CERTAIN

SAMARITANS

BY

ESTHER POHL LOVEJOY, M.D.

President of the Medical Women's International Association,
1919-24; President of the Medical Women's National
Association, 1932-33; General Director of the
American Women's Hospitals' service
for the past fourteen years

New Edition, Revised and Reset

NEW YORK
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

1933 (1927)

DEDICATED
IN GRATEFUL APPRECIATION
TO
OUR NEIGHBORS
IN EVERY STATE IN THE UNION,
AND TO
"A CERTAIN SAMARITAN"
WHO HAS WALKED WITH US
FOR FOURTEEN YEARS.

Many of the photographs used in this book have been contributed by different persons to whom we wish to express appreciation. The illustration on the jacket was done by a refugee artist in Constantinople; the frontispiece was also painted by a refugee in Constantinople. On account of his talent, he was afterward sent to Paris where his work has already won recognition.

CONTENTS

CHAPTER I.

A House Divided Against Itself---In the Beginning There was Light but No Funds---The Age Limit for Women

CHAPTER II.

Medical Service on the Marne---All Souls' Day at Luzancy---A.W.H. Dentistry---A Grand Pandora Box of Surgical Diseases---Two Home Towns

CHAPTER III.

We Move to Blérancourt---Work with the Committee for Devastated France---The "Robustness" of our Chauffeuses---A Sky Pilot's Glove!---Coöperation with College Relief Units---La Résidence Sociale

CHAPTER IV.

A Pope with Appendicitis---A Circuit Riding Surgeon---Showers of Blessings Including Bedsteads---Booty Bandages---The Burning of the "Roye"

CHAPTER V.

Insect Life in the Valley of the Vardar---The Skoplje Beetle---An Influential Family---Supermen and Vermin---The Fateful Bite of a Louse

CHAPTER VI.

The Hernia Brotherhood---A Brigand Chief under an Æsthetic---Children First---Black Hair and White Eyes---Mustapha and the Minaret

CHAPTER VII.

Casualities on Market Day---Playful Katchaks---Hiding Behind a Skirt---The "Highduk" Kara George---Albanian Eagle Men---Blood Feuds---Pipes of Pan---Wild Boars

CHAPTER VIII.

Disease Among the Pure-Blooded---Pioneer Nursing in Albania---People, Sights and Thrills---The Home of a Lunatic---Travelling with the Mailman

CHAPTER IX.

The Day of Deliverance---Talk about Melting Pots---Shem, Ham, Japheth and the Folks from the Land of Nod---"A Flaming Sword Which Turned Every Way"---Pestilence in the Garden of Eden---Hoisting the Red Flag

CHAPTER X.

The Battle of Bardazag---An Expatriated American Battleship---The Latest Fall of Nicomedia---The Flight of our Native Nurses---A New Baby in the Midst---An Empty Victory---Gleaning Chetas---Our Turkish Watchman

CHAPTER XI.

The Mantle of Moscow---Under Two Flags: The American and Communist---"The Czar's Cigarette Case"---A Nationalized Casino

CHAPTER XII.

"Plain Tales from the Hills"---Bolshevik Strike---An Experiment in Communism---"Reds and Radishes"

CHAPTER XIII.

"The Medical Factory"---A Cattle Country---Big Demon Harnessed

CHAPTER XIV.

Spartans---Ararat and Hollywood---Ptomains of Fatigue---The Golden rule and the "Internationale"

CHAPTER XV.

Midas, Croesus and the Quest of the "Golden Fleece"---A Ship Without a Country---The Martyred City---A Sunday School Cruise---Polycarp and Chrysostom---How Firm a Foundation?

CHAPTER XVI.

The Smyrna Quay---English-Speaking Refugees with an American Accent---Neutrality---"Deportation to the Interior"---A Muddle of Nationality and Religion---The Strange Case of a Man with Two Passports, But Without a Country---Praying for Ships---The Golden Age of Greece

CHAPTER XVII.

American and British Sailors Help the Outcasts---Infernal Gates---Walking the Plank---Daylight Robbery---The Via Dolorosa---The Blood of the Rams---Birth and Death---Swimming in Dark Waters---The Strength of the Weak

CHAPTER XVIII.

The Gifts of Life---Finding Favor---My Share of the Smyrna Loot---The Boy I Shall Ask Saint Peter About

CHAPTER XIX.

Care of the Sick on the Islands of Homer and Sappho---Refugees from Rochester---A Poor Little Rich Boy---"Move On! Move On!"

CHAPTER XX.

"The Terrible Meek"---A Jocular Fate---The Turkish Family Tree---Genealogical Jungles---Busy Hangmen---Changing the History of the Turkish Race---Survival of the Cunning

CHAPTER XXI.

Beginning in Greece---Armenian Orphans---Floating Hells---A Call from the Sea

CHAPTER XXII.

Amazons Ancient and Modern---Poor Little Shili!---"Tears, Idle Tears"---Hatching Dodos--An Option of King Solomon's Mines

CHAPTER XXIII.

The Odyssey of an Oregonian---Home a Refugee---Treasure Islands---Dreadful Dreadnaughts---Caught in Chios---"The Balkan Bat"

CHAPTER XXIV.

Paul was Misinformed---Sir Arthur's Pick and Shovel---Crete and the Palace of King Minos---Armed with Phagocytes---The Dreaded Anopheles---A Miracle---God is Good

CHAPTER XXV.

The American Women's Hospitals' Quarantine Island---Pest-Ships from the Pontus---A Man of Sorrows---Our Outdoor Cafeteria---Eight Thousand Guests---"The Quality of Mercy"

CHAPTER XXVI.

An Angel from "God's Country"---Lost Grandmothers---Old Smallpox---The Turkish-Speaking "Greeks" and the Greek-Speaking "Turks"---Medical Science, Christianity and the Almighty Dollar---A Feast in the Palace of King Minos

CHAPTER XXVII.

"Her Majesty the Queen"---"Five Hundred Millionaires!"---My Far-Away Cousin

CHAPTER XXVIII.

The City of Two Continents---New Turks and Turkesses---Scutari Barracks in 1854 and in 1923---Lent and Ramadan--"Yes, We Have No Bananas!"

CHAPTER XXIX.

Ghosts of the Golden Horn---The Old Seraglio---Eunuchs Who Sit in the Sun---Life is Comic---A Fierce Image---Trotzky's Ironic Sanctuary

CHAPTER XXX.

The Christian Exodus---Dig in or Die---Survival of Quality---Women Builders---Poverty-Stricken Boom Towns---The Goose that Laid the Golden Egg---An American Deportee

CHAPTER XXXI.

Elysium for Diplomats---A Portentous Document---An Airplane with Heart Disease---The Advantages of Steerage Travel

CHAPTER XXXII.

East of the Volga---The Hunger Strike---Breaking the Tenth Commandment---Communism in a Railway Compartment---"Ivan the Terrible"---Feet by Jowl---A Wayfarer on the Borderland of Delirium Tremens

CHAPTER XXXIII.

Suckling Pigs of Siberia---A Storm over Canaan---Bubonic Fleas---A Lost Soul from Pittsburgh---Ghats of the Ganges---Women Doctors in the Far East

CHAPTER XXXIV.

Macedonia and Thrace---Moslem Exiles---Tobacco of Great Price---Starvation---Animals with Personality---Revolutions---Earthquakes and the Evil Eye

CHAPTER XXXV.

Practical Application of the Hippocratic Oath---Pioneer Nursing in Ancient Lands---Holy Men of Athos---Exclusion of Hens and Hen-Medics

CHAPTER XXXVI.

Saving Yedi Koule Hospital---A Prince out of Time---Armenian Dispersion---Confusion of Tongues---Refugee Nurses

CHAPTER XXXVII.

A New Social Deal---Quality at Low Cost---A Modern Agora---The Seat of Xerxes


Chapter One