major operations recognized by G. H. Q. and in addition the Chemin des Dames and Cambrai offensive:
French Offensive, of Chemin des Dames throughout Summer of 1917, culminating in Battle of Malmaison Oct. 23, 1917.
Cambrai Offensive of British --- November 25 to Dec. 2.
Somme Defensive, Mar. 21 to Apr. 6.
Aisne Defensive--- Chemin des Dames and Northeast of Reims May 27, to June 5.
Montdidier-Noyon Defensive, June 9 to June 13.
Champagne Marne Defensive, July i to July 18.
Aisne-Marne Offensive, July 18 to Aug. 6.
For Groupement 8.
Somme Offensive, August 8 to Sept. 9.
Oise-Aisne Offensive, Sept. 10 to Oct. 11.
Somme Offensive, Oct 12 to Nov. 11.
For Groupement 9.
Somme Offensive, Aug. 8 to Sept. 17.
Oise-Aisne Offensive, Sept. 18 to Sept. 29.
Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Oct. 1 to Nov. 11.
It took 623,541,035 rife and machine gun bullets and more than 3,500,800 shells including shrapnel, high explosive and gas to help the American Expeditionary Forces end hostilities, according to figures of the Ordnance Department. It took also 74,000,000. calibre cartridges for automatic pistols. -
Stars and Stripes. Jan. 31st.
Some insight into the amount of work done by the Americans of the Réserve Mallet in connection with the French armies may be gained by a comparison of these figures with the record of shells hauled to the French guns in the Mallet camions. While the artillery of the American Expeditionary Forces used three and a half million shells altogether, the Réserve between June 6th and November 11th hauled over 6,000,000 shells of all varieties. In addition they hauled 23,488 tons of infantry ammunition.
The greater part of these six million shells were of course Seventy-fives and One-fifty-fives. During the period mentioned they hauled 4,490,428 Seventy-fives and 1,173,130 One-fifty-fives.
In preparation for the Franco-American offensive of July 18, they hauled 946,963 .75 mm. shells; 45.495 .105 mm. shells; 211,830 .155 mm. shells; and 20,700 .120 mm. shells.
When the French began their rapid advance through Montdidier and Saint Quentin the Reserve Mallet drivers between Sept. 25 th and November 14 th, hauled 1,715,437 .75 mm. shells; 68,441 .105 mm. 415,083 .155 mm.; 17,200 .120 mm; 15,255 .210 mm.; besides 6,762 tons of infantry ammunition.
Records for long hauls, long hours, and fatigues were made several times but the members of Company 363, Groupe Wilcox broke all previously established in the Reserve when during the month of August the company's camions roiled 669 hours out of the 744 hours in the month. So continuous were the orders that it was found necessary to allow each man and alternate day of rest after a day of work. Thus while the men got a rest the camions got no release from toil. A driver came into camp filled up his gas tank and was dropping asleep on the first straw pile when his driving partner was ordered to crank up the truck and be ready to roll again.
Chevrons, you are growing old;
But although these stripes of white
You will always, Chevrons, be
But alas, sir, and alack
Only, some prefer a bar
Tho' these service stripes of white
We who have been so closely allied with the French have been able perhaps more than most units to profit by French experience and avoid the errors incident to newness in. warfare.
There have often been incidents like the following : A convoy of American-driven trucks approached a long stretch of road behind the front, and started down its length. Out ran a short, hairy-faced poilu. "N'allez pas là-bas. Très dangereux. Obus. Z-z-z-, pouf. Pas bon." The road looked so peaceful ; it surely was out of sight of the lines. Woomp, Wheee, Whang: A shell landed 50 yards down the road.. The convoy was ordered to turn, while the little, serious-faced Frenchman pointed to a speck on the horizon, which was immediately recognized as an every-watchful German observation-balloon, which had already spied the convoy. "Je n'aime pas voir, les Américains, tués. Avez-vous cigarette américaine. Merci, au revoir."
So it. has been. They have warned us against shells, mud, precipitation. An American is impetuous. At the front he wants to 'up and at him". On a truck he wants to pass everything in sight. But the Frenchman has taught that in passing a long convoy, a truck may get stuck, and in the twinkling of an eye the road is blocked, there is a blockade of traffic in both directions, and the tangle makes a wonderful target for hostile artillery.
Balmy days of camion drivers in the American Field Service will always be remembered as terminating on that day when the famous "get into the American Army or get out of France doctrine" was annunciated at Jouaignes
For a week it had been rumored that the United States was to take over the transport division of the Field Service and speculation had run high through the camps as to the outcome.
The usual ten o'clock reveille had been voluntarily set ahead three hours that morning when it was heralded through the camps of Jouaigues and Soissons that a mass meeting would be held and opportunity given for enlistment.
Then came the speech, a superlative in emphasis and dramatic unappeal.
The effect upon these "Musical comedy costumed camion drivers" as they were referred to was next to marvellous. French officers present applied their handkerchiefs assiduously to their perspiring foreheads while their faces bore a comprend pas expression. They failed to understand why such harsh words had been applied to the American drivers, the French war cross and above all the Y.M.C.A.
Chagrined and crestfallen the men filed from the meeting and at once the streets of Jouaignes and Soissons closely resembled those seething debates of the Virginia legislature when Patrick Henry and other Americans took their stand for Liberty.
Boys who had come eager to enlist, walked away still members of the American Field Service. Days passed and enlistments did not come in as they should. The Highness who now occupied a place behind the recruiting desk failed to understand why his oratorical powers had failed to persuade.
It was not until Colonel Gordon Robinson made a visit to the camps a week later and with his direct personal appeal smoothed over the rough edges that the boys remained in France.
Those who joined the American army were hustled to Soissons. Those who remained in the Field Service were segregated in Jouaignes until their release was secured from the French.
Everyone at Soissons agreed that getting used to Army discipline after the "lap of luxury" Field Service days was the hardest part of the war. Thirty times a month the men deserted the army at night and as many times they enlisted in the morning when reveille blew. They took advantages of all the privileges of a private that is, they griped, and swore and cursed out the top sergeant when he wasn't around.
Improvement was gradual but sure, thanks to the diplomatic and politic ways that Colonel Robinson employed in handling this outfit.
The Chemin des Dames offensive was quickly over and the men settled down to routine camp life which was broken in November by the English drive on Cambrai when the Reserve rushed 66.000 troops to Peronne in a memorable seventy-two hour convoy. Numerous minor engagements were entered into, such as countless Battles of Paris, the defense of Cognac, and Pinard Run. There were casualties to be sure, but only such as might be expected from strenuous encounters.
Friday was the busiest day of the week, for one would work all day shining shoes, hunting enough water for a wash, brushing clothes and cleaning a rifle that Saturday inspection might be passed. Then, behold the tragedy of it all, when kitchen police was the reward for working so hard that one neglected to shave. Such were the vicissitudes of the Winter, and it was with joy that the 407th, 408th and 409th supply trains were welcomed on February 7, 1918 for then formal inspections came only one fourth as often.
Ten weeks of work on the dugout was celebrated March 21st, with its completion and at the same time we bid farewell for-ever to the stonepile with the commencement of the Somme offensive and the evacuation of Soissons as a camp. To every American Soissonion, both dug out and stone pile will always be remembered as the things that kept them in trim for the strenuous bouts at the "Hole in the Wall", Lion Rouge, and Croix d'Or.
Three defensives, the Aisne, the Montdidier-Noyon and the Champagne-Marne, followed each other in quick succession and without lapse of time until July 18, 1918 when the tables were turned and the camions started toward the German border in a series of four offensives commencing with that of the Aisne-Marne, and ending with the Somme and the subsequent signing of the armistice. In this interval, the Reserve participated in another Somme offensive as well as the Oise-Aisne attack, making a remarkable total of eight operations since the beginning of the year.
The concluding chapter of the history will be written when the Statue of Liberty is again sighted in New York Harbor and the lights of Broadway shine brighter and appear whiter than ever before. Until then, the Reserve is a continued story and like all good stories something, is expected to happen in the next instalment.
The honor of being the first Americans to actually bear the Stars and Stripes to the front belongs to the first section of American Field Service men, who joined the Reserve Mallet as volunteers in the French army May 8, 1917.
General Pershing's expeditionary forces had not yet landed, and these few men of the first transport section of the American Field Service, later merged into the American Mission Reserve Mallet, were the only Americans in France outside the Lafayette escadrille and the foreign legion, in a belligerent service.
During the months of May, June, and July had you visited the Ferme de Chavigny, where the transport sections got their training under the French, each morning you would have seen the Stars and Stripes hoisted to the staff in front of the Château while a little group of French officers, and the Americans, the vanguard of the forces to come, stood in formation and solemnly saluted. A similar formation, was held each evening, to lower the colors.
IN THAT LITTLE OLD BUVETTE
In a little French street wandering from the river to the
" gare ",
Cho. In that little old buvette,
Oh, their cognac, it was yaller and their Chartreuse it was
Cho. In that little old buvette, etc.
There so often in the evenings, in that cheery atmosphere,
Cho. To that little old buvette.
Oh, I'm sick of wasting money on this blasted temperance stuff
Cho. In that little old buvette,
Ship me somewhere far from sodas, where the best is like the
In that little old buvette,
Cho. In that little old buvette,
D. W. S.
No American has been associated with so many phases of the war or has seen more than Capt. P. B. K. Potter, commanding officer, of the American Mission, Reserve Mallet.
Capt. Potter came to Europe in 4915, shortly after the start of the war as a member of the Hoover Relief commission. He served as a member of this commission in Belgium, Germany and France until Hoover was called back to America to become Food Controller, after the United States declared war in 1917. At this time. Capt. Potter went to Paris and joined the American Field Service as commander of Ambulance Section 13. He later changed to the camion service where he acted as liaison officer.
When the camion service was taken over by the American Army, Capt. Potter was commissioned captain and continued to serve as liaison officer until August 1918, when he became commanding officer of the American Mission, Reserve Mallet.
The splendid success with which the Reserve has operated has been in no small measure due to Capt. Potter who first as liaison officer, and later as commanding officer has always maintained the most amicable relations between the French and Americans of the Reserve.
May-en-Multien on the night of June 3rd. 1918, during the Château-Thierry offensive, will always be remembered by the members of Groupe Ordway and Groupe Wilcox of the Reserve Mallet as one of the times when the goddess of chance was with them. Incidentally, she assisted in the outwitting of Fritz and the successful delivery of several truck loads of ammunition.
Trucks of the two groupes arriving at the park late in the afternoon found considerable aeroplane activity as well as no small amount of shelling on the part of the boches.
During a lull in operations, Lieut. Leroy Krusi, who was in charge of the camions, doubled past a French section which was waiting by the roadside some time and ran his trucks into the park. The shelling was intermittent and by the help of the drivers, the French corvée had succeeded in unloading the greater part of the convoy, when suddenly the whirr of a boche plane was heard overhead and soon bombs were dropping on the ammunition dump.
It took but a few minutes to throw off the rest of the ammunition and the mad race of the camions from the park made a Roman chariot race appear tame in contrast to this leaping convoy of five ton trucks. Ditches were cleared with ease, shell cases and other objects which might have been obstructions were hurdled with skill. In fact the drivers lost no time in getting away from the park which by this time was in flames and with the exploding shells closely resembled Fourth of July celebration back home.
Nine French trucks which had followed the Americans into the park were hit and entirely destroyed together with the ammunition which they carried. Ten Frenchmen were killed outright by the exploding shells while Pvt. Robert J. Bowers and Sgt. Melville Chase of the Réserve were hit by pieces of shell casing.
|May 8,||1917||First Transport section left for Front.|
|July 4,||1917||Franco-American celebration of Fourth at Jouaignes.|
|Oct. 1,||1917||Transport sections taken over by American Army.|
|Oct. 28,||1917||Battle of Malmaison on Chemin des Dames.|
|Nov. 21,||1917||Convoy to Montdidier in British offensive at Cambrai.|
|Feb. 3,||1918||Arrival of 408th Train from United States.|
|Feb. 7,||1918||Arrival of 407th Train from United States.|
|March 25,||1918||Retreat of headquarters from Soissons.|
|March 29,||1918||Arrival of 409th Train from United States.|
|May 29,||1918||Retreat from Chavigny.|
|June 15,||1918||Outbreak of "'flu ".|
|July 15,||1918||Permissions started.|
|Oct. 19,||1918||Battle of Champagne begins in Reims cellars.|
|Nov. 28,||1918||Commandant Mallet departs.|
|. . . .||1919||Left for America.|
Rapid shifting of troops was one of the most important points of strategy developed after the command of all the allied armies was unified under Marshal Foch.
In this respect Réserve Mallet lent an invaluable aid. Between April 1, 1918 and November 11, 1918, the camions of the Réserve transported 180,000 troops. carrying them from reserve positions to the edge of the battle.
On such convoys the drivers fastened seats along the sides of their camions so that 25 passengers and their equipment could be hauled and they were off to transport anything from a company to a division. Sometimes they took them up to lie in reserve as in the Cambrai offensive in 1917. And sometimes they took them tip, as in the fighting last March at Noyon and unloaded them into action. One groupe of the Réserve Mallet stopped with their passengers along a roadside so that troops could run into the skirmish line and start firing. Mallet camions hauled part of the marines and the 26th division to Château-Thierry in July.
They carried French shock troops to Montdidier when the French began the Somme offensive in August 1918 and they carried troops into the Champagne battle in the continuous fighting that raged from September to November. They also hauled Czecho-Slovak and Italian troops. In addition they carried refugees, and wounded soldiers back from first aid posts. Altogether the Réserve Mallet from March 21 to November 11, served with seven different French armies the First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Ninth and Tenth.
When a sudden pressure on the line created an immediate demand for guns the drivers of the Réserve Mallet were sure to get an order to crank up. Guns had to be hauled in camions to get them to the point of action in time.
Such orders generally came in about midnight. Off the drivers packed and after yanking a couple of batteries out of the line at such and such a place they trundled back to the new storm center.
The men of the Réserve can tell you how they unloaded their guns up behind Ham and Guiscard and Noyon last March. When the British Fifth Army was retreating, and how the French gunners whirled them around into emplacements and began firing at the boche before the drivers could get out of reach of enemy shells. Many a hole was plugged last March by the timely arrival of guns hurried up in the camions of the Réserve Mallet. At one time in the British retreat, one whole groupement of the Réserve narrowly escaped capture. The camions passed fifteen kilometers beyond bridges at which British soldiers were stationed under orders to blow them up at a minutes notice.
It took the Réserve Mallet drivers just three minutes and 5 seconds to get a cannon from the ground to the floor of a truck and have it solidly blocked with the drivers seated and the engine turning over, in practice loading held at Soissons March 15, a few days before the German offensive of March 21.
"Let us resist to the extreme limit of our force and even above this limit and, we shall have merited well of our countries";
With these simple stirring words of the French decision the drivers of the Réserve Mallet were sent into the battlefields about Noyon, Ham, and Guiscard, last March.
A glance at the figures of their work from this time until the armistice was signed will tell the story of the terrible fatigue of driving for three or four days without sleep or rest, of the almost unendurable strain, of the dangers, the hardships in lack of rations, billets, and clothing, which it was impossible to get at times.
These figures show that about six million shells were hauled by the Réserve alone from June 6th, 1918 to November 11th, 1918. But in other respects the Réserve played a large part. In the hauling of tanks it was a pioneer, and its experience was used in the preparation of instructions in the form of a bulletin of the M.T.C. to all outfits of the A.E.F.
Furthermore in the rapid shifting of troops upon which a large part of the final allied success depended, the Réserve was called upon continuously. It helped to unify the movements of the armies of six nations making them effective as a striking force under a single commander, and at the same time kept them supplied with munitions of war. From its inception it has been within the range of German guns.
The whole Réserve can now look back to those months between March and November and feel glad that they are past, and yet feel a solemn pride that they were able to bear up under the pressure and do more than asked of them.
Carrying out an important action on the Tahure plateau south of Vouziers led to the necessity of hauling tanks weighing approximately seven tons in the five ton camions of the Réserve Mallet, October 1, 1918. Incidentally a precedent was established, and the experience of the Réserve was made the basis of a bulletin of instructions on tank transportation sent out to all organizations of the A.E.F.
Many officers said it could not be done. But French G. Q. G. ordered the tanks hauled to a point from which they could go into action ; commandant Doumenc passed it along to the Americans in the Réserve Mallet, and Commandant Mallet passed it along to Groupe Lamade.
From Port-a- Binson the convoy hustled through Châlons to Somme Suippes on September 30 and next morning the tanks came into a railroad spur outside of town. Four by four timbers were laid across the track in front of the first car and upon this platform the first truck was backed. Thirty four were loaded that afternoon and the convoy started up the Tahure plateau. It was just beyond here at the Medeah farm that the Huns were holding so fiercely, menacing the American advance on the right toward Vouziers, and French advance on the left, toward Rethel.
It was about midnight when unloading was started. There was a lively artillery bombardment going on, and airplanes were busy. But what was worse, the roads were narrow and they were jammed with traffic. However the tanks were finally unloaded after the Americans decided to take a chance and employ flash lights in guiding the tank down the narrow runways. The next day the tanks took Medeah farm.
But the convoy was successful and three weeks later, the Mallet Réserve was given a second job of carrying 225 tanks from Reims 30 kilometers north to Lor. It was here that Lt. G. L. Edwards, jr., was killed by shell fire during enemy bombardment of the unloading.
A few days later the communiqué said, "our chars d'assaut made it possible for our infantry to break the enemy's line and go through for seven kilometers."
No history of Motor Transport will be complete which fails to mention Chavigny Farms and Longpont. To the Réserve Mallet and its members, Chavigny is of especial historical interest and importance, for it was here that the first Americans to enter the Réserve came in May 1917 and received their training. This was a month before the A.E.F. had landed forces in France.
Chavigny, to the French Army was a unique experiment attempted on the basis of the good work done by the American Field Service Ambulance Sections. Longpont and Chavigny to the American drivers will always be associated with learning to drill in French and to eat bread, and coffee for breakfast, real hardships in the early days.
Boche and Allied artillery have reduced to ruins the farmhouse and the courtyard would now prove more recalcitrant to drilling than it did in former days when wagons, camions and even stone walls had to be circumvented.
Chavigny and Longpont partially ruined and destroyed by the Revolution were completely razed when the Boche recrossed the Chemin des Dames in July 1918.
If anyone thinks he has a claim to publicity, let him first consult with Louis Epstein, private in Motor Truck CO. 363 of the American Mission, Mallet Reserve.
Epstein stepped from the unassuming position of buck private No. 217264 to the columns of every daily and Sunday edition in New York City and Brooklyn.
He did this March 24, 1918 when he was left with a broken down truck loaded with ammunition at Noyon. In the hodge podge that followed the hasty English retreat and the rapid Boche advance, Epstein was mistaken for a German and taken prisoner by the French who failed to understand his language. A week at prison camps, Quartier Generals and finally G. Q. G. rectified the mistake and Epstein was returned to his company.
The C. O. called me over to his desk.
"Look here", he said, "I can't get any information about when we are going home. We have been classed by G.H.Q. as combatants and they are sending such troops home But I can't get any dope from official sources at all. Now I want some definite information, so what you are to do is to go out to the groupes. Some of the men out there know by this time I am sure what is going to become of us. That's all."
So I started out. As Groupe Browning was only three kilometers distance at Bazeilles, I went there first. I was on my way to the mess shack to interview the kitchen police first on the subject when I met Jerry.
"Listen, Jerry", I said, "when are we going to go home?"
He eyed me suspiciously for a bit and then he said:
"I'm going to let you in on the real dope if you keep it quiet. We are going home the last of March. I've just got a letter from a cousin of mine who is on the General Staff and he says he's been handling papers about the Réserve Mallet going home. It's a sure thing, but keep it mum."
"Thanks", I replied and started for Groupe Vincent. I questioned several men but they all said they did not wish to be quoted. Then I saw Roth. At my question he was enthusiastic.
"It's absolutely sure, no question of it" he told me. "We'll be on the water by May 1. I'll tell you why I know ", he confided. "When I was on permission I was in Marseilles and one of the sergeants that works in the dock office told me that they had passage booked for us for May 1. He showed me a book that proved it. Make some bets and write and tell your folks you're coming."
I thanked Roth. And I must confess that I was feeling very cheerful. The prospects were certainly bright. Then I started for Boulzicourt to see Groupe Lamade. Going down the street I saw a sign, "Bureau de Compagnie B "so I entered and saw Ken Dowley there at work.
"Well, Ken", I said sort of casually, so he wouldn't suspect that I was really seeking forbidden information, "when are we going to sail?"
"Sail?" he echoed, looking disgusted, " we aren't going to sail. Imagine the Mallet Reserve' having such luck as that. Don't you know we're booked for a year in the S.O.S. I got the dope straight. One of the officers who was up here last week for inspection and reorganization told me confidentially that was the purpose of the visit to get us ready for service back in the S. O. S."
"But, it can't be so", I said, "because over in Vincent and Browning, they have indisputable evidence that we are going home."
"Don't be chasing any rainbows like that", said Ken, "I'm telling you, its a year in the S. O. S. for us.
Somewhat discomfited I set out for Le Chesne, to see Groupe Robinson and who should I see but Vic De Potter coming out of the kitchen with both pieces of his messkit loaded with food.
"Vic," I said, "I hear you are making bets that we won't be home till September 1."
"That's right," said Vic, "I did place a bet on that and I am sure I shall win. A Y. M. C. A. man whose brother is on the shipping board told me they would not have boats for the Mallet Reserve till the middle of August, so I figure we will get home about September 1.
"You're sure of this, I suppose, Vic?"
"Absolutely sure, I made a big bet," he said.
Then I went to Groupe Ordway and entered the kitchen to get warm. Harris was busy making biscuits.
"What do you hear about going home", I began.
"Well, things looked pretty bad, but I've got the right dope now", said Harris as he pulled a huge pan of biscuits from the oven.
"We are going to stay with the French till March 1, and then we'll turn in our trucks. If the Americans don't release us then the Captain knows Commandant Doumenc who is a friend of Marshal Petain, who is going to see Marshal' Foch and have him intercede with G. H. Q. to get us out. I'm writing home now that they'll see me likely, about the middle of April."
"Thanks very much, Harris," I said.
My last visit was to Groupe Wilcox. There I met Scotty McKenzie. I didn't mince matters.
"Mac," I asked "when are we going home?"
Mac didn't say anything for a bit. Then, "I guess I can depend on you to keep quiet. Here's the dope. When I was on permission, I saw a guy that works at G. H. Q. He asked me what outfit I was in and I said Mallet Reserve. "Oh," he says "you're going home the end of March. I've been handling papers every day about you ".
"Thanks, Mac," I said, "that's just what I figured."
But the result of my investigation was somewhat perplexing. Sailing dates varied from one month to one year from date. Then a happy thought struck me. That night I reported to the C. O.
"When do we sail?" he asked first thing.
"July 11," I replied without hesitation.
"How do you get that" he asked.
"This way, " I replied, " I visited all the groupes ; everyone was certain of their information and everyone was different, so I simply took the number of months between now and sailing time that each one gave me, divided the total number of months by six, and then added this mean number of months to the present date, and you have it, --- July 11."
"Thanks," said the C. O.
Fall in. Right Dress. Front. Then the top sergeant began to call the roll.
Brazenly, and defiantly, and with an air of great assurance the ghosts of Bull Stories standing rigidly at attention answered to their names as they were called. Of course the sergeant knew them all by heart and although he had them neatly written out in case his memory should fail him he ran down the list in order with scarcely a slip.
Front Line Trench Bull, Citation Bull, Wounded Bull, Transfer Bull, Captured Souvenir Bull, Nearly Got Commissioned Bull, Shock Troops Bull, Captured Bull, Saved the Colonel's Life Bull, Service Stripe Bull, Machine Gum Bull, and so on till the last name was called. Toward the end the top had a sort of tired expression as the prompt response to each name was "Here". Then he turned to the C. O. and said, " All present and accounted for, Sir."
"At Ease", said the C. O. of the outfit as he took command of the Company. "I want to congratulate you men," he said, "on the way you have been getting by. I've got to hand it to you. When you were back on leave you were admirable. Everyone fell. In letters you were incomparable. Your success was beyond question. Your home town papers devoted columns to you. And even members of rival outfits took their hats off to you. "
"But now there's one thing I want to warn you about. You are going back home pretty soon and my advice to you is to keep quiet. In the first place you won't be heroes when you go back; there are too many just like you who have already returned and they have stolen all your glory. You are pretty good but better men than you who were in France a shorter time have already preceded you.
"In the second place there may be a few honest men who will be there with you and they will make it embarrassing for you. In the third place why frighten your friends to death now that it's all over.
"Nevertheless," he concluded, "I want to tell you again that I admire the way you got by. Are there any recent recruits?"
"Yes, Sir, --- One Going Home Bull, " replied the Sergeant.
"Company, Attention, Dismissed," said the C. O.
La bataille qui se livre en ce moment va décider l'avenir du monde. Une victoire complète est nécessaire pour assurer notre liberté et celle de nos Alliés contre la tyrannie des Empires allemands.
Ce n'est plus une question de mois ou de semaines, c'est en quelques heures peut-être que va se jouer la partie décisive.
Résistons jusqu'à l'extrême limite de nos forces, au delà même de cette limite, et nous aurons bien mérité de nos patries.
Pour la France!
Note. --- These were the French orders of the Day which sent the Reserve Mallet drivers into the battlefields about Noyon last March.
First lieutenant George L. Edwards Jr., was killed October 24, 1918, when he was struck by a shell during a convoy in which tanks were being hauled to the attack positions near Neufchâtel. He met his death in a fashion worthy of the highest ideals of an American soldier. Leaving his car, he went back on foot to see that all his men were out of danger. He was cited for a Croix de Guerre. Lt. Edwards had been serving in France for more than 17 months. He joined the Réserve in May 1917 as a volunteer in the American Field Service. He enlisted in the American army in October and received his commission as an officer in January 1918. He was promoted to First Lieutenant in October, 1918.
The French are already accrediting the eight hundred Americans who voluntarily entered the Reserve Mallet in the spring of 1917 to aid the French as camion drivers on the Chemin des Dames, as the first American belligerents. George H. Seldes, a French writer, designates them in this way.
Speaking of these first American members of the Reserve Mallet he says:
"The camion drivers had no recompense but the satisfaction that they were serving France vitally. They knew nothing but work. They, drove through nights and days in mud and rain, they took the five sous a day of the French soldiers, and ate soldiers' fare and never had a day of rest."
The camion men saw all the battle of the Chemin des Dames, they got close to the danger zones, and they suffered casualties, Section 133 received an army citation for its work under shell fire. Bob Lamont, who lost one hand, and Thompson who was injured, as well as the Section Chef, R. T. Scully, were decorated with Croix de Guerre. Lamont also got the Médaille Militaire. Scully in his report of the night described the events that took place:
"I arrived at Jouy at 11:15 p. m. and decided to unload the camions under the lee of the hill with the American drivers. I then asked Thompson, driver of the Ford, to move up a little farther. He stepped around to crank up and at this minute a shell exploded on the road to the right. A French sergeant, Lamont and myself were standing near. I asked Thompson if he were hurt and he said "My leg, but am all right '. Lamont then called out and I went to him and he said "My left hand is gone".
Wanting to make sure that word had been sent to the poste de secours in Vailly, I started down the road when Valentine Macy volunteered to accompany me. We had gone but a short distance from the abri when a shell fell close. Throughout the evening Macy acted with great disregard for himself. We proceeded to unload the camions having however to run into the abri seven or eight times, on account of shells falling nearby. The American drivers on the trip were twelve in number. Lamont, Thompson, Macy, Wylie, Bradbury, Warren, Black, Kellett, Lindeman, Hailey, Bloom and Wilson.
Coming back to Paris after the United States had taken over the service the drivers said:
"I would not go back to the camions for a million dollars, but 1 would not take a million for my experience."
While the Réserve, through its isolation from American Forces, and for other reasons lost out in getting the fourragère for which it was proposed a considerable number of its members have been decorated with the Croix de Guerre and more have been cited for it.
Robert Lamont, old T. M. 133 was the first to receive the honor in the camion service. Lamont lost his left hand, and in addition to the Croix de Guerre he got the Médaille Militaire, the highest purely military medal in the French army. In the same affair, which happened on Oct. 7, 1917, R. T. Scully, and Henry Thompson, both of T. M. 133 were awarded Croix de Guerre.
Later, in June 1918, in the fighting incident to the retreat of the French armies back from the Aisne, First Lt. Frank O. Robinson, First Lt. Leroy F. Krusi, Sergeant William Frizzell, of the Old Field Service, and Private Frederic Henneberry who joined the Réserve with the American army were decorated. The ceremony was held in Sedan December 14, 1918. Lt George R. Lamade was cited in October and awarded the Croix de Guerre. He was a member of old T. M. 133.
A short time later Gordon C. Gillies, of the Field Service, and Sgt. J. C. Baker, James Furlong, John Zicarelli., and Paul Brown, who came to the Réserve with the American army were decorated.
First Lt George L. Edwards, of the Field Service, who was killed Oct. 24, 1919, Private H. J. Kuszmaul, who was killed August 14, 1918 and Private Arthur Knockenauer, were cited for the Croix de Guerre. 1
Pvts. Donald, Scoles and Orville H. Orcutt, of the Field Service, and Pvt. Carl Forman, and Corp. E. F. Becker, received certificates of merit from Commandant Doumenc, head of the Service Automobile of the French Armies.
Some of the citations follow:
Pvt. Gordon C. GILLIES: "Conducteur énergique et courageux. Le 30 juillet 1918 a fait preuve, sous un violent bombardement, du plus grand dévouement et d'un mépris absolu du danger, en relevant les conducteurs blessés d'un camion incendié, et dont le chargement de munitions explosait; a prêté aide au chef du convoi pour isoler les réserves d'essence du camion, contribuant ainsi à la protection d'un dépôt de munitions."
1st Lieutenant Le Roy F. KRUSI: « Officier énergique. Dans la nuit du 2 au 3 juin 1918, au cours d'un déchargement de munitions dans un dépôt violemment bombardé par avions et partiellement en feu, a réussi, grâce aux dispositions prises et à son exemple personnel, à remplir complètement la mission qui lui était confiée, et a ramené tout son matériel à l'arrière, malgré les éclatements de bombes et les explosions des obus provoqués par l'incendie.»
1st Lieutenant Frank B. ROBINSON : "Officier plein d'entrain et de bravoure, qui s'est distingué en maintes circonstances par son initiative et son sang-froid. Le 28 mai 1918, son convoi ayant été attaqué de jour à très faible hauteur, à la mitrailleuse, par 7 avions ennemis, a réussi à le sauver grâce aux habiles dispositions prises, et en faisant exécuter un tir par ses conducteurs."
Conducteur Frederic HENNEBERRY: "Dans la nuit au 2 au 3 juin 1918, au cours d'un déchargement de munitions dans un dépôt violemment bombardé par avions, et partiellement en feu, a donné un bel exemple de courage et de sang-froid, en prenant spontanément le volant d'un camion. d'une autre unité dont le conducteur venait d'être blessé, et en le ramenant en dehors de la zone dangereuse, malgré les éclatements des bombes et les explosions des obus provoqués par incendie.»
Sergeant William FRIZZEL: "Sous-Officier technicien, d'une activité et d'un dévouement absolu. Le 28 mai, 1918, étant serre-file d'un convoi à proximité immédiate et en vue de l'ennemi, a dépanné un camion sous un feu intense de mitrailleuses, permettant à son chef d'accomplir sa mission sans aucune perte de matériel.
Lieutenant George LAMADE: "Officier excellent, énergique et dévoué, a donné en maintes circonstances l'exemple du sang-froid et du mépris du danger. S'est particulièrement signalé les 23 et 24 octobre 1918, en restant plusieurs heures à un carrefour bombardé par l'ennemi, pour veiller à la sécurité de son personnel et du matériel qui lui était confié. A quitté le terrain le dernier, après avoir eu un de ses officiers tués ses côtés. »
Of the approximately 800 Field Service men in the old transport service 304 enlisted in the U.S. Army when the service was taken over and of these only a little over a hundred now remain in the Reserve. All the others have been transferred to other organizations or other branches of the service. Officers who remain are:
Captain P. B. K. Potter, 2nd Lieutenants, W. M. Bristol, Mayo A., Darling, Horatio J. Harper, Wendel P. Harper, John 1. Kautz, Robert J. McClintock,. Donald W. Stewart, George L. Herrick, Lee Wood, E. A. Young jr., Raymond M. Young, Chester N. Shaffer, Francis S. F. Andrews, Thomas A. Carothers, Albert M. Cowan, Clayton C. Grandy, Nicolas C. Leidgen, Seldon M. Loring, J. B. Mackinlay, Arthur C. Payne, Donald B. Percy, L. M. Prince, Earl D. Prudden, Arthur R. Terry, Raymond G. Urban, Roy C. Wilcox, 1st Lieutenants William E. Brown, Robert A. Browning, Dows Dunham, Leroy F. Krusi, George R. Lamade, William B. Olmsted, Donald Ordway, Richmond Ordway, Frank O. Robinson, George Struby, Joseph W. Travis.
Enlisted men who remain are:
Chester D. Shepard, Lyle D. Shinn, Leon F. Singer, Roger W. Squire, Howard G. Stackhouse, Murray L. Stevens, David A. Reed, John Swigart, Ralph G. Taylor, George P. Tallant, Clifford H. Tinkham, Gerald E. Thomas, Owen J. Toland, Newman E. Wait, James H. Wilkinson, Robert H. Williams, Allen Williamson, Paul D. Woodman, Whitney B. Wright, Arthur O. Young, David Darrah, Lee T. Estabrook, Frank W. Holmes, William S. Townsend, Robert C. Bray, Charles L. Brown, Bernard C. Collins, Robert C. Colwell, Harold M. Conard, Sherbourne Cook, Louis Corboy, Alan Cunningham Jr., Ed. P. Cunningham, Alexander P. Dann, Kenneth C. Davenport, Kirkland H. Day, Louis S. Dean, Victor De Potter, Kenneth C. Dowley, Arthur H. Earle, Harry E. Flannagan, Norman W. Ford, Wm. S. Frizzell, Gordon C. Gillies, James H. Glann, Jean E. Guy, Russell J. Henderson, Coburn Herndon, Frank H. Kimber, Ira M. Kaufman, Clifford B. Kirk, Frederick W. Kurth, Ralph M. Lamade, Horatio E. Locke, Reuben W. Lovering, Russell J. Lowe, Edgar K. Lowry, James M. Means, Jos. S. Moss, Francis L. McGinty, Walker H. Mills, Norton R. Nickerson, Orville H. Orcutt, Harold W. Peffers, Donald S. Pitkin, Samuel Pruyn, Alden Rogers, John D. Santers, Francis L. Sawyers, Donald Scoles, McNeill V. Seymour and Allan F. Sharpe.