May 7th, 8th, and 9th.
For details See Page 00
The brief valedictory which we wrote in "old 21," about a year ago, for the final Field Service Bulletin issued in France, opened with these words:
"The main object which the old Field Service tried to achieve was to interpret France to America and America to France, especially to spread abroad through the States a knowledge of what France is and has done and means, and to help other Americans to feel and appreciate what we have felt and appreciated during these prodigious years. This effort will not end with the war. The several thousand of us who volunteered for France during the war, will rededicate ourselves to the same purpose in the years to come."
The intervening year has abundantly illumined and illustrated this statement. From Maine to Oregon and from Michigan to the Gulf, wherever a member of the Field Service had resided before the war, thither returned from "over there" an ardent champion of France, quick to defend her from any ignorant complaint, and keen to expatiate upon her manifold virtues. We could have made a very stout edition of this Bulletin, simply by reproducing some of the press and magazine articles written by Field Service men in praise of France, but rather than carry coal to New Castle, we have only excerpted, for the present number, a few paragraphs from letters upon this theme. They indicate but a very small fraction of what Field Service men have been doing during the past year to promote mutual understanding and fraternity of spirit between France and America.
In the course of the period of nearly a year which has elapsed since the last Bulletin was issued, despite the long silence which might have seemed to indicate forgetfulness, those of us who were more especially responsible for the Field Service as an organization, have not been indifferent either to the memories of its past or to its possibilities for the future. In accounting for our stewardship we would report the following steps as having been taken.
First. An office has been maintained at 50 State Street, Boston, which has been much visited by men in this vicinity, which has been a clearing house of information for members and their families and friends, and which has handled an immense and continuing correspondence concerning their interests. In this office there have also been prepared and sent out to donors of ambulances, more than a thousand hand-illumined certificates, portraying with some detail the record of each individual car that was given by the recipient.
Second. A "History of the American Field Service" covering some 1800 pages of text and including hundreds of illustrations has been made ready for the press. The records of the old days have been gone over again and again, and have been sifted, sorted, boiled down and distilled. With the aid of the best Field Service connoisseurs whose interest and time could be enlisted, an effort has been made to preserve in a form, not too dry, the quintessence of the experiences of 1915, 1916, and 1917 in France. Houghton, Mifflin and Co. will place the product on the market early in the summer, and we hope that the men of the Service will find it a not unworthy record of their life and work in France.
Third. Material has been collected also for a "Memorial Volume" to commemorate those who went over with us but who did not come back. It is not perhaps generally realized, but more than one hundred and twenty of our comrades gave all that they had or could hope for in the War, and as a tribute to them and to the spirit in which they gave themselves to the Cause, and in order that the sacrifice which these young Americans and their families made, may have an enduring influence upon this generation and upon those to come after, we are preserving the story of each man with his portrait in this special volume. The composition of this work, involving much correspondence as well as most careful attention, will probably not be completed before the end of the summer.
Fourth. Two other memorials have been arranged for---a tablet to be placed in the American Church of the Holy Trinity in Paris, which according to present plans, is to become a War-Memorial Church in France for Americans of every creed,---and a tablet to be placed in the wall at 21 rue Raynouard, as explained elsewhere in the Bulletin.
Fifth. Looking toward the future, a committee of Field Service members in Paris has been organized to consider plans for a Field Service center in France---not of course a spacious mansion and estate like "old 21," which it would be quite out of the question to hope for, but a place which, however modest, will be distinctively ours.
Sixth. Much thought and many interviews have also been directed to the possibility of establishing a meeting place in New York, some suggestions concerning which are presented in succeeding pages of the Bulletin, and all of which will be thoroughly discussed at the Field Service Reunion in May.
Seventh, and finally, a great plan has been formulated which will allow us all to be associated in further effort for France in the unknown years to come, a plan which at one and the same time will provide an individual memorial for every one of our comrades who gave his life in the War, will furnish a perpetual impetus to mutual understanding and good-will between France and America, and will make of the Field Service a living factor that will continue to count in the world long after all of us are gone.
We may have enlisted with the French Army for only a limited period, but we enlisted in the Field Service and in the service of France for life. The realization and success of all these plans for the future relation of the Service to France depend upon the fulfillment of this enlistment on the part of each and all of us. Let every man who possibly can, attend the reunion. Let him get assigned, as in the old days, to a car, and study the route which the convoy is to follow. Then when the whistle blows:
"Crank the voitures up, my boys!
A. P. A.
You will regret,
If you don't get
To the reunion.
Between April, 1915, when the Field Service contributed to the French Army its first complete units of cars and men, and the autumn of 1917, it had become the largest volunteer organization serving at the front, as well as the largest volunteer academic effort of the war, two thousand of its members representing more than a hundred American colleges and universities. The practical facts that its ambulances carried over half a million men, and its camions more ammunition for the French Army than was actually used by the A. E. F. during the war, is satisfaction enough to those who shared in making the Service; but beyond these statistics it accomplished one other thing we had all especially hoped for. From the first days it brought France the assurance that in practically every large educational institution, and in every State in America, there was loyalty to her cause. The knowledge that these men had chosen to serve her without thought of reward, spending often their small savings for the privilege, established a relation which has survived many trials. That friendship, confidentially offered and accepted, faces now the real rest of its endurance. Our war days had all the stimulus of national generosity and co-operation. Today, without that spirit, and with so many forces willing to destroy such values as still exist, both energy and ingenuity are needed to preserve what the Field Service created by the strength of its idealism, and consecrated by the lives of more than a hundred and twenty of its members. During four years of constant and intimate relation with France, we gained such knowledge of her worth that an injustice to her only stimulates our loyalty; but unless we are capable of something more practical than sentiment in the matter, we have little right to the laurels she gave us, as much in tribute to our fidelity as to any courage they may represent. Realizing what we owe to our war experience, most of us would like to feel that rather than to get further profit from France, we might still, somehow, share with her, our best ability. So for us it is not a question of whether to serve, but how to do so.
Aside from all thought of friendly obligation, as much value to this country as to France obviously lies in our using every asset we have toward mutual understanding, political and economic. With advantages of education, and years of close contact under many conditions and in many parts of France, we should surely be able to turn our energy to some practical effort. The realization of our possible use in such a direction has meant deliberate and careful consideration as to our future. Various means have suggested themselves, which were at first attractive by their intimate and sympathetic purpose, but nearly all proved unsatisfying in analysis, because they were neither so permanent nor so far-reaching as the standard of our past record and present power justified.
During the year since our demobilization, we have consulted with the French Ministry of War, the heads of various other departments in France, and with individuals whose position and experience qualified the worth of their judgment, both there and in this country. The consensus of opinion was that our effort be academic, and for the establishment of scholarships between French and American universities. Inasmuch as the personnel of the Field Service consisted so largely of men chosen for their character and standing in colleges and universities here, it seemed especially qualified, in all sections of the country, to use its energy and influence in the accomplishment of such an aim.
On returning to America last summer, we found that an association had already been formed for American Fellowships in French Universities. Founded and sponsored by Mr. Myron Herrick, formerly Ambassador to France, Mr. Charles A. Coffin, and others, it had among its trustees and on its Advisory Board, a number of distinguished citizens, both civic and academic, representing many sections of the United States. The details of its administration had been most carefully prepared, and the organization was in every way too well-established for us to consider duplication. Almost immediately, however, Mr. Herrick advised us that having heard of our interest in a similar project, his committee would be glad to confer with us in regard to a possible alliance. At this conference it was explained by our trustees that they felt that the time and the way in which the members of the Field Service had done their part, justified the perpetuation of their identity, as well as their powers of administration, in whatever their future effort might be. The response of Mr. Herrick and his associates was perhaps as broad a tribute as our Service has received. They not only expressed understanding and approval of our viewpoint, but out of respect for the achievement of the Field Service they offered to give up their own identity, and rename the whole organization the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities, to include the trustees of the Field Service on their Board, and to entrust to our Service responsibility in the administration of the work, and in the selection of fellows, etc. They offered, moreover, to give us the benefit of their influence and co-operation wherever possible.
Obviously this generosity involves very much more for us than the compliment. It is a challenge to our pride and resource. But with so strong an alliance, and with all our own American affiliations, in addition to our record in France, to build upon, there is solid enough basis for the work.
The intention is ultimately to establish at least a hundred and twenty permanent annual fellowships to be named after members of the Field Service who died in the war. This will necessitate the raising of a large sum---in addition to the amount we had remaining in our own fund after all specific obligations bad been fulfilled. To raise money even in war days was not always easy, and to do so now will be less so. Present circumstances, however, offer us a unique chance, not only to build a lasting memorial to our comrades who gave all that they had to our cause, but also to help perpetuate among future generations of French and American youth that mutual understanding and fraternal spirit which so completely characterized their relations in old Field Service days. Inevitably, as time passes, some percentage of these chosen men, returning home with knowledge of the truth about France, will be inspired to express, by literature, journalism, and teaching something of that same light that has survived for us the trials of both war and materialism.
H. D. S.
His Excellency, the Ambassador of France, Monsieur Jules J. Jusserand, has expressed his cordial and grateful endorsement of the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities, and in writing of the plan, says that "to perpetuate the memory of such great deeds, ending by the supreme sacrifice, is a noble idea, the success of which will be desired by any one with a true American or a true French heart."
Another friend of the Service, a distinguished American, upon hearing of the plan, wrote: "There has been such a definite re-action toward provincialism since the return of our troops that I earnestly hope that every effort will be made to perpetuate the kindly interest and the will to believe with which the war began. The only possibility of permanent sympathy is through the higher intellectual channels. The best will always understand the best, and this agreement at the top can remain as a lasting bond of friendship through the years to come."
It has long been felt that advanced students have not availed themselves of the great advantages offered in every field of study by the French universities, partly because these have not sufficiently been brought to their attention. In order to readjust the balance, which for various reasons long inclined in this country in favor of German universities, it is proposed to encourage the development of a body of university scholars who by personal acquaintance with French achievements will be in a position to restore in all branches of American public opinion the just status of French science and learning, and a better appreciation of the place of France in the leadership of the world. The opportunities afforded in the French universities in all branches of learning are described in a volume entitled "Science and Learning in France," issued in 1917 with the collaboration of one hundred American scholars, by the Society for American Fellowships in French Universities. Copies of this book were in 1917 sent to the libraries of every college in the United States.
The American Field Service Fellowships have been established with this object in view. While it is planned by this direct method to secure among American scholars a better appreciation of the contributions of the French universities to science and learning, it is also hoped that through such fellowships the peoples of the world who cherish the same ideals of democracy, justice, and liberty will be helped to know one another better, to understand and appreciate more fully one another's character and aims, to seek larger benefits from one another's labors and achievements in various fields of human activity, and more and more to co-operate in the realization of their common hopes and ambitions. The French people, during the war, won our warm admiration for their spirit, their devotion to high ideals, their strength of character and their efficiency. The people of the United States should know them better in the future, should strengthen the bonds of friendship between the two nations, and increase their co-operation in the advancement of civilization according to their common ideals.
The successful candidates may pursue their special studies in any of the leading universities of France. A candidate to be eligible must be a citizen of the United States or of one of the United States' possessions; must be of good moral character and intellectual ability; must be between the ages of twenty and thirty; must be a graduate of a college of recognized standing, or of a professional school requiring three years of study for a degree; or, if not qualified in either of these ways, must be twenty-four years of age and have spent five years in work requiring like technical skill.
The fellowships will be offered in more than thirty subjects, and will be available for study in sixteen or more university centres throughout France, where many of the leading men in advanced fields of study are to be found. A circular giving in detail the purpose, scope, and conditions of award is now in preparation, and will be ready for distribution at the time of the Field Service meeting next month.
The Field Service men, who gave all that they had or could hope for in the war, and whose memory and influence it is hoped that we may be able to perpetuate by securing endowments, named in their honor, for commemorative fellowships (either for American students in French universities, or for French students in American universities) are the following:
Anderson, Chales Patrick (T. M. U. 133-526), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aerial combat, near Conflans, France, September 16, 1918. Age, 22.
Aupperle, Harold Vincent (S. S. U. 10), Member of Red Cross Mission to Serbia. Died of typhus fever, Serbia, June 14, 1919.Age, 24.
Avard, Percy Leo (S. S. U. 1), U. S. Navy. Died of pneumonia in Naval Hospital, Charleston, S. C., March 26, 1918. Age, 32
Bacon, Charles (T. M. U. 184), U. S. Artillery. Killed in action, near Samogneaux Verdun Sector, October 24, 1918. Age, 22.
Baer, Carlos Willard (T. M. U. 184), U. S. Engineers. Died of pneumonia, Columbus, Ohio, April 6, 1918. Age, 25.
Bailey, Kenneth Armour (S. S. U. 70-18), U. S. Field Artillery. Killed in action in the Argonne, October 9, 1918. Age, 22.
Balbiani, Roger Marie Louis (S. S. U. 1), French Aviation. Killed in action, June, 1918. Age, 30.
Banks, Richard Varian (T. M. U. 526), U. S. Aviation. Killed in motor truck accident, near Nancy, France, October 30, 1918. Age, 24.
Barclay, Leif Norman (S. S. U. 2), French Aviation. Killed in aerial combat at Chaux, near Belfort, France, June 1, 1917. Age, 20.
Barker, Robert Harris (T. M. U. 184), U. S. Infantry. Killed in action, in the Marne counter-offensive, August 10, 1918. Age, 24.
Baylies, Frank Leaman (S. S. U. 1-3), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aerial combat, region of Onvilliers-Rollet, France, June 17, 1918. Age, 22.
Beane, James Dudley (S. S. U. 9), U. S. Aviation. Killed in action, near Bantheville, France, October 30, 1918. Age, 22.
Benney, Philip Phillips (S. S. U. 12), French Aviation. Killed in aerial combat, near Verdun, France, January 26, 1918. Age, 22.
Benson, Merrill Manning (T. M. U. 526), U. S. M. T. C. Died while en route to the United States, October 17, 1918. Age, 22.
Bentley, Paul Cody (S. S. U. 65), Volunteer ambulance driver. Died of wounds, front line hospital, September 16, 1917. Age, 22.
Bigelow, Donald Asa (S. S. U. 17), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident near Paris, June 3, 1918. Age, 20.
Bliss, Addison Leech. Died of pneumonia. American Hospital, Neuilly, France, February 22, 1917. Age, 24.
Blodgett, Richard Ashley (T. M. U. 526), U. S. Aviation. Killed in action, near Lagney, France, May 17, 1918. Age, 21.
Bluethenthal, Arthur (S. S. U. 3), U. S. Naval Aviation. Killed in aerial combat, at Coivrel, France, June 5, 1918. Age, 26.
Boyer, Wilbur LeRoy (S. S. U. 4), U. S. Tank Corps. Died of pneumonia, Washington, D. C., October 19, 1918. Age, 24.
Brickley, Arthur Joseph (S. S. U. 71-32), U. S. A. A. S. with the French Army, Died of pneumonia, Appilly, Oise, France, December 9, 1918. Age, 24.
Brown, James Snodgrass (S. S. U. 71), U. S. A. A. S. with the French Army. Died from the effects of gas, U. S. Embarkation Hospital No. 1, April 26, 1919. Age, 26.
Brown, Stafford Leighton (S. S. U. 17-19), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident, near Nantes, France, September 28, 1918. Age, 22.
Bruce, Alexander Bern (T. M. U. 526), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane collision, Fère en Tardenois on Fismes front, France, August 17, 1918. Age, 24.
Buckler, Leon Hamlink (S. S. U. 4), U. S. A. A. S. with the French Army. Died of pneumonia, Urbes, Alsace, September 23, 1918. Age 24.
Burr, Carlton (S. S. U. 2-9), U. S. Marine Corps. Killed in action, near Soissons, France, July 19, 1918. Age, 26.
Burton, Benjamin Howell, Jr., (T. M. U. 133), U. S. F. A. Died at Toul, France, September 18, 1918.
Carkener, Stuart, 2d (T. M. U. 133), U. S. Field Artillery. Killed in action, near Ronchères, France, July 30, 1918. Age, 21.
Clark, Coleman Tileston (S. S. U. 3), French Artillery. Died of wounds, Fontenoy, Aisne, France, May 29, 1918. Age, 22.
Clover, Greayer (T. M. U. 133), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident, Romorantin, France, August 30, 1918. Age, 21.
Conover, Richard Steven. 2d (T. M. U. 526), U. S. Infantry. Killed in action, Cantigny, France, May 27, 1918. Age, 20.
Craig, Harmon Bushnell (S. S. U. 2). Volunteer ambulance driver. Killed in service, Dombasle, Verdun Sector, July 15, 1917. Age, 21.
Craig, Harry Worthington (S. S. U. 12), U. S. Aviation. Killed in action, August 20, 1918. Age 22.
Culbertson, Tingle Woods (S. S. U. 1), U. S. Infantry. Killed in action. near Nantillois, Meuse, France, October 4., 1918, Age, 30.
Cumings, Henry Harrison, 3d (T. M.U. 526). Drowned on Transport Antilles, October 17. 1917. Age, 20.
Davison. Alden (S. S. U. 8), U. S. Aviation. Killed while training, Fort Worth, Texas, December 26, 1917. Age, 22.
Dix, Roger Sherman, Jr. (S. S. U. 1), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident, Le Crotoy, Somme, France, May 15, 1918. Age, 22.
Donahue, Leon Henton, U. S. A. A. S. with the French Army. Died of pneumonia, Clermont-Ferrand, France. October 12, 1918. Age, 22.
Dowd, Meredith Loveland (S. S. U. 1), U. S. Aviation. Killed in action, North of Verdun, October 26, 1918. Age, 23.
Dresser, George Eaton (T. M. U. 526), U. S. Tank Corps. Killed in action, Vauquois Woods, France. September 27, 1918. Age, 19.
Dresser, Stephen Raymond (S. S. U. 2), U. S. A. A. S. with the French Army. Died in Paris, March 19, 1919. Age, 20.
Dubouchet, Vivian (S. S. U. 2-Vos. Det.), U. S. Infantry. Died of wounds, Paris, May 10, 1918. Age, 20.
Edwards, George Lane, Jr. (T. M. U. 133-211), U. S. M. T. C. Killed in action, near Berry an Bac, France, October 24, 1918. Age, 22.
Elliott, William Armstrong (T. M. U. 133), Civilian, Engineering Department, U. S. Air Service. Died of typhoid at Pauillac, Gironde, France, September 4, 1918. Age, 22.
Ellis, Clayton Carey (S. S. U. 28), U. S. A. A. S. with the French Army. Killed in action, Reims Sector, August 7, 1918. Age, 22.
Emerson, William Key Bond, Jr. (S. S. U. 13-3), U. S. Artillery observer. Killed in action, Toul Sector, May 14, 1918. Age, 24.
Fales, Hugo Wing (T. M. U. 397), U. S. M. T. C. Killed accidentally by shell explosion, Bourges, France, May 2, 1919. Age, 27.
Ferguson, Danforth Brooks (S. S. U. 2), U. S. Artillery. Died of pneumonia, front line hospital, October 20, 1918. Age, 24.
Fiske, Charles Henry, 3d (S. S. U. 3), U. S. Infantry. Killed in action, August 24, 1918. Age, 21.
Forbush, Frederic Moore (S. S. U. 8), U. S. Navy. Died of pneumonia, Philadelphia, Pa., October 6, 1918. Age, 22.
Forman, Horace Baker, 3d (T. M. U. 526), U. S. Aviation. Killed in action, September 14, 1918. Age, 24.
Fowler, Eric Anderson (S. S. U. 4), French Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident at Pau, France, November 26, 1917. Age, 22.
Freeborn, Charles James (S. S. U. 2-Hdqts.), Liaison Officer, U. S. Army, member of American Military Mission at French General Headquarters. Died of pneumonia in Paris, February 13, 1919. Age, 42.
Frutiger, Theodore Raymond (S. S. U. 12), U. S. Tank Corps. Died at Camp Colt, April, 1918.
Gailey, James Wilson (S. S. U. 66), Volunteer ambulance driver. Killed in service, near Chemin des Dames, France, July 29, 1917. Age, 22.
Gilmore, Albert Frank (S. S. U. 16), U. S. Aviation. Died of pneumonia, Issoudun, Indre, France, October 3, 1918. Age, 23.
Giroux, Ernest Armand (T. M. U. 526), U. S. Aviation. Killed in action, near Laventie, France, May 22, 1918. Age, 22.
Glorieux, Gilbert Robertson (S. S U. 9), Field Artillery Training Corps. Died of pneumonia, Camp Zachary Taylor, Louisville, Kentucky, October 13, 1918. Age, 21.
Goodwin, George Waite (S. S. U. 69), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane collision, Chateauroux, Indre, France, July 15, 1918. Age, 23.
Graham, John Ralston (S. S. U. 2), U. S. Infantry. Killed in action, near Soissons, France, July 18, 1918. Age, 27.
Hagan, William Becker (S. S. U. 12), Royal Air Force. Died of pneumonia, while training, Toronto, Canada, May 11, 1918. Age, 20.
Hall, Richard Nelville (S. S. U. 3), Volunteer ambulance driver. Killed in service in the Vosges, December 24, 1915. Age, 21.
Hamilton, Perley Raymond (S. S. U. 66), Volunteer ambulance driver. Killed in service, near Chemin des Dames, July 29, 1917. Age, 24.
Hannah, Fred A. (S. S. U. 17), U. S. A. A. S. with the French Army. Killed in air raid, Deuxnouds-aux-Bois, France, September 20, 1918. Age, 33.
Harrison, Waller Lisle, Jr. (S. S. U. 12-3), U. S. Aviation. Killed in accident while training, near Issoudun, Indre, France, October 2, 1918. Age, 22.
Hathaway, Edward Trafton (S. S. U. 17), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident, June 25, 1918. Age, 25.
Hill, Stanley (S. S. U. 28), U. S. A. A. S. with the French Army. Died of wounds, La Veuve, France, August 14, 1918. Age, 21.
Hobbs, Warren Tucker (T. M. U. 526), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aerial combat, June 26, 1918. Age, 23.
Holbrook, Newberry (S. S. U. 32), U. S. A. A. S. with the French Army. Died of peritonitis, Essay near Nancy, France, February 17, 1918. Age, 28.
Hollister, George Merrick (S. S. U. 3), U. S. Infantry. Killed in action in the Bois de Forêt, near Cunel, France, October 12, 1918. Age, 22.
Hopkins, Charles Alexander (T. M. U. 526-184), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident, while training, Issoudun, Indre, France, January 30, 1918. Age, 22.
Hopkins, Frank, Jr., U. S. A. A. S. with the French Army. Died of heart trouble in General Hospital, Fort Ontario, June 5, 1919. Age, 31.
Houston, Henry Howard, 2d (S. S. U. 12-T. M. U. 133), U. S. Artillery. Killed in action, August 18, 1918. Age, 23.
Humanson, Howard Crosby (T. M. U. 184), U. S. Aviation. Died of pneumonia, Camp Dick, Dallas, Texas, October 21, 1918. Age, 27.
Illich, Jerry Thomas (S. S. U. 3), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident, Toul, France, April 7, 1919. Age, 25.
Jopling, Richard Mather, U. S. A. A. S. with the French Army. Died in London, England, March 16, 1919. Age, 24.
Kelley, Edward Joseph (S. S. U. 4), Volunteer ambulance driver. Killed in service, Marre, Verdun Sector, September 23, 1916. Age, 27.
Kendall, Charles Benjamin (S. S. U. 70-16), U. S. Infantry. Died of pneumonia, Base hospital, No. 53, France, February 15, 1919. Age, 21.
Kent, Warren Thompson (T. M. U. 251), U. S. Aviation. Killed in action, near Thiaucourt, France, September 7, 1918. Age, 24.
Kimber, Arthur Clifford (S. S. U. 14), U. S. Aviation. Killed in Sedan offensive, near Bantheville, France, September 26, 1918. Age, 22.
King, Gerald Colman (S. S. U. 8). Died of pneumonia, New York, Sept. 27, 1917. Age, 38.
Kurtz, Paul Borda (S. S. U. 1-18), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident, near Toul, France, May 22, 1918. Age, 23.
Leach, Ernest Hunnewell (S. S. U. 18), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident while training, January 21, 1918. Age, 22.
Lee, Schuyler (T. M. U. 526), French Aviation. Killed in action, east of Montdidier, France, April 12, 1918. Age, 19.
Lewis, Stevenson Paul (S. S. U. 17), U. S. Artillery. Killed in action, near Verdun, France, October 31, 1918. Age, 25.
Lindsley, Paul Warren (T. M. U. 184), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident at Instruction Center, Issoudun, Indre, France, October 5, 1918. Age, 21.
Lines, Howard Burchard (S. S. U. 1-8), Volunteer ambulance driver. Died of pneumonia, La Grange-aux-Bois, France, December 24, 1916. Age, 25.
Mackenzie, Gordon Kenneth (S. S. U. 10-2), U. S. A. A. S. with the French Army. Died of wounds, Beauvais, Oise, France, June 14, 1918. Age, 30.
MacMonagle, Douglas (S. S. U. 3-8), French Aviation. Killed in aerial combat, near Verdun, Forêt de Hesse, France, September 24, 1918. Age, 25.
McConnell, James Rogers (S. S. U. 2), French Aviation. Killed in aerial combat, near Ham, France, March 19, 1917. Age, 28.
Meacham, Robert Douglas (S. S. U. 16), U. S. Aviation. Died of pneumonia, Louisville, Kentucky, December 14, 1917. Age, 33.
Miller, Walter Bernard (Vosges Detachment), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aerial combat over the front, August 3, 1918. Age, 25.
Myers, Arthur (S. S. U. 15), Volunteer ambulance driver. Died as result of shell shock, New York, July, 1917. Age, 30.
Newlin, John Verplank (S. S. U. 29), Volunteer ambulance driver. Killed in service, Montzéville, France, August 5, 1917. Age, 19.
Nichols, Alan Hammond (S. S. U. 14). French Aviation. Killed in aerial combat, Compiègne, France, June 1, 1918. Age, 21.
Norton, George Frederick (S. S. U. 1), Volunteer ambulance driver. Killed in air raid, near Ludes, Champagne Sector, France, July 12, 1917. Age, 41.
Osborn, Paul Gannett (S. S. S. U. 28), Volunteer ambulance driver. Killed in service, Champagne Sector, France, June 26, 1917. Age, 22.
Palmer, Henry Brewster (S. S. U. 3), French Aviation. Died of pneumonia, Pau, France, November 13, 1917. Age, 29.
Porter, Albert Augustus, Volunteer ambulance driver. Died of pneumonia, Paris, France, April 25, 1917. Age, 20.
Potter, William Clarkson (S. S. U. 1), U. S. Aviation. Killed in action, October 10, 1918. Age, 22.
Rhinelander, Philip Newbold (S. S. U. 9-10), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aerial combat, south of Longuyon, France, September 26, 1918. Age, 23.
Robertson, Malcolm Troop (S. S. U.1), U. S. Infantry. Liaison work. Killed in action, July 30, 1918. Age, 23.
Rogers, Randolph (S. S. U. 8), U. S. Infantry. Killed in action, near Connigis, France, July 15, 1918. Age, 22.
Root, George Welles (T. M. U. 526), U. S. Tank Corps. Died of pneumonia, Salisbury Court, England, December 25, 1918. Age, 22.
Sambrook, Walter Laidlaw (T. M. U. 397), U. S. M. T. C. Died of pneumonia, Paris, France, September 6, 1918, Age, 24.
Sargeant, Grandville LeMoyne (S. S. U. 16), U. S. Aviation. Died of pneumonia, Pittsburgh, Pa., April 16, 1918. Age, 21.
Sortwell, Edward Carter (S. S. U. 8-3), Volunteer ambulance driver. Killed in motor accident, Salonica, November 11, 1916. Age, 28.
Stewart, Gordon (S, S. U. 18), U. S. Aviation, Died of meningitis, near Tour, France, January 9, 1918. Age, 21.
Suckley, Henry Eglinton Montgomery (S. S. U. 3-10), Volunteer ambulance officer. Killed in air raid, Zemlack, Albania, March 19, 1917. Age, 29.
Taber, Arthur Richmond (S. S. U. 4), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident, October, 1918. Age, 25.
Tabler, Kramer Core (T. M. U. 184), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident, May 16, 1919. Age, 24.
Taylor, William Henry, Jr. (T. M. U. 526), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aerial combat, near St. Mihiel, September 18, 1918. Age, 19.
Tinkham, Edward Illsley, ( S. S. U. 3-4 and T. M. U. 526), U. S. Naval Aviation. Died of meningitis, Ravenna, Italy, March 30, 1919. Age, 25.
Tutein, Chester Robinson (T. M. U. 526), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident, November 17, 1918. Age, 23.
Tyson, Stuart Mitchell Stephen (S. S. U. 1), U. S. Aviation, Killed in aerial combat, near Chateau-Thierry, July 19, 1918. Age, 19.
Wallace, William Noble (S. S. U. 1), U. S. Marine Corps. Killed in action, near St. Etienne, Champagne, France, October 9, 1918. Age, 23.
Ward, Galbraith (Vosges Detachment), U. S. Infantry. Died of pneumonia, Chateau Vilain, France, December 17, 1918. Age, 26.
Ware, Edward Newell, Jr.( S. S. U. 13), U. S. A. A. S. with the French Army, With Hoover Commission after Armistice. Died of smallpox, Bucharest, Roumania, May, 1919. Age, 26.
Warner, Goodwin (T. M. U. 184-133), U. S. M. T. C. Died of pneumonia, Meaux, France, June 28, 1918. Age, 31.
Watkins, Osric Mills (Headquarters) U. S. Aviation. Died of pneumonia, Bar-le-Duc, France, October 23, 1918. Age, 21,
Westcott, John Howell, Jr. (S. S. U. 9), U. S. Infantry. Killed in action, near Cambrai, France, September 29, 1918. Age, 22.
Whyte, William Jewell (T. M. U. 526), U. S. Aviation. Killed in aeroplane accident, Cazana, France, March 20, 1918. Age, 21.
Winsor, Philip (S. S. U. 4), U. S. A. A. S. with the French Army. Died of pneumonia, Bussang, France, October 24, 1918. Age, 25.
Woodward, Houston (S. S. U. 13), French Aviation. Killed in aerial combat in the Somme, France, April 1, 1918. Age, 23.
Woodworth, Benjamin Russell (S. S. U. 1), Volunteer ambulance driver. Killed in aeroplane accident, near La Grange aux Bois, June 15, 1917. Age, 30.
Wright, Jack Morris (T. M. U. 526), U. S. Aviation. Killed in training, France, January 24, 1918. Age, 19.
These men belonged to the following sections:
|Section One||14||Section Twenty-nine||1|
|Section Two||10||Section Thirty-two||2|
|Section Three||14||Section Sixty-five||1|
|Section Four||7||Section Sixty-six||2|
|Section Eight||7||Section Sixty-nine||1|
|Section Nine||5||Section Seventy||2|
|Section Ten||4||Section Seventy-one||2|
|Section Twelve||6||Vosges Detachment||3|
|Section Thirteen||3||T. M. U. 133||8|
|Section Fourteen||2||T. M. U. 184||8|
|Section Fifteen||1||T. M. U. 211||1|
|Section Sixteen||4||T. M. U. 251||1|
|Section Seventeen||5||T. M. U. 397||2|
|Section Eighteen||4||T. M. U. 526||19|
They were graduates or students of the following universities:
|Harvard||21||Rhode Island State||1|
|Leland Stanford||4||Stevens Tech.||1|
|Mass. Inst. Tech,||3||Temple||1|
|Northwestern||1||University of California||4|
|University of Illinois||2||University of Wisconsin||3|
|University of Chicago||1||Virginia Mil. Inst.||1|
|University of Miami||1||Wash. and Jeff.||1|
|University of Virginia||1||Williams||1|
|University of Penn.||2||Yale||10|
They represented the following communities:
The first annual reunion of the whole Service will be held in New York on May 7th, 8th, and 9th. Preliminary notices have already been sent to every man on the lists, but a great many of the addresses were old and a large number of the notices have come back undelivered. The final notice is enclosed with this issue of the Bulletin, and it is hoped that, if any reader of these lines knows of a Field Service man who has not been notified about the reunion, he will make it his personal duty to tell him about it and to urge him to attend. Every one should make a special effort to get to New York for this occasion. Men from all parts of the country have signified their intention to come. It will be the best possible chance to meet old copains, to revive old memories, to get in touch again with the old Field Service. Besides, many things are being arranged which will make the reunion a memorable event.
A "Sacred Concert and Vaudeville" by Field Service talent has been planned for Friday night, May 7th. A sketch dealing with the old life "over there" has been written and will be presented by famous Field Service artists, under the direction of Jerome Preston, S. S. U. 15; and in addition there will be monologues and music by section celebrities known everywhere along the front from Dunkerque to Belfort, and moving pictures of our old ambulances and camions at work. You will actually see yourselves again in the old haunts, in the midst of the good old poilus.
Saturday morning there will be a Business Meeting at the Hotel Pennsylvania, Seventh Avenue and 32d Street. Important announcements will be made, and committees and plans for future activities decided upon, It is essential that every Section of the Service, and every part of the country, be represented at this meeting, if the Field Service is to continue as an organization with active functions in America and France.
Saturday noon has been reserved for Section luncheons. One man in each section has already been written to and asked to get in touch with the men in his section and arrange the details. The Committee in New York stands ready to help in making arrangements for these section reunions in every way possible. Many of them will be held in different rooms of the same hotel so that you can visit about among other sections than your own. William H. Wallace (S. S. U. 4-28), 20 West 40th St., is the representative of the New York Committee especially charged with assisting section representatives to arrange the luncheons. Write to him if in doubt or in need of information. There will be nothing formal about these smaller more intimate gatherings. Every man should write his section representative at once, letting him know that he is coming and giving him suggestions and ideas. In order to expedite arrangements the following section representatives have been appointed to look after these luncheons:
|Sec. 1.||W. Yorke Stevenson, Racquet Club, Philadelphia, Pa.|
|Sec. 2.||John E. Boit, 19 Colchester St., Brookline, Mass.|
|Sec. 3.||Preston Lockwood, care of Dr. Doble, 545 West 111th St., New York.|
|Sec. 4.||Wm. DeF. Bigelow, 19 Milk St., Boston, Mass.|
|Sec. 8.||Austin Mason, care of Mass. Mohair Plush Co., 120 Franklin St., Boston.|
|Sec. 9.||Edwin H. English, 186 Edwards St., New Haven, Conn.|
|Sec. 10.||Carl A. Randau, 106 West 73d St., New York.|
|Sec. 12.||Hugh Kelleher, care of Trinity Trucking Co., 224 Pearl St., New York.|
|Sec. 13.||Philip K. Potter, Harvard Club, West 44th St., New York.|
|Sec. 14.||Arch. Dudgeon, 969 Park Ave., New York.|
|Sec. 15.||Dominic Rich, 31 Holyoke St., Cambridge, Mass.|
|Sec. 17.||Basil K. Neftel, care of Abbot-Downing Truck & Body Co., Concord, N. H.|
|Sec. 18.||Angus Frantz, Princeton, N. J.|
|Sec. 19.||Bertram F. Willcox, 28 Winthrop Hall, Cambridge, Mass.|
|Sec. 27.||Lars Potter, 60 Irving Place, Buffalo, N. Y.|
|Sec. 28.||Wm. H. Wallace, Jr., 15 Broad St., N. Y.|
|Sec. 29.||Townsend Martin, care of Metropolitan Trust Co., 60 Wall St., N. Y.|
|Sec. 30.||A. E. MacDougall, Maple St., Flushing, L. I., N. Y.|
|Sec. 31.||Douglas F. Woolley, 850 Park Ave., New York.|
|Sec. 32.||G. H. Barrett, care of A. Hicks Lawrence, 10 Wall St., New York.|
|Sec. 33.||Gordon Ware, Pomfret School, Pomfret, Conn.|
|Sec. 64.||Lloyd Kitchell, 40 Wall St., New York.|
|Sec. 65.||J. M. Sponagle, 9 Warner St., Gloucester, Mass.|
|Sec. 66.||John S. Halliday, Lincoln Road, Englewood, N. J.|
|Sec. 67.||Leroy S. Harding, 390 West End Ave., New York.|
|Sec. 68.||Fredrus L. Baldwin, 605 West 156th St., New York.|
|Sec. 69.||Allan Butler, 69 West 85th St., New York.|
|Sec. 70.||A. J. Putnam, Middlesex School, Concord, Mass.|
|Sec. 71.||H. G. Crosby, 93 Beacon St., Boston.|
|Sec. 72.||John H. Woolverton, 170 West 59th St., New York.|
|T. M. U. 133.||E. H. Adriance, Ridgefield School, Ridgefield, Conn.|
|T. M. U. 184.||B. G. Dawes, care of Cornplanter Products Co., Warren, Pa.|
|T. M. U. 397.||T. H. Dougherty, 104 South 5th St., Philadelphia, Penn.|
|T. M. U. 526.||F. J. Daly, 30 Day Hall, Andover, Mass.|
The big Reunion dinner (we dare not say banquet) will be held at the Hotel Pennsylvania on Saturday night. Colonel Andrew will preside: Ambassador Jusserand, ex-Ambassador Herrick, Mr. Charles A. Coffin, and others will speak; there will be an orchestra to play the marches and songs we used to know in France. There will be some good voices, and plenty of chance for every man to air his own voice! Entre nous, a famous Parisian "diseuse" has also consented to perform, and probably the pride of France's sporting world will attend. Altogether a man will miss the time of his life if he is not there.
Remember! Saturday night, seven-thirty, at the Hotel Pennsylvania is the BIG TIME. Go to it!
Sunday morning, at 11 o'clock, there will be a service in commemoration of our hundred and twenty comrades who gave their lives in the War, at St. Thomas's Church, Fifth Ave., and 53d Street, with Dr. Ernest Stires officiating. This is the most beautiful and impressive church in New York, and it is one of the few times that its regular Sunday morning service has been dedicated to a special service of any description. Every one who comes to the Reunion will want to share in this tribute of memory and honor to the fellows who were left behind when we came back.
For those who wish it, the Committee will reserve accommodations at the Hotel Pennsylvania at a price not exceeding $4.00 per day. This must be done at least ten days in advance. It is urged that every one respond promptly to the enclosed notice, and send in their checks at once. The Committee has a large and hard job on its hands , and time and money are needed to make the Reunion the success it must be. It is up to you to do your share, and do it promptly.
Joseph R. Greenwood (S. S. U. 8),
Chairman, 210 Riverside Drive, New York
G. Hinman Barrett (S. S. U. 32)
Archibald Dudgeon (S. S. U. 14)
Jefferson B. Fletcher (S. S. U. 4 and 29)
Preston Lockwood (S. S. U. 3)
William H. Wallace (S. S. U. 4 and 28)
The idea of it began with the first intimations of the coming of an American Army to France, there being the fear, that under such conditions the volunteer days might be lost sight of---forgotten. So when the old Service was taken over by the U. S. Army---though never to be swallowed up by it---the plan of some such complete story about it was firmly established in the minds of the Field Service chiefs and men. It was felt that something tangible must be preserved between book covers of those three strenuous years. Too much of value in friendships, experiences, and appreciation of France and her people had come to us to be lost merely through neglect to forge a key to the strong-box of remembering. That was the primary object of the planned book, to have something with which each ambulancier or camioneur might unlock the store of his memories, and so live over some of the Great Days.
It was clear that no one man could write such a book. It had of necessity to be a mosaic of colored fragments from many sources---the work of a multitude of keenly interested hearts and hands. The value of the history would lie in its reality---in its being alive and true---and only as its expression sprang from the individuals who have lived it, could that crowded existence be adequately formulated. Stories of the sections were sought. Each section was asked to have some of its members send in sketches and diaries as well as more formal histories. The response was for the most part enthusiastic---though far from immediate, for in many cases it required months of downright nagging to secure the desired data. Gradually, however, the mass of material grew and the scope of the work widened. The form of the book was evolved---that it should be as definitive and complete and accurate as the sincerest effort could make it. So the History developed to its present proportions.
The History of the American Field Service stands today as a work in three volumes, illustrated with photographs, original drawings, colored reproductions of paintings, and comprehensive maps. The introductory matter tells of the conception, formation, and expansion of the Service, with its purpose and the difficulties of achievement. Then follows the story of each ambulance section---told in all possible variety of forms. The stories are concluded with summaries of the work under the United States Army, so that the history of each section is complete from the moment of its formation to the return from the front. The camion sections are treated in much the same way, although where the sections worked in such close-knit groups it seemed advisable to compress the material somewhat---though with no loss of completeness or accuracy. A portion of the book is devoted to the haunts and friends of the Service. This gives a picture of Rue Raynouard in all its aspects, of May and Meaux, and of the parc at Billancourt, as well as telling of the French officers who shared in the work of the sections and gave such comradeship to their men. There follows a collection of sketches---grave and gay---and poems, of light or serious intent. These have been chosen in an attempt to catch all the varying viewpoints and lights and shades of the Service. To complete the work there are appendices which give a final roll of honor of our dead, a roster of members with their subsequent services, a list of cars and their donors, schedules of commissions received and French organizations served, a glossary of French terms, and a bibliography of literature concerning the Service.
If the History has been long in preparation and slow in appearing, it was because accuracy and finality were felt to be of the primary importance. The book was never intended to be a war book in the popular sense---or a "best seller." It is a book ---if the labors of all those who have shared in its making achieve any success---that will be of permanent worth, and of unfading interest to every man whose life at all touched the Field Service during the War, and to those who shared in the idealism which led to the founding of that first volunteer service in France.
J. W. D. S.
"The History of the American Field Service. As told by its members. Three volumes. Houghton, Mifflin Company, Boston. Price, $10.00. (To be published in June, 1920).
It is intended to follow the publication of the History of the American Field Service by a fourth volume of the same general form, containing the portrait and a brief record of the life and death of each of the one hundred and twenty-six Field Service men who died or were killed in service during the war. For several months data for this volume has been collecting, and it is hoped that the book may be completed and published before the end of the summer.
|O le bon pinard, 1915-1918!
O la bonne brut imperial, 1916!
O la bonne eau fraise, 1920!
A la reunion!
A little over a year ago, many of us were looking forward with considerable zest, if often with uncertainty of means, to reestablishing ourselves in our own country. During the final days in France we were still near enough to the generous deeds of those with whom we had served to feel their warmth, and moreover, in perspective then we saw our own country as we had left it, wholly aroused to a fine purpose. Even the least sentimental among us remembered the sum of goodwill and God-speed which had been his on leaving America, and so, with perhaps more confidence than analysis, believed that in returning, as atoms of la victoire, there would be many things waiting and worth while to do. A welcome we did find here, but that once spent there was little else we had anticipated. Swift and utter readjustment has been our lot. In regard to material things, necessity has meant for the majority at least a temporary submission to some monotony. A choice of work had to be made, not because it was desirable, but when delay could no longer be afforded. To work without inspiration, and perhaps among strangers, is not stimulating at best, but to have to do so after the purpose and friendships of the past three years takes a more subtle courage than war called for. Restlessness can be controlled, and the days' work done, but we may sometimes be justified in giving articulation to the disappointment most of us feel in our country's present attitude toward its European responsibilities and in the general state of being of America. We see it now with a wholly new sense of proportion---with perfect loyalty, but with lately unaccustomed eyes which not long since have looked upon greater deeds and fewer words than those of the present. As each day brings it's quota of the unexpected, and of many expressions that in war-time would not have been tolerated, the triumph earned by long sacrifice seems effectually hidden. It is disconcerting to see the Treaty, which in some form might have given lasting expression to our hopes, prostituted to politics, and to have to daily hear discredit and untruth about our allies. Whether or not any sense of personal responsibility to disprove such statements stirs the average citizen who went over, by constant challenge to his loyalty, they at least leave him no contentment.
More intimately depressing is it to find that many good and old friends are no longer such a solace as they once were. Emerson says truly: "Never hope to come nearer a man by getting into his house---if unlike, his soul only flies farther from you." In many ways these friends may still be wiser and better than we are---but by the law of compensation, we have reaped something they have not. We may feel this without conceit, knowing that honest respect for all we have learned in France actuates our viewpoint. No doubt if we had not been so lucky as to get across, we might be like the least of those who will never know what they missed. The truth is, we have had something of the best that life can offer. But any superiority which may be ours in the possession can only be proven by the ratio in which we apply it to our present and future responsibilities. At least we can confidently afford to maintain our ideals, for the sound reason that they were built upon the greatest of foundations---reality---and because in the process of their attainment we found what proves, in retrospection, to have been happiness.
H. D. S.
The following cable has appeared in the American press:
Paris, Jan. 8---A company with an imposing title, "Paris Marché du Monde" (Paris Market of the World), has been formed here with a view to centralizing on a gigantic scale for trading firms the means of purchase and sale. It has the support of the Paris municipal council and the French and British Chambers of Commerce. The initial capital is 2,000,000 francs.
An immense in building is to be erected along the Quay de Passy, just beyond the Trocadero, with a frontage of 850 feet and a depth of 600 feet. It will contain 5000 showrooms. Firms are being invited to take options on floor space. When half this has been allotted the company will raise 160,000,000 francs on a mortgage loan. Building will start immediately afterwards and it is estimated that twenty-eight months will suffice to have everything ready.
Paris has been chosen for the enterprise as the geographical centre of Europe.
And a little later came the picture, on the opposite page, of the noble enterprise which is soon to transform and adorn our old parc in Passy.
Shades of Madame de Sévigné! Shades of Voltaire, Rousseau, and Franklin! Shades of the Boulainvilliers and the Delesserts! Shades of American youths who have lived and dreamed in the mysterious old garden! Angels and ministers of grace, defend us!
Upon receipt of the prospectus of this forthcoming transformation, arrangements were undertaken to place a tablet on the wall of "old 21" with this inscription:
Grâce à la générosité de
l'hôtel situé au 21 rue Raynouard et ses dépendances avec son magnifique parc étaient, pendant la Grand Guerre, mis gracieusement à la disposition de
une organisation de plusieurs milliers de volontaires Américains qui servirent comme conducteurs d'ambulances et de camions avec les divisions françaises pendant les années avant l'entrée en guerre des Etats-Unis.
Dans le grand parc adjacent, quarante sections de ces volontaires étaient organisées et envoyées au front.
A. P. A.
There have been various reasons why no final decision could be made as to our permanent housing, until after the A. F. S. meeting in New York. The monetary question is foremost, though not necessarily the final one. Our problem is unlike that of the majority. The personnel of many war organizations that have established clubs since their return to this country has been generally recruited from single localities, and consists largely of men whose social resources were otherwise limited. As our membership came from every section of the United States, and is now even more broadly scattered, the hope of getting a few hundred of them together occasionally is all we may expect. Moreover, a large majority of Field Service men are already non-resident members of some university or fraternity club in New York---which, as our thickest radius of membership, and as the business center of the world, should be our meeting place. Most of our men can not well afford, before they are more established financially, to subscribe to the endowment or upkeep of even a small club in a city where rents and expenses are excessive. Considering these facts, and our very real achievement in the past, we could not properly have spent any of the funds we had left in France for the mere satisfaction of being together once in a while, nor could we wisely solicit money for a club just now when we shall need every affiliation and friendship we can muster for the success of our greater purpose.
Our logical impulse to get together and keep our memories alive, however, can not---and should not---be ignored. Some of the best of our intentions, and most permanent of our beliefs, are founded on all that we have shared in common. None of us need to be told that these are worth saving, By isolation and loss of knowledge of each other's progress or aspirations, we should miss a great deal that is worth while for us, and perhaps for others.
There will of course be an office in New York for the administration of the Fellowships, and we may hope, without conspicuous effort, to have some meeting place in connection with that. Possibly among the first friends in America of this Service there may still be one so generous as to feel that youth and human nature need some toll in the completion of so long a task as ours, and so may help us to find a place where we not only may be sure of meeting, but of gathering new energy through knowledge of each other's thought and experience.
H. D. S.
A Field Service Committee in Paris, consisting of Stephen Galatti, Chairman, Lovering Hill, Edward Huffer, Allan H. Muhr, and Elliot F. Shepard, has been formed to see what arrangements can be made to look after the incumbents of Field Service Fellowships, and old Field Service men while in France. The temporary address of the Committee is the office of Lovering Hill, 44 rue Taitbout, Paris. Major Galatti writes from Paris:
"The Committee has already begun to look for a place where the Field Service Fellows, as well as its own members, can stay when in Paris, and where charges can be fixed at such a point as just to pay for itself. This will immediately place the activity in a setting of its own, will differentiate it from the mess of activities which are still being perpetuated over here. Nothing can be distinguished unless it has its individuality. We did have an individuality before, and to resuscitate it requires very little effort."
And writing of "old 21" under date of March 17, Major Galatti says:
"I spent a long afternoon at Rue Raynouard the other day. The Countess was away, but I was allowed to go through the house which is empty. Only a very few of the rooms have been occupied, for a short time, and there are plenty of signs of our occupation. Your office and mine are a little more dusty than they used to be, but seemed ready for us to step in again. And so it was with the whole house. A little more damp, very quiet, but unmistakably the rue Raynouard of the Field Service. It was really fine to see it that way. There is little in Paris to suggest those years any more, but there every minute of it came back."
The ambulance sections of the American Field Service attached to the Armée d'Orient were stationed at Monastir in southern Serbia and Koritza, in Albania. These sections rendered service which warranted the highest praise and warmest thanks of the French command, but, unfortunately for the drivers concerned, this service did not continue until the critical period of the war in the Balkans. The American drivers were recalled to Paris in October, 1917, but the cars were left at the disposition of the French. After that date there were no Americans along the Balkan front except a few workers of the American Red Cross, whose efforts were chiefly in behalf of the Serbians.
After the departure of the American ambulance drivers my errands often took me to both Monastir and Koritza, and I found that their absence was generally lamented. This was especially the case in Koritza, where the American boys had endeared themselves to the natives of the town. More than eight months after the departure of the section I returned there a last time, and was warmly welcomed by old friends. The American missionaries, Rev. and Mrs. Phineas Kennedy, were still resident there. The fund of money which we left them for educational purposes had been used to send an Albanian boy to the Thessalonika Agricultural Institute at Salonica. Further contributions for his maintenance would be welcomed.
The famous Mr. John-the-Barber was still using shaving-soap and toilet water, many times diluted, which he had purchased from the American boys. The presidente of Koritza, Themistocles Germendhi, had been shot as a spy, and I had the sad duty of calling on Mrs. Germendhi who remembered her American friends. Miss Olga, the Belle of the Balkans, still awaited a supply of watercolor paints which a dashing ambulancier had promised to purchase with the twenty-five francs that she gave him. Pondee, the ex-kitchen mechanic, had been in jail and out on a charge of smuggling hay, and after his release took unto himself a bride. I visited the groom three days after the wedding and he had not yet recovered from the hospitality of his French friends who had held the biggest celebration of the year. The French mechanics were then still awaiting permission and wondering whether the end of the war would come before the end of the world.
The ambulance work on the Lake Prespa, and Zelova runs was cared for by an English section, supported by the British Red Cross, which called itself the Balkan Convoy. The French section still drove the old American cars to Lake Orbrida and Moskopolis. The old chief of Section 10, Lieutenant Faure, eventually came to have full charge of automobile traffic in southern Albania, and six sections worked under his direction.
The situation at Monastir did not change until the offensive in the fall of 1918. The ambulances continued to evacuate Florina until that time. There were Americans in Monastir during the year engaged in relief work for civilians. This work was handled for a time by Mr. E. D. Kneass, formerly of Section 10. Miss Mary Mathews, who was known to the American boys for her good works, never left her home. Once her house was struck by shell, and on another occasion an Englishwoman with whom she was talking, was killed. Dr. Haig continued to conduct the British hospital for Serbians.
John W. Frothingham of the American Red Cross thus describes the final stage of the war in Monastir:
"One afternoon (in September, 1918) I had given out the cocoa to the school children as usual and had returned home when shelling began that seemed persistent. It was, in fact, the beginning of the final bombardment. That night I spent at the American School. We had three or four nights of it. Our quarters suffered most on the first night when 1500 shells fell in the town. A bomb went through the post office, stunning the chief and killing a number of his men. On the whole, though some streets were wrecked, it was rather surprising that more damage was not done. Shrapnel fell in the yard but the house was not hit.
"After several nights of bombardment the enemy drew off, but before he went emptied several of his guns on us. The last shots struck the hospital of the Serbian Relief Fund, and badly wounded a woman who was drawing water at the well. The next night strange fires appeared on the neighboring mountains and the following day the enemy was gone. Criers went through the streets announcing that henceforth people could circulate freely."
Immediately after the passing of the armies, civilian refugees and persons formerly interned in Bulgaria flocked back to their old homes and the population of Monastir swelled from twenty thousand to more than double that number. The presence of grippe, typhus and other diseases and the shortage of food made the situation critical, and the city was the scene for a great amount of American Red Cross activity. This was under direction of Lanning Macfarland, who was at one time engaged in the Chicago office of the American Field Service.
The Balkan offensive operations were accomplished with remarkable speed. The armies which left southern Serbia the morning of September 15th reached the Danube a month later, and on November 1st, Belgrade, the capitol of Serbia, was occupied by the Serbian First Army, under command of Marshal Michitch. The French army moved northward into Hungary, Roumania and Bessarabia, as well as into Bulgaria, and there was a terrific demand for transport facilities of any kind. The old ambulances got pretty well scattered over the map. Some of them were in a local ferry service on the streets of Salonica, and others were in the service of physicians in Serbia. During subsequent months I saw the old "busses" in Belgrade and Roumania, and heard of them in Sofia. Unquestionably they rendered invaluable service.
From the viewpoint of one at Salonica the glorious Balkan offensive seemed the real blow of the war, inasmuch as it broke up the Central Alliance, and it was always a matter of regret to the writer that the American boys could not have remained in the Orient long enough to drive to the Danube behind the victorious armies.
Of the American drivers who went to the Balkans three will never leave. One of them, Edward C. Sortwell of Section 3, lies buried in the outskirts of Salonica, where he was killed. Another, Henry Suckley, chef of Section 10, who was killed by an aeroplane bomb at Zemlac, lies buried in Koritza. The grave is marked by a beautiful granite and bronze monument and is in a place where it is sure of proper care. One of the streets of Koritza was renamed by the French authorities as "Rue Lieutenant Henry Suckley."
Another American boy, Harold Vincent Aupperle of Section 10, who rejected physically by the U. S. A. A. S., later became an officer of the American Red Cross, died at Nova-Varosh, Serbia. in the summer of 1919, after many months of heroic work in the relief service. Before his death his service had gained for him the greatest praise of the Serbian government, by whom be was decorated with the Order of the White Eagle. The Prince Regent Alexander sent his band and a company of soldiers to participate at his funeral at a Belgrade cemetery on the hills beside the Danube. The grave is marked by a granite monument erected by the American Red Cross.
These faraway graves are a fitting reminder of the purpose that sent these men of the Field Service from their homes in the United States to the desolate wilderness of the Balkans.
Harry W. Frantz, S. S. U. 10.
Out of all the number of books written about the old Field Service, not one gives as full and vivid an impression of the work of a conducteur of a section sanitaire as does Robert Whitney Imbrie's volume, "Behind the Wheel of a War Ambulance." A late-comer on the shelf of ambulance books, having been published in the fall of 1918, it has been pretty generally overlooked, or else merely passed by as "another war book" by the general public---as well as by a good part of the old drivers, for whom its interest is increased many fold.
There is no "bunk" about Mr. Imbrie's book. There is no "the shells are falling thick about me, mother, as I write," tone to be found in it. There are no elements of the "terrible battle of Pont-à-Mousson," of "shot and shell-riddled" ambulances, of miraculous escapes where shells continually fall just before, or just after, the ambulance has passed, no recitals of the driver who modestly adds "I was scared, but I just drove on, anyway!" Neither is there any sentimental slush about the horrors of war or the "terrible sights" that the ambulance driver sees.
On the other hand, the book is not a mere cryptic record of events. Mr. Imbrie has a straightforward, pleasant style. Not very many phases of the ambulance life that was, are overlooked, and on the other hand one is never overburdened with trivial details. He has a good eye for color, and for the significance of events. He also possesses a keen sense of humor. The book is not haphazard, and shows clearly the hand of one well accustomed to writing and to organizing his material and his thoughts.
Mr. Imbrie was sent out from Paris in December, 1915, to join Section 1, which was then at Beauvais, or directly outside at the little village of Maracel. The section had just returned from its first year's work in Flanders and was en repos. The book is full of the delightful oddities and eccentricities that made up an ambulancier's life, and which seemed as natural and real then as they seem unnatural and unreal now. The point is illustrated, for example, by such a passage as the following:
"It is difficult for one who has not led the life to appreciate just what his car means to the ambulancier. For periods of weeks, mayhap, it is his only home. He drives through rain, hail, mud and dust, at high noon on sunshiny days, and through nights so dark that the radiator cap before him is invisible. Its interior serves him as a bedroom. Its engine furnishes him with hot shaving water, its guards act as a dresser. He works out, over, under, and upon it. He paints it and oils it and knows its every bolt and nut, its every whim and fancy. When shrapnel and éclat fall, he dives under it for protection. Not only his life, but the lives of the helpless wounded entrusted to his care depend upon its efficient functioning. Small wonder, then that his car is his pride. You may reflect on an ambulancier's mechanical knowledge, his appearance, morale, religion or politics, but if you be wise, reflect not on his car. To him, regardless of its vintage or imperfections, it is not only a good car, it is the best car. No millionaire in his $10,000 limousine feels half the complacent pride of the ambulance driver when, perhaps, after days of travel, he has at last succeeded in inducing it to "hit on four" and with its wobbly wheel clutched in sympathetic hands he proudly steers its erratic course."
With delight one sees again the names of the old familiar towns and postes flash on the page---Pont Ste. Maxence, Vic-sur-Aisne, Pierrefond, Villers-Cotterets, Jaulzy, Cappy, Villers-Bretonneau, Mericourt, St. Dizier, Bar-le-Duc, Dugny, the Cabaret, Fort de Tavanne, Givry-en-Argonne, Triaucourt, Chateau Billemont, Caserne Marceau, Ste. Menehould, La Grange-aux-Bois, La Chalade, etc. What greater pleasure can one have than reading a very human account of what happened to others in towns we ourselves knew so well---or in discovering that others had discovered our favorite buvettes, and had commented on them much as we would have ourselves?
After all, the big feature of Mr. Imbrie's book is its humanness. The section life is perfectly mirrored. Once inside the pages of the book one feels as if he were truly in France again, and that the section, with its kitchen trailer as a landmark, was just around the corner, and the "Cheval Blanc" or the "Mouton d'Or or the Café de la Gare delightfully near. One almost expects to step down the rue a way to find that the Bureau de Tabac has, as usual, its sign of Pas de Cigarettes, Ni Tabac, Ni Cigare, and perhaps even the addenda, Ni Allumettes. The impressions of life in the Armée Française are so well stated that the pages fairly reawaken our memories, already beginning to become dim and blurred; and we suddenly wonder, if it was actually true that this was our life for so long---the life that we took in such a matter-of-fact fashion. We realize, with a certain sense of poignancy, that it has gone, that the slate has been wiped clean, that the towns and villages which we knew no longer are filled with poilus, that the postes are no longer postes, and are no more dangerous than they were in the peaceful days before the German armies came; that the lines are as quiet, or quieter than the countryside; that the salles de permissionaires are vacant and probably torn down; that no longer could we find officers and poilus filling the buvettes in the towns along the front; that we ourselves, if we were to go back, would merge into the hum-drum mass of civilians, even as we previously merged into the restless and friendly sea of soldiers---that we should probably even have to pay railway fare now, if we chose to ride on the trains! The best as well as the worst of the life of the ambulancier has gone, and the book is only a poignant reminder that there is much of it, a great part of it, that we regret to lose, that we would wish back if we could. But the "section" has rolled its last time, and the pages are turned. If we go back, it will be to poke around in the cold ashes of remote memories, and explain to madames and messieurs now, too---that we were here during the grand guerre. We have seen, for the last time in our lives, the convoy winding away down the grande route in the early morning sunlight.
One of the best chapters of Mr. Imbrie's book is that entitled "The Trek to the Vortex."---describing Section One's trip from the Somme to Verdun:
"It was a hot sunshiny morning, the second of June, when at seven o'clock our cars lined up in convoy ready for the start. We had not been told our destination, but somehow the rumor had got out that we were bound for Verdun. The word ran along the line of cars and soon the fellows were sounding their hooters and yelling out "Ye-a-a Verdun" as though it were some summer resort toward which we were headed and not the bloodiest hole in history.. ...By two thirty we were again en route, passing through Pont Ste. Maxence, which we had last seen in January. Under the smiling influence of summer, it looked quite a different place and we scarcely recognized the little park where we had stood guard over the cars on those bleak winter nights. We went on to Senlis, that crumbling example of German rapacity, where blackened walls frowned grimly down on us as we rolled by. Throughout the afternoon we drove through choking clouds of dust, passing through La Chapelle and Fontenay and at seven in the evening reached the quaint little town of Ecouen. Here we stopped for the night, having come one hundred and fifty kilometers. The convoy had drawn up along the main street and at a nearby café we had dinner. We turned out at six the next morning and after coffee and bread, got away as the city boomed the hour of seven. Our way led us through the picturesque little towns to Meaux which we reached some four hours after starting. Then on down through the beautiful valley of the Marne we passed through quaint, slumbering little villages, where ancient men dozing in the summer sun, gazed at us through glazed, querulous eyes, where chubby children rushed to the doors to crow with wild-eyed joy, and buxom girls nearly caused us to ditch our cars by waving a friendly hand. Down through the beautiful sun-lit valley where grow the grapes which give bottled joy to the world, we rolled under shady rows of trees, across moss-grown stone bridges, by ancient grey church towers and crumbling walls, until about one o'clock we entered the wide peaceful streets of Château Thierry. War seemed very far away."
"At four that afternoon, Saturday, June twenty-fourth, we reached the city of Bar-le-Duc and halted in a side street while the Lieutenant repaired to the Etat-Major for orders. We left our cars, walked down to the corner, and turned into the main street. At the farther end, at a point where the street forked, stood a transparency. In large black letters, below which was a directing arrow, appeared a single word---Verdun. Even as we paused in silence to gaze upon that mystic sign there came a growl and rumble of distant heavy guns---the guns of Verdun. It was close to midnight, and 'dark as the inside of a cow,' when the camp was startled into wakefulness by the cry, 'Show a leg; everybody out, we're called.' Outside the rain beat against the cars, and a mournful wind slapped the branches overhead. It was a painful transition from the warm comfort of the blankets to the raw chill of the nights, but no one hesitated. Lanterns began to flicker; figures struggled into tunic and knickers and tumbled out of cars; objects were pulled forth and piled on the ground, bedding was thrown under ground sheets. Stretchers shot into places, engines began to cough and snort, and searchlights pierced the night. "Where are we going?" was the inquiry which shot from car to car and, though no one knew, the answer was invariably 'Verdun.'
"Presently the whistle blew, and we moved out. Down through the sleeping city of Bar-le-Duc we went and there where the transparency blazoned the legend "Verdun" we obeyed the silent injunction of the pointing arrow and turned to the left. We passed through the outskirts of the city and presently entered upon a broad, pitted road. Well might the road be pitted, for there was the Voie Sacré---the Sacred Way---over which had passed every division of the French Army, the way over which thousands of the men of France had passed never to return."
In the latter part of 1916, Mr. Imbrie went down to the Balkan front with Section Three. His experiences there are as vividly and picturesquely recounted as were those of the western front. These chapters are intensely interesting, and will be enjoyed doubly by the men of the Service who served on the Balkan front. For most of us they are of extraordinary interest in that they picture a side of the ambulance life which was decidedly different than that of French life.
The old drivers of the American Field Service will find in "Behind the Wheel of a War Ambulance" a book well worth reading, fascinating, well-written, and true.
Friends of France. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 1916.
Amis de la France. Paris: Plon Nourrit & Cie. 1917 (translation of Friends of France).
Ambulance No. 10. By Leslie Buswell, S. S. U. 2. Houghton Mifflin Company. 1916.
Letters Written Home from France. By A. Piatt Andrew, S. S. U. 1 and Hdqts., edited by Henry D. Sleeper, Boston: Privately printed. 1916.
A Volunteer Poilu. By Henry Sheahan, S. S. U. 2. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 1916.
At the Front in a Flivver. By William Yorke Stevenson, S. S.U. 1 Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 1917.
From Poilu to Yank. By William Yorke Stevenson, S. S. U. 1. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 1918.
Personal Letters. By Reginald Noel Sullivan, S. S. U. 65. Printed for private circulation. 1917.
Diary of Section VIII. Edited by H. D. Sleeper. Privately printed. Boston, 1917.
Diary of S. S. U. 18. Privately printed. Paris. 1917.
Diary of S. S. U. 19. In three parts. Privately printed. Paris: 1917 and 1918.
Ambulance 464. By Julien H. Bryan, S. S. U. 12. New York: The Macmillan Company. 1918.
An American Crusader at Verdun. By Philip Sidney Rice, S. S. U. 1. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press. 1918.
The White Road of Mystery. By Philip Dana Orcutt, S. S. U. 31. New York: John Lane Company. 1918.
En Repos and Elsewhere. By Lansing Warren, S. S. U. 70 and Robert A. Donaldson, S. S. U. 70. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 1918.
Behind the Wheel of a War Ambulance. By Robert W. Imbrie, S. S. U. 1-3. New York: Robert M. McBride & Co. 1918.
Turmoil. By Robert A. Donaldson, S. S. U. 70. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 1919.
With the Armies of France. War Poems. By William Cary Sanger, Jr., S. S. U. 9. New York: Knickerbocker Press. 1918.
Camion Cartoons. By Kirkland H. Day, T. M. U. 526. Boston: Marshall Jones Co. 1919.
Trucking to the Trenches. By John lden Kautz, T. M. U. 184. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 1918.
Camion Letters. Edited by Professor Martin W. Sampson, of Cornell University. New York: Henry Holt & Co. 1918.
I Was There. By C. LeRoy Baldridge, T. M. U. 184 and Hilmar R. Bankage. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1919.
A Stop at Suzanne's. By late Second Lieutenant Greayer Clover, T. M. U. 133. New York: George N. Doran & Co. 1919. Sketches originally published in Collier's, etc.
Soldier Letters. By Coleman Tileston Clark, S. S. U. 3, and Salter Storrs Clark, J. Privately printed by Middleditch Co. 1919.
Back to the life we used to know,
Remember France in the summer time
Remember Julie and chic Suzanne
Remember Le Café Lion d' Or.
Back to the life we used to know,
James S. Montgomery.
In September, 1919, the members of the University of California Units of the Field Service formed a permanent organization, under the honorary presidency of Professor Charles Mills Gayley, who was the main inspiration of the organization of the Unit in the spring of 1917. Paul Cadman, Cdt. Adjt. of T. M. U. 133, was elected President, and John M. Whitton, Secretary. Meetings have been held monthly. Mr. Whitton writes:
"The men have pledged themselves to do everything they can not only in the interests of true Americanism, but especially to show that true Americanism includes a broad-minded attitude towards other nations, particularly our allies, France and England. Certain opportunities for active propaganda have offered themselves, particularly a mass meeting of the University of California students, at which time three members of the unit addressed 5,000 students on the subject 'The Truth About Our Allies,' which constituted a plea not only for toleration but for real friendship for France. This seemed particularly fitting because the unit was sent to the front by the organization known as "The Friends of France." The speakers were Paul Cadman, Whitney B. Wright, and John B. Whitton.
"The unit has had the opportunity to get into touch with the 'French Quarter' of San Francisco. That city is blessed with a number of splendid citizens who were born in France, There is also a Theatre Français under the direction of M. André Ferrier of the Opéra Comique, Paris, and a French daily, the Franco-American. In January, M. Le Capitain Nègre, head of the French Mission to the Pacific Coast, gave a dinner to the California Unit, to which were invited, besides Dr. Gayley and members of the French Department who fought in the French Army, M. Ferrier, and the editor of the Franco-American and the Consul General. It was a very enjoyable and inspiring occasion, and served as a souvenir of the 'good old days' in France."
A tabulation of our records shows that 784 Field Service men became officers in the United States Army, Navy, or Marine Corps, that 104 became officers in the French Army; and that 22 received commissions in the British forces. The various branches of the service represented are shown in the following table:
|U. S. M. T. C.||129||Q. M. D.||6|
|U. S. A. A. S.||69||Marine Corps||4|
|Nav. Av.||31||Military Int.||2|
|Tank Corps||15||Balloon Corps||2|
|Chem. Warfare Service||8||
|150 Field Service men entered French Aviation and Artillery. 104 received Commissions|
|Royal Air Force||
|48 Field Service men entered the British Forces, chiefly the R. A. F. 22 received Commissions.|
Strange tales they tell of the sights and fancies of those dying from thirst in the desert, but none surpass the tantalizing agony that I have suffered.
I remember every detail distinctly. My lips were parched, and the drawn cuticle of my tongue was commencing to crack, as my breath began to come in short, spasmodic gasps. I know not how long my fevered brain had been wandering when suddenly I stumbled forward with a glad cry.
There was the little nickel-plated bar before me with the bottles of "vermouth, porto, cassis, grenadine, picon and du bonnet;" behind it martialed in gaudy phalanx were the cherry brandy, "chartreuse, benedictine, menthe, cognac and curacoa; and in the other cases peeped forth gold topped bottles which told of "Pommery" and "Pol Roget, Moet et Chandon and Veuve Cliquot;" while white and red capped necks suggesting "vieux sauterne, barsac, chambertin and vrai Vouvray." A poilu was seated, sipping "pinard."
Madame stood ready, smiling.
"Bon jour, Monsieur," she said gaily. "Qu'est-ce que ce Monsieur desire ce matin?"
"Qu'est-ce que vous avez, Madame?" I asked, restraining my impulse to seize the nearest bottle.
"Du vin---avec du citron? Du champagne? Du porto? Ou des liquers? Comme vous voudrez," enumerated Madame deliciously. "On a toutes les boissons. D'absinthe, si vous voulez?"
"Un embarras de choix!" I murmured. Then inspired by a long-pent yearning, I demanded, "Madame, est-ce que vous avez d'Asti---d'Asti Spumante?"
"Mais si, j'en ai---de très bon, vous savez" said Madame.
"Et on n'est pas defendu, Madame?" I queried anxiously.
"Mais certainement, c'est defendu," she replied. "C'est la Prohibition, vous comprenez---c'est terrible!"
"En France aussi," I asked in dismay.
"Oui, oui, oui, oui, oui, oui, oui," she said as only Madame can. "Parce que, vous savez, toute la terre est 'sec' maintenant, ici, c'est extra sec. Mais ça ne fait rien," she added, quietly producing the desired Asti, "il faut boire quand même."
I stretched out my hand to grasp the sparkling "mousseaux" when---snap---something happened. The dear dingy walls of the buvette thrust forth encrusted decorations and mirrors grew on every side. The bar swelled prodigiously and sprouted tanks and nozzles and funny whirring things. And the wine, the champagne, the liqueurs, and worst of all the Asti, vanished. Madame became a langorous powdered blonde, and beside me a grown man was eating an ice cream soda!
The room was spinning rapidly.
"What's yours?" asked the blonde tonelessly, shifting her gum.
"I'll take a coca cola," I said, and fell on the floor in a dead faint.
L. W. (S. S. U. 70 and 18).
In the course of a recent interview with the Associated Press correspondent in Paris, Monsieur Millerand, the President of the Council, explained how the situation of France differs from that of this country. We believe that his statement will be of interest to our readers.
"Dans certains cercles américains on pense que la France demande trop à ses amis et fait trop peu par elle-même. Les sacrifices faits par la France dans l'intérêt commun pourraient l'autoriser à demander une considération spéciale. Elle ne le fait point; mais désire du temps pour recouvrir sa force.
"Les mesures préconisées pour l'amélioration du change par ceux qui ne connaissent point la situation de la France entraîneraient plutôt une aggravation qu'une amélioration. Si la France doit payer ses dettes au change actuel, elle payera deux fois et demie ce qu'elle a reçu, mais dépensé dans l'intérêt commun.
"Nous avons donné notre sang, et notre argent, il ne faut pas que l'on nous demande le double de notre dette.
"Les Américains, qui nous disent de faire hausser la valeur du franc en accroissant nos exportations, ne comprennent pas bien notre situation. Avant d'exporter, il faut reconstruire nos fabriques et nous serons paralysés tant que n'aura pas été réparée la dévastation de nos centres ouvriers les plus florissants.
"La guerre nous a coûtée 1,600,000 ouvriers; 600,000 bâtiments ont été détruits. Les régions qui produisaient en 1913 90 pour cent de notre laine, 83 pour cent de notre fer, 53 pour cent de notre charbon ont été devastées; nos chemins de fer ont été démolis; 3 pour cent de notre flotte marchande ont sombré. Toute la vie économique de la France est donc changée.
"Des financiers américains nous conseillent l'exportation de notre or; cela produirait une crise financière dangereuse.
"On dit que nous avons trop attendu pour l'augmentation des impôts. Que l'on se rappelle les chiffres donnés sur les dévastations subies et le fait que les Etats-Unis ont mobilisé 17 pour cent des hommes en âge de servir et la France 89 pour cent, les affaires étaient donc paralysées et les contribuables absents. Et pourtant en 1916 nous avons créé de nouvelles taxes, d'autres ont été établies; bientôt nos recettes atteindront quatre fois celles de l'avant-guerre. Pouvait-on demander un plus grand effort à la France appauvrie d'hommes, appauvrie dans ses principales industries?"
Et M. Millerand de conclure:
"Il ne doit pas y avoir de malentendu entre la France et l'Amérique. La France est déterminée à se relever de ses ruines, à faire l'effort fiscal nécessaire et à prendre toutes les mesures que nécessitera la situation."
At the ceremonies of induction of Dr. Parsons as President of Marietta College, on October 17th, last, fifteen members of the Marietta A. F. S. Unit were presented with the American Field Service Medal, in the presence of a distinguished gathering, among which were Governor Cox, General Dawes, and representatives from more than sixty colleges. General Collardet, representing the French Ambassador and the French Government, made an address in both English and French, and Lieutenant Charles A. Blackwell, S. S. U. 64, conducted the ceremonies. General Collardet's tribute, in presenting the commemorative medals, was as follows:
"Though nearly a year has passed since the armistice was signed, it is not too late to present to you the decorations which you have so well deserved. The deeds for which you are to receive these distinctions do not belong to the past ---but will never be forgotten and these medals will bring you honor all your life.
"Before your country went into the war, you felt a desire to take part in the field for justice and you brought to France the support of your enthusiasm, of your faith in, victory, of your warm friendship.
"You went under fire to pick up the wounded and many of you paid with your blood your decision to shorten the suffering of the victims of German aggression. And, later, when your country sent us her units, many of you left the ambulance to take a more active part in the conflict.
"France feels a great gratitude toward America, and toward all members of the A. E. F., but she has a specially tender feeling for the friends of the first hour, for those who, voluntarily, came to the rescue in the tragic moment when the issue of the fighting still hung in the balance. And America is proud of her sons, the college men, who, true to their high ideals, took the lead and pointed the way to the nation."
The personnel of the Marietta College Ambulance Unit who were decorated was as follows:
B. Gates Dawes, Jr., William M. Dawes, Francis B. McIntyre, Benjamin H. Putnam, Donley J. Parr, John W. Wyckoff, Warwick T. Wilder, John S. Bailey, Clark R. Piggott, Rutherford DeArmon, Malcolm Cook, Hiram E. Sibley, Raymond Frazier, Paul C. Westphal, Charles P. Dudley, Jr.
The medals of Paul Lindsley and Kramer C. Tabler who died "in the line of duty" were placed by General Collardet in the hands of relatives present to receive them.
Davidge Warfield Patterson, T. M. U. 397. Died of pneumonia, Boston, Mass., December 21, 1918.
Homer Everett Wilson, T. M. U. 537. Died of pneumonia, Wilmette, Illinois, January 13, 1919.
Lee Davis Ikard, T. M. U. 184. Killed in fall from train near Muenster, Texas, January 26, 1919.
James W. Gill, Jr., S. S. U. 66. Drowned at Seabright, N. J., August 30, 1919.
Wilberforce Taylor, S. S. U. 16. Died of pneumonia at Cornell University Infirmary, February 17, 1920.
Harold S. Bates, T. M. U. 526. Died at Mt. Vernon, N. Y., March 1, 1920.
At least four posts of the American Legion have been named in honor of Field Service men who gave their lives during the war.
The Hugo Wing Fales Post, of Belding, Michigan, in honor of Fales of T. M. U. 397, who was killed by an accidental shell explosion at Bourges, France, May 2, 1919.
The Stanley Hill Post, No. 38, of Lexington, Mass., in honor of Hill of S. S. U. 28, who died of wounds at La Veuve, France, August 14, 1918.
The Edward Illsley Tinkham Post, No. 598, of New York, in honor of Tinkham of S. S. U 3, and T. M. U. 526, who died of meningitis, Ravenna, Italy, March 30th, 1919. A petition signed by 59 members of Edward I. Tinkham Post of the American Legion, urging that the United States enter the League of Nations, has been inserted as an advertisement in a number of newspapers throughout the United States by Julian R. Tinkham, as a memorial to Mr. Tinkham's dead son, in whose honor the post was named.
The Osric Mills Watkins Post, of Indianapolis, Indiana, in honor of Watkins, of the American Staff, who died of pneumonia at Bar-le-Duc, France, October 23d, 1918.
Charles Henry Fiske, Jr., '93, of Weston, Mass., has given Trinity College, Cambridge, England, £1,600 for the establishment of a scholarship in memory of his son, Charles Henry Fiske, of S. S. U. 3, 2nd Lt., U. S. Infantry, who was killed in action, August 24th, 1918. The scholarship is to be tenable by an American student nominated by the President and Fellows of Harvard University.
In honor of Charles Alexander Hopkins, of T. M. U. 526, who was killed in an aeroplane accident at Issouden, France, January 30th, 1918, a street in Newark, N. J., formerly known as Alpine Street, has been changed to Hopkins Place.
William deFord Bigelow, Cdt. Adjt. S. S. U. 4, has become President of the New England Oil Refining Company, with offices at 19 Milk Street, Boston
Henry Temple Howard, T. M. U. 133, a student of architecture in Paris, passed the examinations to the Beaux Arts with only a week's preparation subsequent to his release from the Army, and was the only American, and the seventh of the twenty-five to be admitted, of the two hundred and fifty men of all nationalities who took the examinations. Since that time he has been doing exceptionally good work, having received special mention for several of his projects. He is living at 90 rue d'Assas, Paris.
Apropos of Mr. Herrick's interest in our behalf, it is pleasant to recall the following incident in connection with his final days as Ambassador to France, in September, 1914. His utterances in those dark days when the German Army was approaching so dangerously near to Paris, struck a responsive chord in every French heart, and expressed exactly what every true American and friend of France would like to have had our Ambassador say. The President of France, and the Senate and Chamber, together with the ambassadors and ministers of most of the other powers had moved to Bordeaux, but Mr. Herrick remained at his post. It was rumored at the time that he had received special warning from the German Government, through Bernstorff, that Paris was likely to be bombarded and that it was altogether imprudent for him to remain. Mr. Herrick was quoted as saying that "whatever happened, the American Ambassador would remain in Paris, for a dead ambassador might serve the world better than a live one," subtly implying that if his life were sacrificed, America might be drawn into the war. He is also reported to have added that he "would use all the power of the Government which he represented to prevent the destruction of Paris, because Paris belonged not merely to France, but to the whole world."
Mr. Robert H. Gamble, (S.S.U.1), representing the Field Service, and Mr. Eliot Norton, representing Norton-Harjes, are now in charge of membership in the federation of "Veterans Français de la Guerre," at their new headquarters, 94 Park Avenue, New York. This organization, aside from its purpose of "cultivating loyalty to the United States, and attachments to France," is accomplishing a very practical service in finding positions for a large number of Frenchmen who have returned to this country after their service in the French Army.
Edwin G. Nash, S. S. U. 70, is living at 4 rue de l'Ancien Courrier, Montpellier, having returned to France last fall to attend the University of Montpellier.
Christian Gross, S. S. U. 65, now a 1st Lieutenant with the 27th Infantry, U. S. Army, has recently left Siberia for the Philippine Islands. While stationed in the former place, he received the Distinguished Service Cross, British Military Cross, and Croix de Guerre, and in one of the campaigns in conjunction with Japanese troops against the Bolsheviki, was also recommended for a Japanese decoration.
Willard D. Hill, T. M. U. 526, subsequently 1st Lieutenant with the 94th Aero Squadron, U. S. Aviation, who was wounded near Toul in May, 1918, has been in hospital ever since, but expects his discharge in April of this year. He has received the Croix de Guerre with palm.
Martin (Marty) Owens, S. S. U. 8, who was chosen as representative in the Field Service of the Policemen of New York, was assigned to the task of lining up the 1,200 policemen who saw service in the world war, into the Layfayette Post of the American Legion.
John H. Boyd, Hdqts., is Director of a unit of the American Committee for Relief in the Near East, at Aintab, Turkey.
Charles C. Battershell, Cdt. Adjt., S. S. U. 13-31, is with the American Committee for Relief in the Near East, 13 Petit Champs, Constantinople, Turkey.
C. Claflin Davis, S. S. U. 4, is with the American Red Cross at Constantinople.
Horatio Tobey Mooers, S. S. U. 27 and Hdqts., went to Belgium in February, 1919, as Vice Consul to that country.
Samuel Prentiss Bailey, S. S. U. 8-628, is with Cox & Co., Bankers, 34 rue du 4eme September, Paris.
Donald Ordway, T. M. U. 397, is with the American Red Cross in Poland.
John Paul Emerick, S. S. U. 9, is with the League of Red Cross Societies, 2 rue Cloitre, Geneva, Switzerland.
David Darrah, T. M. U. 397, is on the staff of the Chicago Tribune, Paris.
Sven J. H. Lundquist, S. S. U. 12 and Hdqts., is with the American Consulate, Stockholm, Sweden.
Edward van D. Salisbury, Cdt. Adjt., S. S. U. 2, is with the John N. Willys Corporation, 151 Great Portland St., London, W. 1.
George C. Buzby, T. M. U. 184-133, is a 2nd Lieutenant with the Marine Detachment, U. S. Legation Guards, Pekin, China.
Roger P. Stone, S. S. U. 28, is with the American Embassy, Tokyo, Japan.
Anthony Howard Manley, T. M. U. 526, is abroad with the Graves Registration Bureau.
Francis H. Rogers, S. S. U. 70, is with the American Finance and Commerce Co., Guatemala.
Benjamin Franklin Butler, Jr., S. S. U. 13, is with The Barahona-Co., Inc., Barahona, Dominican Republic.
Stephen Galatti, S. S. U. 3 and Hdqts., sailed in February for a visit of several months in France.
C. Le Boy Baldridge, of the old Mallet Reserve, whose cartoons in the Stars and Stripes made him the friend of every American soldier in France, and whose collection of sketches, "I Was There," is the one American pictorial record of the war from the heart of the American soldier, has just returned to New York to start civil life again. He has been, since last August, in China. He sailed before his book was off the presses and he has returned to find himself even more famous than he was in France.
Paul R. Doolin, T. M. U. 526, has been awarded one of the four Sheldon Prize Fellowships at Harvard, 1920-21, for travel and study in Europe.
Sidney Colford, one of the original members of old Section 19 (original in every sense of the word) has been awarded the D. S. C. for his service with the Marines.
The ex-sub-sub-editor of the Bulletin, Mrs. M. Isabella Howard, is now living in Boston, at The Leyland, 64 Warrenton Street.
Now I'm strong, of course, for glory,
I'm aware in conversation,
I do not hope for endless peace,
R.A.D. (S. S. U. 70 and 18).
The following members of the Field Service have signed a new contract "for the duration."
William Torrey Baird, Jr., T. M. U. 133, of East Orange, New Jersey, and Mlle. Camille Fanny Rieder, at Trinity Church, New York City, October 11, 1919.
William Maltby Barber, S. S. U. 3, of Toledo, Ohio, and Miss Emily Warwood Ranshaw, at St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Petersburg, Va., October 16, 1919.
Lloyd Payne Bradley, S. S. U. 12 and T. M. U. 133, of Berkeley, California, and Mlle. Gabrielle Puisségur at Besançon, France, March, 1920.
Mahlon Philip Bryan, S. S. U. 8, of Brookline, Mass., and Miss Carolyn Guild, at Grace Church, Newton, Mass., December 27, 1919.
Paul Fletcher Cadman, Cdt. Adjt., S. S. U. 8 and T. M. U. 133, of Berkeley, California, and Miss Ethel Frances Mills, at Berkeley, California, December 25, 1919.
Donald Lincoln Campbell, S. S. U. 69, of S. Deerfield, Mass., and Miss Frances Williston, at St. Paul's Rectory, Holyoke, Mass., January 14, 1920.
Walter Leighton Clark, Jr., S. S. U. 12, of Stockbridge, Mass., and Miss Ellen Marston Watson at Plymouth, Mass., September 20, 1919.
Enos W. Curtin, S. S. U. 2, of New York City, and Miss Rose Howard Norton, at St. Bartholomew's Chapel, New York City, December 16, 1919.
Harry DeMaine, Hdqts., of Roby, Liverpool, England, and Miss Maude Lilian Chambers, at Boulder, Colorado, December 25, 1919.
Wiliam Ross Donahue, S. S. U. 69, of Atlantic City, N. J., and Miss Helen F. Connelly, at Hotel Aldine, Philadelphia, Pa., September 8, 1919.
Leland Harrington Emery, T. M. U. 526, of Lexington, Mass., and Miss Lillian Dorothea MacDougall, (sister of Albert Edward MacDougall, S. S. U. 30) at Tuftonboro, N. H., September 27, 1919.
Lee Tourjee Estabrook, T. M. U. 397, of Auburndale, Mass., to Mlle. Audette Lalucq, of Meaux, France.
Joseph Rudd Greenwood, Sous-Chef, S. S. U. 8 and Vosges Det., of New York City, and Miss Ruth McCallum Dayton, at West End Collegiate Church, New York City, May 24, 1919.
James Wyly Harle, Jr., S. S. U. 1, 2 and 10, of New York City, and Miss Elfrida Frances Baumann at Ashville, N. C., June 1919.
James Dana Hutchinson, S. S. U. 30, of Dorchester, Mass., and Miss Katherine Eldred, at Auburn, New York, November 29, 1919.
Hosmer Ayer Johnson, T. M. U. 397, of Balboa Palisades, California, and Miss Adelaide Stickney, at First Baptist Church, Arlington, Mass., October 8, 1919.
Chester Chaloner McArthur, S. S. U. 635, of West Roxbury, Mass., and Miss Helen Louise Halbach, of St. Davids, Pa., September 3. 1919.
John S. McCampbell, S. S. U. 69, of San Antonio, Texas, and Miss Letitia Law, at St. Marks Episcopal Church, San Antonio, Texas, June 12, 1919.
Thomas Means, T. M. U. 526, of New Haven, Conn., and Miss Bertha Betsy Blake, at Alpena, Michigan, September 6, 1919.
Appleton Train Miles, S. S. U. 8, of Brattleboro, Vt., and Miss Lillian Staniels Lawton, at Brattleboro, Vt., October 11, 1919.
Roswell Miller, T. M. U. 526, of New York City, and Miss Margaret Carnegie, (daughter of the late Andrew Carnegie) at New York, April, 1919.
Horatio Tobey Mooers, S. S. U. 27 and Hdqts., of Skowhegan Maine, and Mlle. Marguerite Elizabeth Kuenner, at Wayne, Pa. February 3, 1919.
William Arthur Parks, T. M. U. 397, of Waverly, Mass., and Miss Charlotte Lozier Baker, at Newton, Mass., February 6, 1920.
William Prickett, S. S. U. 4, of Wilmington, Del., and Mlle. Elizabeth deBoeck, at Brussels, Belgium, June 16, 1919.
William Clark Towle, S. S. U. 70, of New York City, and Miss Mary Lillian Allen of San Francisco, Calif., March 4, 1920,
John Tempest Walker, Jr., Sous-Chef, S. S. U. 29, of Brookline, Mass., and Miss Mariquita White Dodge, at West Roxbury, Mass., June 30, 1919.
The following members of the Field Service have announced their willingness to sign a similar contract "for the duration."
William Channing Appleton, Jr., T. M. U. 133, of Boston, Mass., and Miss Ellen Rockwood Sherman of Yonkers, N. Y.
Junius Oliver Beebe, S. S. U. 30, of Wakefield, Mass., and Miss Alice Rita Milliken of Milton, Mass.
Charles Addison Blackwell, Sous-Chef, S. S. U. 64, of Cleveland, Ohio, and Miss Katherine Rhodes of Grosse Point Farms, Michigan.
John Edward Boit, Sous-Chef, S. S. U. 2, of Brookline, Mass., and Miss Marion Sprague.
John Jacob Frenning, S. S. U. 30, of Belmont, Mass., and Miss Mary Esty of Brookline, Mass.
Irving Gilmore Hall, Jr., T. M. U. 526, of Somerville, Mass., and Miss Margaret Emerson Billings of Cambridge, Mass.
Hugh Joseph Kelleher, S. S. U. 12-3, of Brooklyn, New York, and Miss Margaret Iselin (sister of Henry G. Iselin, Cdt. Adjt., S. S. U. 2-12-4), of Genets, France.
Warren Francis Lawrence, T. M. U. 526, of Brookline, Mass., and Mlle. Andree Noirot of Paris, France.
William Gorham Rice, Jr., Cdt. Adjt., S. S. U. 1 and 66, of Albany, N. Y., and Miss Rosamond Eliot, (granddaughter of Dr. Charles W. Eliot, President Emeritus of Harvard College) of Cambridge, Mass.
Dominic William Rich, S. S. U. 15, of New York City, and Miss Helen Elizabeth Gilbert of Bolton, Mass.
William Jenks Wright, S. S. U. 18, Chestnut Hill, Pa., and Miss Alberta V. Bicknell of Washington, D. C.
John Milton Nazel (S. S. U. 635), of Philadelphia, and Miss Beatrice Smalley, Germantown, Pa.
Richard B. Salinger (S. S. U. 71-32), of Brookline, Mass., and Miss Dorothy M. Smart, of Montreal.
We are situated in a city of over 100,000 and are ninety miles from the nearest railroad, the only means of transportation out here is by the camel and the donkeys and there are thousands and thousands of these. It is said that Aintab is the most Oriental of all cities in the Near East. In other words when you visit the bazaars you feel as if you were living in the time of Christ. Here you see the long robes, the coats of many colors and a true picture of the bible. In fact their actions in almost every respect carry you back to the days of Christ. A few days ago I visited the ancient city of Martemius which is situated on the Euphrates river, this city is mentioned in the book Jeremiah and was captured by Nebucanezer several hundred years before Christ, it was later rebuilt by the Greeks and again destroyed and again the Romans rebuilt it and it was destroyed this time a few years after Christ. The British have been excavating here, and there are some wonderful ruins that are in almost a perfect state of preservation. You can see from this that there is plenty to keep one interested in out here. I am planning to go to Bagdad this spring and it will certainly be an interesting trip from what I have heard. Of course there is no railroad so it is necessary to go by water, namely, down the Euphrates. Now there are no boats or wood to make boats out of so what they do each spring is to make a raft of goat skins and float down the river, buy their goods and bring it back overland by camels and donkeys."
John H. Boyd, Hdqts.
"Incidentally, before leaving Paris, I went out to Passy one bright afternoon, and found 21 rue Raynouard, of ancient but pleasant memories, in the hands of workmen who knew nothing of les Americains except that the war being over, they had probably returned chez eux, which was a familiar story for my friend George at Henri's always had some fresh story about 'you remember?' Well, he's back in the States---doesn't like it, either, from what I hear. I understand he's coming back to sell automobiles---when I strolled in at the old usual hour---a very sad hour now which reminds one only of happy, busy days, and good friends that have either gone home or just crept away with that legion of good fellows who didn't. No more of the old crowd who learnedly discussed the manifold rattles of a Ford, and spoke of Section 2, or crazy days in Macedonia with 10---no more boys with wings on, chatting of Pan or doings in a livlier clime. Paris is haunted with the unhappy ghosts of more interesting days, or the figures of old actors limping painfully across a dusty stage---scene of former glories and finer, better, times."
Henry A. Batchelor, S. S. U. 2 and 16.
"Elliott Porter went over about November 1, 1916, and spent six months or so in Section Four. You know he had been a Presbyterian minister in Montana or somewhere out there, and starting back home along about May, 1917, he got as far as London, stretched his religion sufficiently to call himself a Canadian, and was duly enrolled in His Majesty's forces. I heard the rest of the story out in Kansas a short time ago.
Porter was commissioned in the Royal Field Artillery and during the German drive of March 21, 1918, particularly distinguished himself and was gazetted a captain. Being discharged in England sometime after the armistice he was proceeding homeward as a civilian on board a ship carrying a number of American troops who had seen some action on the British front in September or October. These fellow citizens of ours had broken the Hindenburg Line and were, of course, very weary of war and lost no opportunity to tell how, on a certain day, they captured 3,000 Germans, etc. Porter said nothing until the last day out from New York when he said to the American on his right, "You say that on such and such a day your division captured 3,000 Boches." "Yes." "Well, the British division to which I happened to belong at that time captured 7,000 Germans on that day."
Roy Stockwell, S. S. U. 1
"The boys in our service, which I, and I think every member of it, feels was the best, most unique and most efficient service in France, all have a very warm spot in our hearts for the French people, chiefly because we had an opportunity to know, to learn, and to get used to them. We were interested in them because we lived with them and through our constant association with them were permitted to meet the better and more highly educated class---the class which makes a nation what it is, or is not. The personnel of our service was the highest, I think, of any service and among its members are a number of men with literary ability, and I think it would be fine if by some means it were possible to start a series of articles on our service and the French race as we knew them. Our parents, of course, hear what we think of the French and cannot understand why we so differ in opinion with the average American soldier who has been in France, but of course think we are right because we are their sons. The general public, particularly those who are not interested in foreign affairs and peoples, have been led to believe by the returning soldiers that the French are the most immoral race on the earth when as a matter of fact they are not much worse than we, but are not so under cover with their customs. They have been led to believe that they are a bunch of robbers when they do not profiteer one-tenth as much as our own merchants here in America. I could go on and on forever naming a hundred and one grievances which they have against the French people and which have been brought about chiefly by a lack of understanding. I think some effort on our part would not only be a benefit to the French but to our own people, because, since we are to be associated with them all the time now, we should know their characteristics and customs and the methods by which they accomplish things. It is practically impossible to teach the American public to become acquainted with the peoples on the other side of the ocean because we have been brought up on provincialism and have heretofore been interested in no one but ourselves and the tiny sphere in which we lived, but this conflict that has just come to a close has so completely changed the world and its affairs that we cannot afford to be strangers with our neighbors across the sea and particularly those with which we are to be so closely associated as the French. To expect the average American to get a book on France and its customs, or something of that sort, and bury himself in it is to expect the world to turn backwards, but if a series of attractive and short snappy articles were run in the newspapers or magazines I feel sure they would not only be read, but absorbed and to a wonderfully good advantage.
M. W. S.
"Would suggest also that ways and means be discussed with which to combat the criticism against the French and France, spread by the returned doughhoy, who did not have the chance to know this country and to love it as I feel sure the large majority of Field Service men did. It would seem to me the Field Service, acting as it did as the forerunner of the American Army, should be peculiarly fitted to assist toward a clearer understanding and more friendly regard than seems to exist in the minds of many Americans."
Henry Temple Howard, T. M. U. 133.
"I once heard an American officer loudly attacking the French because he had been charged $20.00 for a pair of shoes; I was interested in the matter, and to make it a test case asked a Frenchman to go into the store and price the same pair. He also was charged $20.00. The fact was, it was not a case of overcharging at all; that was the market price of that kind of shoe all over Europe and, I believe, would be its price in this country, also.
"But one will ask, were there not cases of actual discrimination between the Americans and the native population? Were there not instances of one price for the French and another for the Americans? Yes, there were. But what astonishes me is that there were so few. For if ever the conscience of a people was sorely tempted, it was the conscience of the French when assailed by the spendthrift, reckless doughboy with his 'beaucoup francs.' I once saw an American negro soldier buying a newspaper from a French newspaper woman. He gave her 50 centimes and was returned 30 centimes in change. With great disdain be threw the coppers on the floor; he couldn't be bothered with such trash. I said to him, 'Don't you realize what you are doing? The next American will be charged 50 centimes.'
"Now, if this woman had added a few centimes to the price when an American came to buy, could you severely blame her, or would it be any more than ordinary human nature? Just put yourself in her place. Try to realize how those common people of France suffered. Suppose that you had for years been compelled to do without white flour, butter, even sugar, and many other necessities; your clothes were patched and worn and you had to wear wooden shoes. Your husband at the front is getting $1.50 a month from the government. A big strapping American comes along who you know is getting $35.00 a month. Moreover, when offered change, he doesn't want it, but throws it on the floor. Would you be so very culpable if you did add a little to the price? I repeat, I am astonished that, under the circumstances, there was so little of it. Personally I cannot remember a single case of such discrimination; I do have, however, a clear recollection of the French tailor who did an hour's work on a torn uniform for me and refused to charge a cent because I was one of the allies 'de la France.'"
John Boardman Whitton, T. M. U. 133.
"I was billeted for a few days, just before the call came to rush to Belleau Woods, with a beautiful family like many an American one. There was a sweet old grandmother, Madame Zed, and her daughter, Madame Hélène, and her little granddaughter, Raymonde, aged twelve. They called me "their American." I was lodged in the best room in the house; there were fresh flowers on my table and a pitcher of hot water outside my door every morning. Two or three times we had walked together in the garden. Madame Zed had told me of the long anxiety and of her great joy at our coming. Madame Hélène had spoken of her own son who was fighting in Salonique and who had twice been a victim of the fevers in that swampy land. Little Raymonde had dragged me by the hand to see the robin's nest in the letter box, and the same day we picked strawberries and had a tea-party. Then suddenly at two o'clock one morning came an orderly rapping loudly and presenting the order for immediate entraining. My simple kit was always ready, but in my, sleepy fumblings enough time elapsed so that when I came downstairs Madame Helene had prepared a steaming bowl of chocolate and some bread and jam. They went with me to the gate; there were no tears, only the sign of the cross from Madame; little Raymonde flung her arms around my neck, and 'their American' was gone. Weeks afterward came a letter in a large, round childish hand. It said: "Ma-ma and I went to early mass this morning. We prayed the bon Dieu for brother in Salonique and for our American," and down in the corner she wrote: 'Grandma-ma sends her love.'"
Paul F. Cadman, S. S. U. 8, T. M. U. 133
"This splendid morale of the French is illustrated by the courageous devotion to duty by her clergy. In July, 1917, Bert Hope '15 and I, using our passports as passes, entered Reims, the cathedral city. We had gone all through the cathedral when a German plane flew over the city. Anti-air craft pursued him and soon bursting shells began to fall. French shells, or German shells--- they act the same when they hit you---so Bert and I took refuge just across from the cathedral in the first house we came to. And old woman told us it was the house of the Cardinal, but we Americans remained unimpressed. A high nun and a priest passed in and soon came back bringing word that the Cardinal would receive us. They tried to tell us how we should conduct ourselves, but we were not apt pupils. We were shown into a magnificent room, and soon a door opened and His Eminence, Cardinal Lucon, Archbishop of Reims, entered. He extended his hand to be kissed but instinctively we each shook it. Then we addressed him with the ordinary salutation "Monsieur" instead of his proper title, "Seigneur." Yet in spite of these breaches of etiquette, he gave us an hour of his time, struggled through a conversation made difficult by our meagre knowledge of the French language, and dismissed us with his blessing. This old gentleman refusing to leave his cathedral, had lived through three years of daily bombardment.
His own residence had been laid in ruins early in the war and he had moved to a house near by. After our visit, the bombardment grew worse, and the French authorities compelled him to leave. I later returned to Reims, and the house where he had received us had been shelled to the ground. Cardinal Lucon typifies the spirit of France even as does his colleague, Cardinal Mercier, that of Belgium."
Whitney B. Wright, T. M. U. 133.
Every member of the Service should keep the Headquarters advised of any change in address. We have been unable to send the notice of the Reunion to some of the men, as the addresses we have for them in our files no longer reach them, and we can not now send this Bulletin to others, owing to the fact that the preliminary notices were returned undelivered from the addresses on our records. The names of the men we have been unable to notify of the meeting in New York are given below. If any one who reads this, knows the addresses of any of the men here listed, will he kindly send them in to us, so that we may get in touch with them in time for them to plan to attend the Reunion.
|Adams, Eustace L.||Honens, Wm. H.|
|Austin, Kenneth LeRoy||Johnson, Herbert S.|
|Bartlett, Edward O.||Johnson, Ralph B.|
|Bentley, William Hubert||Kaiser, Millard P.|
|Brumback, Theodore B.||Kenan, Dr. Owen|
|Buell, William Hart||Kenneth, S. Gaston|
|Carothers, Thomas Abbott||Kline, Franklin L.|
|Carson, James LeRoy||Langfeld, Alfred|
|Church, William P.||LeTourneau, Leon J.|
|Condell, George H.||Littell, Robert|
|Coughlin, Joseph Aloysius||Malin, Walter R.|
|Curley, Edmond Joseph||McCarthy, William W.|
|Denison, Merrill||McCreedy, Charles E.|
|Etter, Benjamin F.||Nelson, Henry W.|
|Fay, William P.||Newcomb, Frank S. L.|
|Fogle, Charles B.||O'Neill, James A.|
|Fraser, William S.||Paradise, Robert C.|
|Fussell, Raymond H.||Pohlman, Gerhard W.|
|Garvin, George K., Jr.||Reid, Hugh Houston|
|Gaston, Kenneth S.||Resor, William E.|
|Guthrie, Ramon Hollister||Rice, Durant|
|Gwynne, William M.||Ryan, Dolph F.|
|Harvey, Herbert Stanley||Ryan, Thomas S.|
|Haviland, Willis B.||Shober, Samuel L. Jr.|
|Hill, Ralph Brownell||Sisson, Walter Coffin|
|Hoffman, Philip H.||Smith, Hawley L.|
|Holt, William S.||Smith, Thomas J.|
|Talmage, Frank M.||Whitman, Alfred M.|
|Whiddon, Harold E.||Wilson, Thomas F.|
|White, James M.||Youmans, Charles LeRoy|
|White, Valmah Sherman||Young, Walter Leroy|
In order to complete a set of "The Radiator," a copy of each of the following numbers: Vol. I, Nos. 11, 14 and 16; Vol, II, No. 8. I have extra copies of several other numbers of "The Radiator" which I should be glad to give in exchange for the missing numbers.
A. Piatt Andrew, Gloucester, Mass.