FROM New York the word sped forth and on the afternoon and evening of Friday, the 29th of April, 1921, the clans began to gather. From North, West, South, and East they came in flocks and droves by hook and crook, and there was much slapping on backs and frantic hand shaking---together with other and more evident forms of renewing long lost friendship. The Hotel Pennsylvania became for the nonce a sort of diluted rue Raynouard where one ran into old friends on stairways and discussed old times along the corridors. Half-forgotten French words crept into the conversation and old scenes were drawn from the dusty hiding places of the imagination to stand out vividly in all their color and romance. The boat-Bordeaux-Paris-numero vingt-et-un (what an appropriate address!)---the train to the front * * * * * The hotel was full of ghosts!
There are vague memories of a hasty dinner somewhere and then the Smoker. It was good to see the old friendly faces again,---"Doc" Andrew and "Steve" Galatti and a hundred others including the indispensable Miss MacDonald without whom no Field Service function could possibly be,---though we all missed the kindly presence of "Harry" Sleeper. There were more jubilant meetings of old friends and much enthusiasm was manifested. Sections found themselves as a whole and plans for the lunches next day were explained. The Reunion was really under way.
President Joe Greenwood started things in a more formal way by describing some of the most interesting incidents of his recent trip through France. His account of the reconstruction---its scope and rapidity---particularly in places that we had all known and possibly had lived in, was very absorbing. Joe says the first thing they rebuild in a ruined town is the café. No doubt his statement is the result of careful personal investigation. Miss Robertson, formerly of the Y. M. C. A., sang and played for us most entertainingly, rendering some of the songs with which she cheered the homesick doughboy in other days. A few reels of the Field Service pictures, the same as were shown last year, were run through with "Jerry" providing an appropriate musical background at the piano, and were received with a great deal of enthusiasm. Those who missed them last year were particularly interested to see the little gray cars in action again. There were scenes showing the cantonments, the loading of the cars with wounded, the trip back to the hospital, and finally a section convoy through a ruined village that nearly everyone recognized as Montzéville or Bras or Jouy or Prosnes or one of a hundred other well-remembered haunts. Lt. Oliveau, known to all Field Service men who went through Meaux, spoke briefly expressing his pleasure at being again in a Field Service gathering, after which were shown the movies of the Victory Parade in Paris on July 14th, 1919, this being the first time they have been displayed in this country. The pictures showed the tremendous crowd lining the Champs Elysées, with flags and streamers everywhere, and, marching through l'Arc de Triomphe, the soldiers of France. There were close-ups of the great chiefs, Joffre, Foch, Pétain, Gouraud, Pau, Mangin. With the strains of Sambre et Meuse in our ears and the sight of those marching figures in blue, there wasn't one of us who didn't feel a thrill run up and down his spine for the days and the associations that were. The evening ended with some more singing and towards eleven those who had not partaken too freely of the cider and maple sugar provided by the committee (by the way, the maple sugar was a very generous gift from a member of the Service) dispersed to other places of entertainment (of which it is said there were still a few in New York), or sought their bunks in preparation for the celebration yet to come.
The business meeting Saturday morning at the Hotel Pennsylvania was not largely attended but a great deal of business was disposed of as will be seen from a glance at the minutes. The section lunches were next on the program and from all accounts each one was more successful than the next. We had a feeling that our own was no slouch of an event but according to reports it was as the annual outing of the Second Methodist Sunday School compared to the exciting times enjoyed by the others. At any rate they were all memorable parties and for those who could have and didn't go we have only pity. The revelry lasted far into the afternoon till it was time to dress for the dinner.
By the time Ambassador Jusserand and the other guests arrived the lobby of the ballroom was filled with a crowd that was---to express it accurately---"all set". The tables in the big room which was decorated with the section flags as last year, were numbered according to the sections, so that everyone had no difficulty in finding their places except where some eighteen men tried to crowd around one table. The Norton-Harjes men who were especially invited to the banquet had their own tables as did the trustees of the Field Service Fellowships Fund. The dinner was excellent and whether on account of the delicious food or natural high spirits it was soon evident that everyone was in the best of humor. Mme. Espinasse who kindly consented to sing the Marseillaise was received with vigorous acclaim. The whole room stood at salute as the wonderful notes rang out and all joined in the singing of the final chorus. It was second only in impressiveness to the minute of silent tribute to the memory of the dead of the Service. The orchestra under the direction of M. Alberto Bachman, played almost continuously during the dinner---songs that were so familiar and that we have sung so lustily in our day, though we never have known the words ---Madelon de la Victoire, Au Près de ma Blonde, as well as some of our own American songs. Never did the walls of the Pennsylvania reverberate as they did to the outpourings of those five hundred voices. As the coffee was put on the table the newly-elected President of the Association, Austin B. Mason, rose to secure order. Some say that it took him three quarters of an hour to make himself heard, but that is gross exaggeration as it wasn't over forty minutes. After Mason's short opening speech, Col. Andrew as toastmaster spoke briefly, introducing the other speakers in turn, first Mr. Eliot Norton, the brother of Richard Norton, the organizer of the Norton-Harjes sections, and then Ambassador Herrick, to whom he presented the handsomely engrossed tribute of the Service, which is mentioned elsewhere. After Mr. Herrick's speech which was greeted with prolonged applause Col. Andrew then presented Ambassador Jusserand with an embossed copy of the pledge to France adopted at the business meeting and signed by practically every man present at the dinner, a copy of which is given on another page. M. Jusserand, who typifies all the fine and lovable qualities of the French race that the associations of the war taught us, spoke in reply and his words of friendship and appreciation were received with a tremendous burst of cheering. Then followed a stimulating address by Mr. Paul D. Cravath, president of the Fellowship Board of Trustees, and the evening was crowned and closed with a characteristically entertaining talk by Will Irwin, who had visited many of the sections during the war.
Ladies and Gentlemen: This is our second annual reunion and we hope there are going to be many more. It is wonderful to see so many of the members, friends and guests of the Old Field Service assembled together.
It is my privilege as your new president, and I deem it a very great honor, to welcome you all;---distinguished guests, some of whom we hope to hear speak tonight,---ambulance men who did the same work as we did and who are giving us a great deal of pleasure by participating tonight.
Fellowship trustees, members and friends of the Field Service, and last but the most beloved, the mothers and fathers of the men who gave their all in the great war, (Applause) I welcome you all, particularly the ladies.
We hold our reunion and recall old times including many hardships and privations, a great many good times, much satisfied. We look back with pride and pleasure to our service with the French Army. Our Association is not organized however, in order to live in the past. We must look forward to new tasks and accomplish new things. One task which we have is to bring the number of Fellowships up to its full quota, 127 Fellowships, one for each of our comrades who fell in the war.
Our constitution proclaims that one of our chief aims is to promote friendship and fraternal feeling between France and the United States. We wish France to get her full desserts as a result of victory because she, as we, fought for liberty and the right. We deplore the insidious German propaganda now going on in this country systematically working to defeat this end.
In the name of the American Field Service Association I wish to offer to the representative of France, his Excellency, Ambassador Jusserand (Applause, everybody rising),---as I say, in the name of the American Field Service Association I wish to offer to the representative of France, Ambassador Jusserand, the services of our Association, to be used in any practical way which will further the friendship and fraternal feeling between his country and ours.
We all feel and take pride in our American citizenship, and I am sure you will agree with me that in showing and proving by acts our friendship for France it makes us be better Americans.
There has been selected a toastmaster to conduct the subsequent events of the evening. He needs no introduction. You all know him as one who with Mr. Sleeper and Mr. Galatti, and in spite of innumerable obstacles, built up the American Field Service and made it an organization that will go down in history.
I take pleasure in introducing Colonel Andrew. (Applause)
Mr. President, Your Excellencies, Ladies and other Honored Guests, and Comrades of the Great War: Once more we have come back from all parts of the country, we whose happiest memory and proudest boast is to have served with the soldiers of France. (Applause)
We have come here not merely to revive old memories. I met in the Harvard Club the other day an old Field Service man and on leaving him I said, "I suppose we shall meet at the reunion at the end of the week?" He replied, "No, I do not think I shall go to the reunion." And I with some astonishment said, "Why? You are not forgetting the old days in France?" "No," he replied, "I could never forget those days in France, but that is just the reason I am not going to the reunion. I don't want to have those memories confused with any other memories." As I don't suppose that he is here tonight I may say that I consider him somewhat of a crank. You know what a crank is. It is something you cannot turn. But I think I understood a little of what he meant when he said that it was not necessary to come to a reunion to revive old memories.
The memories of the great days we spent together in France will always be with us, and it makes no difference if any one of us were to spend the rest of his life in some deserted island in the South Seas and never again saw a Field Service comrade, he would still have with him living and strong the memories of those wonderful days that we spent together in war-ridden villages in France, the memories of those long dark nights that we spent on the roads over there, teeming with the never-ceasing traffic of war, the memories of glorious ceremonies in which our comrades and our sections were decorated, and when we used to feel ---I am sure all of us---like Laurence Sterme in his "Sentimental Journey in France" that "they do these things better in France," and memories also of very poignant moments when those whom we had lived with and worked with and played with and bunked with were laid away to their eternal rest.
And now I want to ask every man here to stand for a moment in silence in recollection of those comrades of our great days and nights in France who are not here with us tonight. (All rose and remained in silence).
There have come a number of telegrams from different parts of the country intended for us all and I am going to read them in the order in which they happen to be here.
The first is from Chicago, Illinois, signed by Louis G. Caldwell. It says, "Enthusiastic dinner held here last night. Heartiest congratulations to New York Reunion. When are you all coming to Chicago?" (Applause).
And the next one comes from Boston (reading telegram): Regret you cannot all be in Madame Tobac's abri, Copley Plaza, Boston. Good luck. E. P. Prescott, F. O. Robinson."
I have a telegram which came tonight from one whom you all know and would like to have seen here with us tonight but who on account of ill health is unable to be here, Henry Sleeper. (Applause). "Bitterly disappointed that continued illness prevents my being with you this year. I owe you all the best experience that life could have given, and my utmost wish is that you may harvest through your future some of the generosity you put into the making of the Field Service. [s] Henry Sleeper."
Now here is a cable that came from Paris from one who was a friend of us all over there and who in the first days did perhaps more than anyone else to make our co-operation possible. "Please remember me to all the boys. My association with them is one of my pleasantest memories." It is from Mrs. Vanderbilt. (Applause).
Here is a telegram from Indianapolis. It says, "Fifteen members of the Embryo Indiana Branch send heartiest congratulations. We are small in numbers but strong in enthusiasm. Every Indianian will be in the fold. [s] Philip C. Lewis."
Here is a telegram from San Francisco, from the far western branch: "Vive la France; souvenirs immortels des grands jours d'autrefois."
The next telegram comes from Paris and it is from a man whom you will all remember from the very first experiences that you had upon your arrival in France when he gave you very good advice which, I think, most of you took. That is Dr. Edmund Gros. "Regret impossibility attending reunion. Am with you in thought. May the spirit of the Field Service ever survive. [s] Edmund Gros." (Applause).
Here is another cable from Paris from that charming French lady who put at our disposal for more than three years the wonderful park and buildings there: "Fidèle souvenir aux membres du Field Service, Pionniers de notre Alliance. [s] Comtesse de la Villestreux."
Then you will remember having seen and having looked up to in France the man who was at the head not only of our service but of one hundred and sixty thousand other automobile drivers in France, Commandant Doumenc: "Salut fraternal à nos frères d'armes; vivent les amis de la France."
I have another cable here from Paris, and I do not believe there are many of you who would guess from whom it came, but it came from a lady whom it was the delight of many of us to have seen over there and who was, after all, the favorite of the whole American Expeditionary Forces. It says, "Greetings to all. Sorry we are not there. [s] Elsie Janis, and mother."
And last of all I have another cable from Paris from the hero of Verdun, Maréchal Pétain. (Loud applause). "A l'occasion de la deuxième réunion de l'American Field Service vous adresse affectueux compliments et expression de gratitude pour l'aide matérielle et morale généreusement offerte aux premiers jours de la guerre.
We had hoped to have with us here tonight the National Commander of the American Legion who in recent weeks has upon so many occasions and in such appropriate manner shown his interest and devotion to France and his abhorrence of the re-emerging German serpent,---Colonel Galbraith. (Applause).
Colonel Galbraith writes and asks that this letter be read: "It would be a distinct honor and privilege for me to be present at this meeting and to pay tribute to the splendid men who gave of themselves so freely before the United States entered the World War and who continued to serve up to the last. The great organization which I have the honor to represent pays tribute to those men and glories in their record of service. It is with the deepest regret that I am obliged to decline the invitation because of an important engagement made some months ago, which takes me out of the city on the dates named. I hope you will read my message to your splendid comrades and with assurances of my regard, I remain, Cordially yours, [s] F. W. Galbraith, Jr., National Commander." (Applause).
We are all of us bound by many affiliations, we are bound to those with whom we went to school and to college. We are bound to those who are fellow members of clubs and fraternities. We are bound to political parties and churches.
For reasons that I should not want to state in public, I attended several schools in my boyhood and at least two colleges, and at one time I was a church member in good standing. But I want to say this, and I say it with all sincerity, that there is no tie on earth that binds me more firmly to others of my fellow men than the tie of having been with them in the service of France in the early days of the war before our country had yet recognized the paths along which its duty and its destiny lay. (Applause).
Very early in the war when we were just emerging from our Field Service shell and coming into existence, another group of men were preparing to serve the French Army in the same way that we were preparing to do so. Their leader was an American who had already added fresh lustre to a name distinguished in American arts and letters, who had left a brilliant career to enter upon this world crusade, and in the years that followed, that little group of men grew in numbers just as we did, and it showed its devotion to France with the same ardor and the same effectiveness that we did.
We met them over and over again along the front. We saluted them as comrades at Verdun and in Champagne and on the Aisne, and we are very happy to greet them again as comrades, the members of the Norton-Harjes Service who, are here with us now. (Applause).
Their leader gave himself unsparingly to the war, but Richard Norton did not survive to see the victory. Tonight we have with us Eliot Norton, his brother, who during all of these formative years of the service represented the service in this country devotedly and efficiently, and I am going to ask Mr. Eliot Norton if he will not say a word to you.
Mr. Eliot Norton addressed those present at the reunion.
Col. Andrew then read the illuminated pledge to France, signed by the members of the Field Service. (See Minutes of Business Meeting.) Presenting this pledge, he introduced His Excellency, Monsieur Jules Jusserand, Ambassador of France, who spoke as follows:
Mr. President, Mr. Toastmaster, Ladies and Gentlemen; you especially young men who served in France, some in the Army, some in the aviation, some as Ambulance drivers or lorry drivers, all risking your lives, I greet you, and for all you did and continue to do, I thank you from my heart. And in a particular way, most respectfully do I bow before those who sit at these tables so appropriately invited to represent their own sons, dead in Flanders fields and elsewhere in the soil of liberated France. So that the reunion is complete; all the names are here; the roll may be called, even the dead are not absent.
People have known, over there, of your meeting, and their hearts beat in unison with yours, witness the telegrams you have just listened to. I shall add one: none more authoritative; it has just reached me and it comes from the President of the French Republic, Monsieur Millerand. It is as follows:
"To the 'elite' represented by the American Field Service, I am happy to send a congratulatory message on the occasion of its annual meeting. A number among you have fallen at the front by the side of our soldiers. You have thought that it was appropriate to replace those braves by other braves. You do the honor to France of asking her to help in forming those men and in this view you intend sending to our universities as many young students as you have had dead comrades to mourn for. We are proud of your confidence; we shall know how to justify it; you may be sure that we shall teach your juniors to be worthy of their elders. On behalf of France I send you friendly greetings. Signed: MILLERAND".
Now I must put you to your test; you have been in France a long time; you are most of you graduates from the universities, you must know things and languages. So I shall read to you the French text, in order that you have the very words of President Millerand:
"A l'élite que représente le Service en campagne, je suis heureux d'adresser un message de félicitations à l'occasion de sa réunion annuelle.
Beaucoup des vôtres sont tombés sur le front à côté de nos soldats. Vous avez pensé qu'il fallait remplacer ces braves par d'autres braves. Vous faites à la France l'honneur de lui demander de former ces hommes, et dans ce but, vous envoyez dans nos universités autant de jeunes étudiants que vous avez eu de morts à déplorer. Nous sommes fiers de votre confiance: nous saurons la justifier; vous pouvez être sûrs que nous apprendrons à ces cadets à être dignes de leurs aînés.
Au nom de la France, je vous adresse un salut amical.
President Millerand is a man of decision and of few words; he says only what he feels and just as he feels it; you know now just what he feels about your association.
For the second time since 1914, 1 visited France last summer, and you may perhaps like to know how I found her.
I found her still suffering, and more than ever working; suffering less for working so much. The task is immense but we are at it with the same energy and certainty of success as cheered in the worst days your comrades in arms at Verdun. For public utilities which had to be attended to first, roads, railroads, bridges, canals, etc., the work is about complete. The whole territory has been, or nearly so, cleared of trenches and barbed wire; more than half is already under actual cultivation; most of what remains of the original four million and a half inhabitants have returned, living it is true, many of them, in chance hovels, huts or dugouts, with tuberculosis a constant danger. Concerning houses, 600,000 of which have to be rebuilt or repaired, or mines injured beyond description, the task is so colossal that, in spite of relentless effort and enormous expense, the work done scarcely shows. Mines like those at Lens which used to give 3 million and a half of coal before the war, yielded last year 3 thousand.
With respect to trade, February last was for us a very great month. For the first time the trade balance was in our favor. Producing to the utmost, restricting our own wants, we sold abroad more than we bought.
Some not over-friendly observers insinuate now and then that we do not pay enough taxes. It is a fact that a large proportion of our taxes, being indirect ones, are not so obvious to the casual on-looker. But it is a fact too that, before the war, we paid 130 francs taxation per head and we pay now 570. Has ever a. victorious nation submitted to such a burden? We submit to it, and to such an. extent that the whole of our normal budget including the interest of the debt now balances. What upsets the equilibrium is reparations, for which we cannot wait, and Germany, though bound to do so, does not pay. The deficit for the present year due to reparations threatens to be something like 16 billion francs.
Note withal that those instalments which we are claiming from Germany, and which some are pleased to call exorbitant, will inflict on her, for a time, less than the yearly increase of the interest on our debt which generation after generation of French people will have endlessly to pay.
To our request the Germans answer by counter proposals, so obscure that, as one of your papers put it, one must, in, order to understand them, not only have a table of logarithms at one's elbow, but enjoy the gift of second sight. One thing however is clear in their statement: they want the regime of sanctions, as being apparently barbaric in their eyes, to be suppressed.
As to which, simply remember this: for the cost of the war which has caused us to increase so terribly our taxation, we ask nothing. In 1871 the Germans made us pay for the cost of the war the sum of five billion francs, considered then a fantastic amount, and having imposed sanctions, not at all barbaric then in their eyes, they occupied our territory until the last cent was paid.
We shall go on, do our duty, work to the utmost, obey the commands of justice, ready to relent if ever the day comes, when the enemy understands the wrong he has done and honestly repents, not before; sustained by the good will and good wishes of a nation, none like it for warm heartedness and capacity for enthusiasm, the American nation.
One more token of these dispositions has been given by you today in voting this resolution so noble in its aim and in its wording. One of its promoters, Mr. Oswald Chew, of Radnor, wrote me on this occasion in words that I shall never forget: "Nous avons souffert avec la France, mais ça nous a fait du bien, car souffrir avec la France, c'est grandir avec elle".
With the same sentiments our ancestors had come from France at the time of the alliance of 1778; the same sentiments shall ever survive among the future generations in both our countries.
It is said that lightning never strikes twice in the same place and that history never repeats itself but we know that French history did repeat itself very fortunately for the world and very gloriously on the Marne. And we know that today, history is again repeating itself very fortunately for the world and very gloriously for us in the return of our former Ambassador to France. (Applause).
He is one,---we might say---of the doctors who presided at the birth of the Field Service. He has been its devoted friend and counselor ever since. We are .all very happy that Mr. Herrick is going back to France and, I think, there is not a mother's son of us who does not wish that he were going back with him. (Applause).
Now we all agree with what His Excellency, the Ambassador of France, had to say about Mr. Herrick and, in fact, we had already subscribed to that same opinion in the document which was adopted this morning at the meeting of the Field Service Association, and which I am going to read again for the benefit of our honored guests, and in doing so present this testimonial to Mr. Herrick, and then let him speak to us.
This is the document:
"To His Excellency, MYRON T. HERRICK, twice Ambassador to France, WHEREAS, the President of the United States has fittingly chosen you to be once more the representative of America in France,
WE, two thousand members of the American Field Service who served with the French Armies during the early years of the war, respectfully remembering your fearless advocacy of justice and the Cause of France from the first dark hours of the Marne, desire to express our pride and satisfaction in your appointment, our heartfelt friendship, and our united confidence that in your hands is safe the honor due the chivalry of France."
Fellows, the next Ambassador of the United States to France, Mr. Myron T. Herrick! (Applause, everybody rising).
Mr. Ambassador, Mr. Toastmaster, Ladies and Members of the Field Service: If I could really tell you what is in my heart and what is in my mind it would fill a library.
But I am overwhelmed with the way that the people of my own country and the people of France have seemed to, I will not say appreciated but over-appreciated, what seemed to me a simple service. There are some outstanding facts, however. I do love France as I love my own country and I can understand the feeling of Colonel Andrew when he said to you tonight what is uppermost in his mind. For he told me today that for some reason we, who have been over there, return again to the peaceful pursuits and find that our interest in them seems to be lost so long as the world is still in peril, and civilization still in jeopardy. There is one thought that is uppermost in our minds and that rises above our personal interest every day, and you must feel it, every one of you. You know that you cannot return to your tasks while the fruits of that victory so nobly won still hang in the balance.
I noted the other day that President Poincaré said: "America sent millions to make war but she sent only one man to make peace. If America could have understood---for America seemed to feel the victory was won when the Armistice was declared---if she could have understood that that was but the first phase of the War; and if our representatives could have understood that we should have sent to the Peace men of character, intelligence and ability in numbers commensurate with those that we sent to the War---"then possibly it might have been different today." (Applause).
But all the more has it become necessary that we who do understand that this second phase of the War is just as important as the first phase to win, should still be in the service. Whilst you were there in France, you of these different services, rendering a physical, actual service but at the same time coming in contact with this nation---this nation which through all these centuries has stood guard over civilization---you by that contact were creating a spiritual force that reacted on your country. And you are still in the service and I see you can understand it tonight, and until the Peace is made we shall be enduring, we shall and can be supporting, because the burden must be supported by the three great nations, four I will say, that stood at the front. Until that is done, Colonel Andrew, you cannot go back to plain every day life of peace. Neither can you. And that is our salvation, boys.
We have an obligation here in this nation, an obligation to restore again, because it cannot be restored without us, the balance of the universe, of the world of civilization as we know it and care for it. And in that service that you gave there, in that service that rescued us in the beginning,---that must by the same token rescue us to conserve the fruits of peace---you have created a spiritual force which must be mobilized to make us better understand that we cannot go back again, as you say you cannot go back again,---and God forbid that you do go back again.
Let that spiritual force that has pervaded all the Allies that fought, that has broken down the barriers and brought them together, let it pervade our nation. Let it so inspire our people that our first business shall be citizenship, as it was in the peaceful years before that of material gain. Until we do that and understand it, as only you boys can understand it who have been there, it is not possible.
If there should be a separation between England and France it would be a calamity to the world. If there should be a separation between France and America,---and there never will be another, will there?---should there be a separation of any of these powers it would be a calamity and a death blow to civilization, in my opinion. (Applause).
I say that nine men out of ten, ninety-nine out of a hundred people in the United States, when they look at the map, believe we have been rather self-contained. We have looked after our affairs and we go happily, gayly along looking after our own daily tasks. But it is you, the boys who have come back, and the two million other boys that fought in the service and who have gone back again among the people of their homes, who understand this situation. They have not been talking very much but they know and they understand what must be done.
We look upon France as what we see, as continental France. Ninety-nine out of a hundred, I would say, merely look at France as that. They do not seem to understand that in her colonial possessions she covers an area equal to the United States, Alaska and the Philippines, and controls the destinies of eighty millions of people. That is France. Her influence is far reaching and there is something, you will agree, you boys who have been among her people, there is something surprising in what the two thousand years of civilized living, has wrought into the fibre and character of those people.
They mingled easily with us. That is one thing you respect. And I can see here to-night, although the boys came home and talked about high prices and about some of the trifling things,---that when the time comes when there is any doubt about garnering the fruits of that victory, which they so hardly won,---all those things are forgotten. It is only the fundamental things that remain, and those are the ties that constitute the unwritten covenant which is stronger and more binding and more lasting because it is instinctive in the boys and girls that are going on now, as you are going on, to the management of American affairs. It is an instinctive love for the nations that stood between us and disaster, because that red line was the frontier of civilization. It was the battle of human rights that was fought there. Keep on thinking as you do. Tell all the people at home that the obligation rests upon us, the obligation again to restore the balance of the world. It is up to America, and if we understand and appreciate that, then this arbitrament of the difficulties will come out all right.
Why, think of it! If our two million boys who went over there were sleeping under the poppies in France then that would equal the loss of France in her population.
There is something in the trend of human events of which the manifest destiny, the proper conclusions were reached when that Army came over into Belgium. There seemed to be no possible force that could stop or stay its progress, but there was an intangible thing, something that nobody saw, an intangible force. I think Cardinal Mercier mobilized that force, for it was the spiritual force and all rallied to it, and that force won the war.
Now we need one thing today in these gloomy times. We have a great potentiality, a great force in America, and one of these days it is going to come. The unfriendliness, the meanness, the scum that has come out through this war, the enmity and everything else will one day give way to a beautiful optimism. America will again smile when the indemnity is fixed---the world will smile---and then we will go gayly to our task, and that spiritual force of good nature is going to put the world and civilization on the upward trend again.
You,---"my fellows," I am going to say because I belong to you, I began with you and I feel that I am just starting again,---Let us fight out this battle to win, until the time comes, and it is near, when the world is to smile again, and all the signs of gloom disappear.
We will go back to our business then. You will be contented to go home. You will be contented to demobilize then, but do not demobilize until the fruits that victory so dearly bought are won. (Applause).
Mr. Toastmaster, Your Excellencies, and Ladies and Gentlemen: I rarely have yearned to be young as I have yearned tonight. As I look into your young faces I envy your youth, I envy your enthusiasm, I envy your memories and, above all, I envy your capacity for being happy with no stimulant except the music of a band. (Laughter).
I am to speak tonight on behalf of the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities of which I am the unworthy but very proud president. You men did a great service for France but you did a greater service for your own country. (Applause). During those first years of the war when the hands of America were tied at her side, you carried to France that message of sympathy which was in the hearts of the American people and which was no less sincere because it could not find expression in the united action of our nation.
You men of the American Field Service and the men of the Norton-Harjes' Service were the first Americans to reach the field of battle in France. You propose to be the last to leave,---you propose never to leave it because of the wise plans that have been formulated by your officers.
After the war had ended, after the glorious victory had come, after the clouds of battle had rolled aside, your leaders met to determine what monument would most fittingly do honor to the memory of your comrades who died upon the field of battle. They determined that it should not be a shaft of stones or a temple of marble; that the most fitting memorial to your comrades would be a living memorial that would perpetuate the tradition of service, the service to France for which they died.
They determined to establish in memory of the heroes of your organization this Society which would establish Fellowships to enable American scholars to complete their education in France.
It happened that at about the same time that devoted and untiring friend of France, Mr. Charles A. Coffin (Applause-everybody rising), and John Wigmore, and other associates having the same plan, formed the American Society for Fellowships in French Universities, and soon the two organizations were united in the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities.
And I am to tell you, in a very few words because the hour is late, something about the present condition and aims of that organization. We are maintaining today thirty students, thirty American students in French Universities by means of the income from a large sum which your trustees have transferred to the Fellowship account, by means of the income from other funds and by annual donations chiefly secured through Mr. Coffin, so that today our organization can devote to the support of our thirty fellows in France the equivalent of the income from about seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars. That, gentlemen, is the beginning of a monument that you have erected to your comrades who have died in France.
It is the hope of your trustees and the friends of this movement that from time to time new Fellowships will be created so that in the end there will be 127 Fellowships, each of a capital sum of $25,000, and each to be a memorial for one of your comrades who died in France. It is the hope of your trustees that you of the American Field Service will from time to time do all in your power to encourage contributions toward these additional memorial Fellowships.
Now a few words as to the terms on which these Fellowships are offered to American scholars. They are offered only to graduates of American universities and colleges who desire to complete their training in France. They are awarded upon scholastic records in colleges and universities and upon personal character by an impartial and independent committee. They are not confined---it is not the desire they should be confined---to members of the American Field Service. They are open to all and awarded solely upon the basis of merit and character.
But it will not surprise you to be told that of the thirty fellows chosen from more than three hundred applicants by an impartial committee no less than ten are veterans of the American Field Service. (Applause). And I think that every one of that thirty served in some branch of the American activities in France, most of them in the American Expeditionary Force.
It is surprising and gratifying to your trustees to find how intense is the interest in these Fellowships and in education in France as the result of this movement. This year there were three hundred candidates, twice as many as the year before, for these Fellowships. There were at least seventy-five of those candidates who would have been exceptionally worthy fellows to represent this country in France and yet but twenty Fellowships could be awarded inasmuch as ten of the fellows now in France were allowed to renew their Fellowships for another year.
The reports from our fellows now in France are most encouraging and enthusiastic. They are delighted with their surroundings. They are delighted with the courtesies that they receive from their professors and their fellow students in French universities, and it is very largely because of their enthusiastic reports that there is this rapidly growing demand in almost all of our colleges and universities for an opportunity to compete for these Fellowships. If we had five hundred Fellowships they could easily be placed, so great is the desire of American scholars to complete their education in France.
What more fitting monument could have been erected to the memory of your fellow comrades than this living memorial? Because through it you have perpetuated the spirit of service. That has been the watchword of your order. What measure could do more toward perpetuating that structure of friendship between this country and France that was built during the war and that was cemented by blood than this intellectual relationship, the moral relationship between the two nations that is being established through these scholars whom you are sending to France? After a few years it is inevitable that as the result of the influences which you have set in motion, as the result of the enthusiasm of the American scholars whom you have sent to France, it will become the rule and not the exception, as it was before the war, that American scholars seeking to complete their education abroad will give the first choice to France. (Applause).
And so it should be, because has not France for centuries been the light of the world, and has that light ever been more bright and luminous throughout the world than it is today?
I am sure that at this critical period in the history of the world, at this moment of suspense, when decisions that may direct the currents of history for centuries are hanging in the balance, we all, we all desire to join in a message to the people of France through their great ambassador, a message as to which you have in a great measure already joined, and that message is this: That whatever may be the material needs and preferences of the United States, whatever differences of opinion regarding economic problems that now confront the world, whatever may be the peculiar ambitions of the United States, we Americans place first and above all the two fundamental needs of France, the two basic rights of France. One is the right to receive reparation from the Germans up to their full ability to pay (Applause), and the other is the right of security against another unprovoked and wanton attack by Germany. (Applause).
Those, I am sure, Mr. Andrew, are the two fundamental rights and needs of France that are recognized in a substantial unanimity by the American people. And, gentlemen, that world peace for which all nations so fervently yearn will not be secured until the pledge which you men of the American Field Service have tonight given to the people of France through their ambassador has become the pledge of the American people, (Applause), and the conviction has been carried to the heart of France and to the head of Germany that whatever be our ambitions in America, that however strong may be our desire to maintain our seclusion and our independence and be free from entanglements in European politics, that if ever again France is the victim of an unprovoked attack by Germany the American people will go at once, as did the men of the American Field Service six years ago, and rush to the side of France and stand by her side against the common foe of the world. (Applause).
If the world can be convinced, as it should be, that your pledge is the pledge of the American people, then the peace of the world is secured and that, gentlemen, is the spirit of the American Field Service, that is the spirit of your comrades who died in France, to whose memory you have erected this living memorial of service and devotion to France. (Applause, all rising).
Mr. Toastmaster, Your Excellencies, Ladies, Gentlemen, and Fellows: My first acquaintance with your organization, my first intimate acquaintance came to me along with my first intimate meeting with their dogs. I had started with Vic White's ambulance to make the old team run to the tunnel and Vic and I treaded the roads in the darkness amongst the loose hardware past the good Dead Man's Corner, and came up on to the platform. Vic afterwards told a friend of mine that I was very cool. Gentlemen, I was very cool. I was frozen. (Laughter). In unusual situations of that kind quickness of thought about your conduct is always very helpful.
Parenthetically, I think the quickest example, the greatest example of quick thinking ever given in New York was given by my old friend John Hurtig over in the Waldorf-Astoria. John Hurtig was an old prospector and afterwards railroad construction boss in Colorado, Wyoming and Montana. John had lived and worked in the camps all his life and lived mostly on canned foods. John was particularly and especially fond of canned lobster. He liked canned lobster above all things. It used to come in little tins like that, and John had a picture in his mind somewhere of his favorite food as a small thing about so long that hung around the rocks, and John had heard of this broiled live lobster that you get in New York, and he said if he ever came to New York he was going to have some of these broiled live lobsters. He made his pile. The day came. He stopped at Denver and got his outfit of clothes and registered at the Waldorf-Astoria. And the first evening he went down to dinner he sat down, and after a procrastinated look at the menu he said, "Bring to me some broiled live lobsters."
And the waiter said, "Some broiled live lobsters?" He said, "Yes, I want some broiled live lobsters." And the waiter said, "Oh, yes, how many?" And he said, "About a dozen." And the waiter said, "A dozen broiled live lobsters?" And he said, "Yes, a dozen broiled live lobsters." The waiter said, "Very well."
Presently the head waiter came over and said, "Do I understand that you want a dozen broiled live lobsters?" And he said, "Yes, I want a dozen broiled live lobsters, and I want to know what all this kick is about. Don't you think I got the money to pay for them? I want a dozen broiled live lobsters." The head waiter said, "Oh, very well. We simply wanted to know if the order was right." And John waited and perused his evening newspaper, and after ten or fifteen minutes a procession marched from the serving room that made everybody rubber. There came the head waiter with eleven other waiters and each carried a broiled live lobster.
There is where John did some quick thinking. He said to the head waiter, "Just keep them moving." So they moved around, each one showing him his lobster, and when they got all around and lined up John said, "Serve me number .five. God knows that is the only way to get a decent lobster in New York." (Laughter).
Now, gentlemen, just then Vic said, "I think they are going to do curtain fire. I think they are going to sweep." And Vic did not specify at which end of the curtain, we were going to be, and it occurred to me, although it was four o'clock in the morning, that the proper thing for a war correspondent to do was to stand guard with his glasses. And Vic said afterwards I was cool but he also said, "I can't think why he always looked through the wrong end of his glasses."
Gentlemen, I had a yarn to spin to you tonight but I am going to spare it to another occasion because it is getting on toward bedtime, and I am only going to drive in, perhaps in other words, a few of the things that were said tonight.
You were the pioneers in that glorious company that went over there, 1914 to 1918, for the cause that grew dear in time to all our hearts. The American Army came in 1917 and 1918 as one addition in the Argonne and its battles but far back of that you who are here had on your banners Ypres and the Arras, and Dunkirk and Champagne. You participated in all the early battles of that great struggle while our men who lie now in France were comfortable in their offices or their farms or their homes.
Now we old-timers in this war, we who came early, have a big feeling for France. We might as well look face to face tonight and recognize, as we all know, that a lot of the boys came back saying hard things of France, but when you look into those cases you always find it was some fellow who landed there in 1918, who was thrown into the mud at the embarkation camp and who was shot up to a small French village without a chance to see France, and, of course, he had a rotten time and it is only human not to like a place where you had a rotten time. But I have not found a single man who went there up to the end of 1919 who has not come back a lover of France. (Applause).
It has been said that every man of imagination has two countries, his own and France. (Applause). And I only want to add to what has been already said that there is a certain work here in this country for all of us to do. You know it is sometimes easier to do heroic things in the strain of great times like war than it is to stick to your course in the easy quiet times between. The propaganda against France, the propaganda of hate has arisen again among us. That propaganda was the thing that made us hesitate so long. It could not turn America but it made it hesitate. You know they say that truth crushed to earth will rise again, and that is true, but very often truth does not rise until the ten seconds have been counted and she is down and out. And it is up to us in these times to make ourselves a nucleus in this country to carry on the great spiritual favor that we worked up for our sister nation in the war, to be a nucleus of counter-propaganda, if you will, of counter-propaganda for France. (Applause, everybody rising).
Fellows: As this is the last time we will all be together and can express ourselves as a body, I know that you would like to have me express on your part a feeling of appreciation, which I know you all share, to those who have worked so hard to make this reunion a success, and I know I am only voicing what you all feel when I say that we owe a great deal to Archibald Dudgeon, Mr. Bosworth, Mr. MacDougall, Mr. Hinrichs, Mr. Preston, Mr. Strong, and Mr. De Vore for all they have done to make the arrangements which have made this reunion so successful.
I only want to remind you once more of our meeting tomorrow morning outside St. Thomas' Church at half past ten, and also to remind you that until the Ambassador leaves any who have not signed this pledge can do so. And now the orchestra will play the Star Spangled Banner, and we will all adjourn.
Je suis rentré d'Angleterre dimanche seulement dans la matinée. Il m'a donc été impossible de déférer à votre aimable désir et de vous envoyer le texte du câble que j'aurais été heureux de faire parvenir à mes amis du Field Service.
Je vous prie, à l'occasion, de vouloir bien leur exprimer mes regrets avec le témoignage de mon affectueux attachement.
Je vous prie de croire, Cher Monsieur, à mes sentiments les meilleurs.
THE Second Annual Business Meeting of the American Field Service Association was held at the Hotel Pennsylvania, New York, on Saturday, April 30, 1921, at 10 a. m. There were present fifty members of the Association, including the President, Secretary, Treasurer, and Messrs. Andrew, Galatti, and Stevenson of the Executive Committee.
Mr. Joseph R. Greenwood, President, called the meeting to order at 10.30 a.m. The minutes of the last Annual Meeting, and the last Executive Committee meeting were read and approved.
The President, Secretary, and Treasurer read their reports for the year 1920-1921.
Mr. William deFord Bigelow read the report of Mr. Mayo A. Darling, Secretary of the Boston Branch.
The President appointed a Committee composed of the following men for the preparation of Resolutions to be presented for the vote of the meeting: A. Piatt Andrew, Chairman; Thomas Bosworth; William H. C. Walker.
President Greenwood called upon Mr. Galatti, Vice President of the New York Branch, to report upon the formation and activities of that branch. After this report had been read, Mr. Ernest S. Clark, President of the Philadelphia Branch, made a report on that Branch.
President Greenwood presented a list of French officers, formerly connected with the Field Service, to be voted on for Honorary Membership in the Association. It was moved and seconded that these men be voted on collectively. This motion was passed unanimously, and by unanimous vote, they were elected Honorary Members.
It was moved and seconded to add to this list the following Frenchmen: Commandant Gélie, Lieutenant Thillard, M. Grimbert. The motion was passed unanimously.
Mr. Greenwood explained that in view of the difficulty of obtaining increased membership in the Association under the present form of its organization, it had been decided to divide it into local branches, under the direction of a General Headquarters. He called upon Mr. Bigelow, Chairman of the Constitution Revision Committee, to indicate the changes which that Committee suggested for the Constitution submitted at the last Annual meeting.
It was proposed that sons of Active Members be made eligible when of age for Active membership. A motion was passed that a Committee be appointed to consider this matter and report upon it at the next Annual Meeting.
It was proposed that the Constitution be further revised to safeguard the rights of absent members and to admit to Associate Membership men who served in the American Red Cross. A motion was passed that these proposed revisions be considered and reported on by the Committee appointed to consider the extension of Active Membership to sons of Members.
It was moved and seconded that the Constitution as revised be adopted as a whole. The motion was passed with one contrary vote.
A motion was passed that thanks be tendered to the Constitution Revision Committee, and that the Committee be relieved of its duties.
President Greenwood read the list of nominations for officers, prepared by the Nominating Committee as follows: President, Mr. Austin B. Mason; Vice President (one to be elected), Mr. John R. Fisher; Mr. Lovering Hill; Mr. John B. Whitton; Secretary, Mr. Archibald Dudgeon; Treasurer, Mr. Dallas D. L. McGrew; Directors to serve for the following year (four to be elected), Messrs. W. deFord Bigelow, Joseph R. Greenwood, William J. Bingham, William H. Wallace, Jr., Jefferson B. Fletcher, Charles Allen Butler, Preston J. Lockwood. No further nominations were made.
Mr. Mason was unanimously elected President. Mr. Whitton was elected Vice President. A motion was passed that this vote be made unanimous. Mr. Dudgeon and Mr. McGrew were unanimously elected Secretary and Treasurer respectively. A motion was passed that the election of four Directors be voted on by ballot, the four men receiving the highest number of votes to be elected. Messrs. Bigelow, Greenwood, Bingham, and Wallace, were elected Directors of the Association. A rising vote of thanks was given to the retiring officers.
President Mason called the attention of the members to the fact that the Association had a larger object than that of organizing Reunions and issuing Bulletins; namely, to promote the American Field Service Fellowships and to perpetuate the friendship and fraternal feeling between France and the United States.
A resolution to incorporate the Association was read by Mr. Joseph R. Greenwood as follows:
WHEREAS the American Field Service Association is an unincorporated association organized for the following purposes, as expressed in its Constitution:
THE Purpose of this Association shall be in general to perpetuate the memory of the life and work of the American Field Service in the World War, to keep alive the friendships of those years, and to promote mutual understanding and fraternal feeling between France and the United States. It shall also encourage and maintain social intercourse among its members; shall publish and distribute the Field Service Bulletin; shall co-operate with the Trustees of the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities; shall provide. through a committee in France, information and assistance for members of the Association and for American Field Service Fellows when in France, and, as opportunity offers, shall arrange for addresses by and the entertainment of Frenchmen visiting this country.
WHEREAS this Board is of opinion that it would be to the advantage of said Association and of all the members thereof for the members of said Association, pursuant to Section 5 of the Membership Corporations Law. of the State of New York, to authorize its directors to incorporate for the same purposes, under Article III of said Membership Corporations Law, with the corporate name AMERICAN FIELD SERVICE ASSOCIATION, INC.;
RESOLVED, that the Secretary be and hereby is authorized and directed to give notice of the intention so to incorporate at least thirty days before the annual meeting of this Association, personally or by mail, to each member of such Association whose residence or post office address is known, such notice to be substantially in the following form:
"By direction of the Board of Directors (Executive Committee) of the American Field Service Association, you are hereby notified that a proposition will be submitted to the members of said Association at the regular annual meeting thereof, to be held at the Pennsylvania Hotel, New York City, in the State of New York, on the 30th day of April, 1921, at ten o'clock in the forenoon thereof, to authorize the Directors (Executive Committee) of said Association pursuant to Section 5 of the Membership Corporations Law of the State of New York, to incorporate for the same purposes for which said Association is now organized, under Article III of the Membership Corporations Law, with the corporate name AMERICAN FIELD SERVICE ASSOCIATION, INC., to be adopted by such meeting, and that notice of the intention so to incorporate is hereby given to you."
The adoption of this resolution was moved and seconded and unanimously passed.
It was moved and seconded that the officers of the Association, and the three permanent members of the Board of Directors: Messrs. A. Piatt Andrew, Henry D. Sleeper, and Stephen Galatti, be made members of the Board of Directors under the Incorporation. A motion was passed instructing the Secretary to cast one vote electing these directors. The former motion, in so far as it conflicted with the second motion, was withdrawn. The Secretary cast a vote electing Messrs. Andrew, Sleeper, Galatti, Mason, Whitton, Dudgeon and McGrew, Directors.
Mr. Mason called upon Mr. Bosworth to present resolutions prepared by the Committee on Resolutions. A resolution was made that the American Field Service Association endeavor to co-operate in every way possible with the French War Veterans Association, the Norton-Harjes Ambulance Association, the Lafayette Escadrille, and the Foreign Legion, inasmuch as these organizations exist for similar purposes and similar ideals. This resolution was passed unanimously.
A resolution was made to present to Hon. Myron T. Herrick an expression of confidence of the men of the Field Service Association in his reappointment as Ambassador to France. The resolution, as follows, was passed unanimously:
WHEREAS, the President of the United States has fittingly chosen you to be once more the representative of America in France,
WE, two thousand members of the American Field Service who served with the French Armies during the early years of the war, respectfully remembering your fearless' advocacy of justice and the Cause of France from the first dark hours of the Marne, desire to express our pride and satisfaction in your appointment, our heartfelt friendship, and our united confidence that in your hands is safe the honor due the chivalry of France.
Mr. Oswald Chew read a resolution to be handed to Ambassador Jusserand, Objection was made that this resolution might cause a disagreeable situation later. After discussion as to its exact meaning, Mr. Andrew defined it as follows:
"This resolution is a beau geste; it is a very strong testimonial of our abiding feeling for France, which we should be glad to translate into action. It limits our actions by our ability and by our American citizenship."
Objections were withdrawn, and the resolution in the following form was passed unanimously:
WHEREAS, the members of the American Field Service, who served with the French Armies in the years before American participation, possess a deep and abiding feeling of friendship for France, and are in complete sympathy with her effort to secure protection from the danger of unrighteous invasion, and
WHEREAS, the aforesaid men are desirous of doing more than merely expressing kindly feeling and good wishes, and desire to express their feelings by acts rather than by words,
NOW, THEREFORE, be it resolved that the following members of the American Field Service met in reunion in New York this 30th day of April, 1921, do hereby solemnly pledge themselves, individually and collectively,
TO hold themselves ready to offer their services to France, in case her territory should ever again be subject to German aggression, to the limit of their ability in all ways compatible with their American citizenship;
AND then, and in the meantime, to do all in their power to perpetuate the ancestral friendship of France and their country.
Mr. Greenwood moved that the President be instructed to send a Resolution of thanks to the S. S. U. Post of the American Legion for its invitation extended to the members of the Association to attend its dance. This motion was seconded and passed unanimously.
The meeting was adjourned at 1 o'clock.
ARCHIBALD DUDGEON, Secretary.
The name of this organization shall be the American Field Service Association.
The purpose of this Association shall be in general to perpetuate the memory of the life and work of the American Field Service in the World War, to keep alive the friendships of those years, and to promote mutual understanding and fraternal feeling between France and the United States. It shall also encourage and maintain social intercourse among its members; shall publish and distribute the Field Service Bulletin; shall co-operate with the Trustees of the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities; shall provide, through a committee in France, information and assistance for members of the Association and for American Field Service Fellows when in France, and---as opportunity offers---shall arrange for addresses and the entertainment of Frenchmen visiting this country.
There shall be a central organization with officers and committees to administer the affairs of the Association as a whole. Local Branches with officers and committees to administer their respective affairs may also be established.
(a). The officers of the Association shall be a President, a Vice President, a Secretary, and a Treasurer, and the officers of each Branch shall be a Chairman, and a Branch-Treasurer, and such other Branch officers as the respective local Branches may elect.
(b). Association officers shall be elected at the annual meeting and shall serve until the next annual meeting of the Association. Branch officers shall be elected by members of their respective Branches and shall serve until the next annual meeting of the Branch. Both Association and Branch officers may be re-elected. An officer of the Central Association cannot be an officer of a Branch.
(a). There shall be a Board of Directors which shall consist of Mr. A. Piatt Andrew, Mr. Stephen Galatti, and Mr. Henry D. Sleeper (who shall be members for life), the officers of the Association (including the Chairmen of local Branches, but not the Branch-Secretaries nor other Branch Officers), and four other members who shall be elected at the annual meeting of the Association. With the exception of the permanent directors, directors shall serve until the next annual meeting and may be re-elected.
(b). The Board of Directors shall hold meetings when called together by the President or Acting President. Five members of the Board shall constitute a quorum. The Board of Directors shall draw up By-laws in amplification of the Constitution. The Association including the local Branches shall be bound to observe such By-laws passed by the Board of Directors at a meeting of the Board of Directors. The Board shall be empowered to decide all matters pertaining to the Association, in particular to decide what activities shall be in the hands of the Branches, and what activities in the hands of the central organization, and also the boundaries of Branch districts.
(a). There shall be three classes of members: Active, Associate, and Honorary.
(1). ACTIVE MEMBERS. All men who served in the American Field Service and left the Service in good standing, are eligible for Active Membership.
(2). ASSOCIATE MEMBERS. Any American who served as a volunteer with the French Army and any man who has creditably completed his course as an American Field Service Fellow, shall be eligible for Associate Membership if approved by the Board of Directors.
(3). HONORARY MEMBERS. Fathers and Mothers and Wives of members of the American Field Service, who died in active service during the War, or who died since the War, shall be Honorary Members of the American Field Service Association.
Any French officer, French soldier, or French citizen who has been affiliated with the American Field Service may be elected as an Honorary Member at the annual meeting of the Association, if approved by the Board of Directors.
American Field Service Fellows shall be Honorary Members, but only during the time they are undergoing courses of study as American Field Service Fellows.
(b), Members may belong to the local Branch in whose district they reside or have a place of business, or may belong to any other Branch, or may belong to the Central Association direct, as they may elect.
(c). Members of one local Branch shall be non-resident members of all other local Branches.
(a). Each member shall pay $3.00 to the Central Association, through the Branch in case he belongs to a Branch, or direct in case he belongs to the Central Association. The amount of the annual dues and of life membership dues of each Branch shall be determined by vote at meetings of the respective local Branches. Each Branch, however, shall pay annually to the Association Treasurer $3.00 for each member of the Branch.
(b). In case a member belongs to no Branch, he may become a life member of the Association direct upon payment of $60.00. If in this latter case he later wishes to become a life member of a local Branch, he shall pay to the local Branch in addition the difference between $60.00 and the amount of the local Branch's life membership dues. The matter shall then be adjusted between the Treasurer and the Branch-Treasurer.
(c). Honorary Members shall pay no dues.
(d). The Fiscal Year shall begin July first.
(a). There shall be an annual meeting of the Association held at a place and date determined by a vote of the Board of Directors. It shall, however, be held in the second quarter of the year.
(b). A special meeting of the Association may be called by vote of the Board of Directors.
(c). Each Branch shall hold an annual meeting of the Branch during the second quarter of the year. The place and date shall be determined by the Chairman of the Branch.
(d). A special meeting of a Branch may be called by the Chairman or Acting Chairman of the Branch.
(a). Voting power shall be given only to Active Members of the Association present and voting.
(b). A quorum for a meeting of the whole Association shall be twenty-five.
(c). A quorum for a meeting of a Branch shall be one-quarter of the total membership of the Branch, unless the membership is over one hundred, in which case twenty-five shall constitute a quorum.
The Constitution may be amended at the annual meeting of the Association by a two-thirds vote.
New Branches may be formed by written application to the Association President, said application to be signed by ten or more Association members or men eligible for membership who reside or have a place of business in the district of the proposed Branch. The President shall then appoint a committee from the signers of the application to call and conduct a meeting of the men in the new district. Branch officers shall be elected at the meeting, and upon receipt of dues of ten or more members by the Association Treasurer from the Branch Treasurer, the new Branch shall become a part of the Association.
President. The President shall preside at meetings of the Association and of the Board of Directors, and shall act as the executive of the Association. He may appoint committees for such special purposes as he may deem advisable, and shall have the power of executing, interpreting and amplifying the aims and policies of the Association as laid down by the constitution, and as directed and recommended at the Association meetings and meetings of the Board of Directors.
Vice President. The Vice President shall act as president in case of the death of the President, his resignation, during his absence from the country, or in case of his prolonged inability to act, but in the latter two cases, only for so long a time as the President is unable to act.
Secretary. The Secretary shall have charge of the records of the Association, shall receive the correspondence of the Association, shall send out all notices and correspondence, and perform the customary duties of a Secretary. He shall have the power to sign checks for the Association and to act as Treasurer during the Treasurer's absence or inability to act, or in case of the Treasurer's death, resignation, or prolonged inability to act, until a new Treasurer is elected by the Board of Directors. He shall preside at meetings in case both President and Vice President are absent.
Treasurer. The Treasurer shall have control of the funds of the Association and shall keep accurate account of all monies received and spent. He may open or close bank accounts in the name of the Association, and shall have the power to sign checks, notes, drafts, and to make endorsements for the Association, and shall supervise the expending of Association Funds, obtaining authority from the Board of Directors for any special expenditures. He shall also have, under the authority of the Board of Directors, power to invest and reinvest Association Funds. He shall preside at meetings in case President, Vice President and Secretary are all absent.
Branch Chairman. A Branch Chairman shall have the same powers with respect to his Branch as the President has with respect to the whole Association, but must act in accordance with policies laid down by the President and Board of Directors. He shall have power to sign checks for the Branch in case a Branch account is opened.
Branch Treasurer. The Branch Treasurer shall have the same powers with respect to his Branch as the Treasurer has with respect to the whole Association. He shall turn in to the Treasurer direct the Association's share of the Branch's dues. He may open an account for the Branch using the name American Field Service Association followed by the name of the Branch, e. g., American Field Service Association, New York Branch. He shall have the power to sign checks for the Branch. The Branch Treasurer shall also act as Branch Secretary with the same powers and duties with respect to the Branch as the Secretary has with respect to the Association unless the Branch elects a Branch Secretary, in which case this officer will take up these latter duties and powers.
Branch Committee. A Branch Committee consisting of the Branch Officers and such other members, if any, as the Branch may choose to elect shall administer the affairs of the Branch in a similar manner as does the Board of Directors for the whole Association.
Replacing Association Officers. In case of the death, resignation, or prolonged inability to act of both the President and Vice President, the Board of Directors may elect a President pro tem to act until the next annual meeting. Similarly in case of the death, resignation or prolonged inability to act of the Secretary or Treasurer, the Board of Directors may elect a Secretary or Treasurer pro tem to act until the next annual meeting, such pro tem officers to have the same powers and duties as though elected at the annual meeting.
Replacing Branch Officers. In case of the death, resignation or prolonged inability to act of any of the Branch Officers, the Branch Committee may elect a new Branch Officer to fill the vacancy, except in case a Vice-Chairman has been elected, a Chairman pro tem shall not be elected unless both the Chairman and Vice-Chairman are unable or unwilling to act.
Association Meetings. Notice of the Annual Meeting or of a special meeting must be mailed to all members of the Association whose address is known thirty days before the date set for the meeting.
Branch Meetings. The Branch Committee may make their own regulations with regard to Branch Meetings.
Board of Directors Meetings. Meetings of the Board of Directors may be called by the President, or Acting President, or by request of any three members of the Board of Directors sent in, in writing, to the Secretary. In this latter case the Secretary shall send out notices of the meeting to all members of the Board of Directors. Notices of a Board of Directors meeting must be sent out at least ten days, but preferably fifteen days, in advance.
Payment of Dues. A bill for dues shall be sent out by the Branch Treasurer on or about July first to each active or associate member or man eligible for active membership in a Branch's district. A similar bill shall be sent out on or about July first by the Treasurer to each active or associate member or man eligible for active membership (whose address is known) who is not included in any Branch District.
In case a member does not pay his dues within sixty days from the time the bill was sent he shall cease to be a member, unless he lives in a foreign country, in which case he shall be allowed a reasonable length of time.
The Branch Treasurer shall send to the Treasurer the Association's share of dues within thirty days from the time they are received by the Branch Treasurer.
The Board of Directors may expel any member, at a meeting of the Board of Directors by a two-thirds vote of those present, for conduct which they shall deem injurious to the Association, provided due notice, fifteen days before the meeting, shall have been sent the member, at his last recorded address. He shall have the right to present his case at such meeting,
Customary reports of President, Treasurer, and Chairman of committees, shall be presented at the Annual Meeting.
ACCORDING to our constitution "any American who served as a volunteer with the French Army and any man who has creditably completed his course as an American Field Service Fellow, shall be eligible for Associate Membership if approved by the Board of Directors." Field Service men are invited to propose for associate membership any such volunteers. Such proposals should be accompanied by a letter of recommendation and forwarded to the secretary to be passed on by the Board of Directors. It will be presumed that when such proposals are submitted the man proposed has been approached and is desirous of joining our Association. As soon as the Board of Directors passes on a proposed associate member, notice will be sent to him of his election, together with bill for dues. Americans who were in other ambulance units with the French Army, in the French Aviation Service, the Foreign Legion, or other branches of the French Army, we are very desirous to count among our members, provided of course, that they were bona fide volunteers and left in good standing the particular service they were connected with. We hope that you will take pains to approach eligible men of your acquaintance and give them the opportunity of becoming members of this Association.
It has been very apparent that the geographical distribution of the members of the A. F. S. required a change in the organization of the Association if it were really to bring something more to the men than simple membership. At the last annual meeting, provision was made for the establishment of local organizations, and it is hoped that in this way a much closer contact will be established among the members. The new scheme merely provides for the formation of local branches of the Association wherever there may be a community of twelve or fifteen men. Each local branch is to have its own officers and collect dues, forwarding to the Central Association a per capita tax.
Those who suggested this alteration felt that any real benefits which the Association may give must come from the contact and exchange of ideas of its members, and that the form of contact must needs vary in different localities. It is believed that in New York, with its large enrollment, it will be very possible to establish some sort of permanent meeting place or club, which, supported by the New York members, might become as well a center for any out of town Field Service men who might be passing through New York. In cities where there is a smaller representation, an office of one of the members might become a headquarters where any member of the Association may find information or the addresses of Field Service men in that locality.
The local organization plan also gives a free rein for dinners, lunches, or reunions, according to the desire of the localities, and this practice has already been established. A large independent reunion was held in California last winter, and very successful dinners were given in Boston and Philadelphia.
But the most important outcome of more frequent gatherings will be the opportunity for the initiation of suggestions wherein the Association may develop further its avowed purpose of bringing about "a closer understanding between the people of the United States and France."
The success of the American Field Service Fellowships has been definitely proved. But the thirty Fellowships are a mere handful, when one realizes that with these Fellowships established only two years, over three hundred applications were received this year. Surely the local organizations are in a position to find in their community friends who would be interested in raising funds for further scholarships. There are many other local interests which will suggest themselves as time goes on, such as inviting to lunches or dinners French citizens of the community or distinguished French guests, or merely renewing old friendships.
The Association has already accomplished a great deal, but its future lies in the development of the local groups, for it is in the initiative and interest of these small groups that the strength of the organization lies. Let us show in this next year a complete enrollment of thoroughly organized local branches wherever fifteen members live. This is the primary need, for once that is accomplished, reunions and suggestions for new Association activities will naturally follow.
The following is a very incomplete list, but the best that we have, of those who, attended the Reunion.
S.S.U. 1. Andrew, Bosworth, Brennan (10), J. P. Brown, Darden, Eno, Fitzgerald, Foot, Gamble, Nelson, Ryan, Sayer, Stevenson, E. D. Townsend, H. P. Townsend, Winsor, Wylie.
S.S.U. 2. Bixby, Chew, S. A. Cook, Curtin, Diemer, Etter, Hoeveler, Jacobson, MacIntyre, Nichols, E. H. Page, Powell, J. A. Reed, W. H. C. Walker, B. Wheeler (27), Whytlaw.
S.S.U. 3. L. C. Bleecker (13), Buffum (8), Galatti, Hardon, Hitt, Jackson, Lockwood, Melcher, Mellen, H. K. Moore, Munroe, Potter, Winant.
S.S.U. 4. K. Austin (8), W. D. Bigelow, D. Bolling, C. H. Brown, L. Cummings, Deeves, Fletcher (29), Jamieson, Kirkwood, A. B. Mason (8), E. Porter, E. Russell, L. Sewall, Taber, W. H. Wallace (28).
S.S.U. 8. K. Austin (4), Birckhead, Buffum (3), Burton (13), Bryan, Greenwood, (Vos. Det.), Jackson (3), Lewine, Mason (4), W. McNaughton, W. Meadowcroft, Miles, B. Read (13), H. Sayre, Shoninger, Weir, Werleman.
S.S.U. 9. Eastburn, P. Glorieux, A. Greene, Halliwell, Harrison, Hutchinson, Jepson, G. Jones, Jr., A. Lyman, J. C. B. Moore, A. Whitman.
S.S.U. 10. Brennan (1), P. Davis (14), Frantz, Gignoux (33), McClure (33-16), Randau (14), W. H. Robinson.
S.S.U. 12. Barrett, R. Bolling, Bristoll, W. Clark, Jr., Hearle, W. Johnson, Lundquist, R. Norton, Wiard.
S.S.U. 13. Battershell (31), L. Bleecker (3), B. Butler, C. A. Butler (69), E. Clark, W. Corry, A. Crosby, Develin, G. Herrick, W. Hunt. Laflamme, P. Niesley (397), B. Read (8), Rubel.
S.S.U. 14. Davis (10), Dudgeon, M. Law, S. Law, E. Lee. T. Leopold, M. McDowell, Perley, G. Phelps, Randau (10), Vance, W. Varney.
S.S.U. 15. M. Miller, Ogle, Preston, R. Richmond (30), Van Alstyne, R. Young.
S.S.U. 16. Agar, J. F. Brown, Hyde (26), J. Keyes, Knowles, Lovett. McClure (10-33), J. Platt, Jr.
S.S.U. 17. Church, Harvey, R. Johnson, Nazel, W. Richards, J. Seymour, Smythe, Toll, Walton, C. Wright.
S.S.U. 18. Blum, Boyd, R. Woolley.
S.S.U. 19. Cousins, Hoskins, Lavender, D. Nash, A. Putnam (70), P. Rie, Royce, Shaw, Vail.
S.S.U. 26. Durkin, Eckley, Hoyt, Hyde (16), Neynaber (69), Obrig, Rudkin, Verrill.
S.S.U. 27. B. Wheeler.
S.S.U. 28. Anderson, Ashton, Bowers, R. Jones, Wallace (4), N. Wells, Jr.
S.S.U. 30. C. Adams, Beebe, R. Buel. DesCognets, G. Harris. MacDougall, R. Richmond (15).
S.S.U. 31. Battershell (13), H. Hood.
S.S.U. 32. G. H. Barrett, J. Clapp (397), P. Culbertson, DeVore, T. Dolan (184), Ives, Luqueer, Mungan, Paynter, Reaser, Salter, Schloss.
S.S.U. 33. G. Bleakley (67), L. Bleecker (67), Gignoux (10), Heiden, Mack, McClure (10-16), Rieser, F. Wallace.
S.S.U. 64. J. Fravell, R. Wheeler.
S.S.U. 65. Byers, Dailey, Donovan, Gauger, LeVeille, Moon, H. Page, B. Saunders, Silver, F. Smith, W. Stevens, Tiffany.
S.S.U. 66. Bluntschli, G. Brooks, D. Garratt, B. Griffith, J. Halladay, R. Heywood, E. Howland, F. Kimber, Martin Miller, Peyton, J. Rothermel.
S.S.U. 67. G. Bleakley (33), L. L. Bleeker, Crouse, Harding, W. Hees (397), A.. Hodgman, S. Hodgman, Jr., E. Irwin, J. Tufel, A. N. Willson.
S.S.U. 68. L. Ames, D. Baldwin, Crary, H. W. Dixon, Dunnell, Durham, Ellinwood (397), E. Richards, Cedric Smith.
S.S.U. 69. R. Ball, C. A. Butler (13), A. Crawford, E. Hicks, Jr., Kneeland, Lamond, S. Lee, Manley; Neynaber (26).
S.S.U. 70. Chase, Landon, McGowan, A. J. Putnam, R. Wells.
S.S.U. 71. J. P. Battles, Chappell, W. James, J. Swasey.
S.S.U. 72. E. Emanuelson.
T.M.U. 133. Baldwin, Cerf, Jensen, Kellett, May, Moses, Nicola, Sawyer, Strong, Webb, Whittlesey.
T.M.U. 184. Bell, Chipman, Davidson, Dolan, Flickinger, R. Fowler, T. W. Paterson, D. Parr, W. G. Taylor.
T.M.U. 397. G. Bradley, J. Clapp (32), D. Durant, C. Eaton, Ellinwood (68), C. Fabens (526), G. Harrington, W. Hees, E. Ingham (526), J. Means, P. Niesley (13), Woodend.
T.M.U. 537. Hartswick, Kurth.
T.M.U. 526. Bowes, M. Cowley, J. Emery, L. Emery, C. Fabens (397), Hinrichs, Hamilton, H. Huey, Ingham (397), Kohlhepp, Lance, J. C. B. Moore (9), E. Pattison, Peffers, A. Sharp, W. F. Smith, R. Temple, Woodruff.
Hdqrs: Andrew (1), Bosworth (1), Galatti (3), P. Kent, B. Myles.
Squads. J. D. Lyman, H. J. Reilly.
ALL American citizens who served six months at the Front with the American Field Service between August 2, 1914 and the time when the American Field Service was taken over by the American Army are eligible for the French Commemorative Medal.
"Those American citizens who believe themselves entitled to this medal and its ribbon should apply to the office of the French Military Attaché, 1501 Eighteenth Street, N. W., Washington, D. C.
"In their applications, the persons concerned are requested in order to facilitate the issue of the authorization for this medal and ribbon, to include therewith original or certified copies of all documents bearing on their service. These usually are: livret militaire, extrait de Citation titre de pension, carnet de notes, certificat and ordre de service. Any additional pertinent information should be issued at the same time.
"All employees of the United States Government, including those at present in the military or naval services eligible for this medal, should state this fact in their applications to the Office of the French Military Attaché and give their exact status in the United States Government."
We should suggest your sending the certificate which came to you together with the American Field Service Medal, which you received after the War. This is the certificate from the office of the Ministère de la Guerre.
THE old mills, built in the middle of the bridge at Meaux, on the road leading from the town to the hill where the Officers' School was held, were burned flat last summer. Every Ambulance and Camion man will regret the loss of these picturesque old buildings. They will remember that the best view of them was from the Municipal Baths in the turn of the river just beyond the bridge, and will remember too that their ribbed black and white construction was almost the first sight of that barred exterior of houses which we were later to see in such profusion in Alsace. The mills were built at the end of the Sixteenth Century. They were restored in comparatively recent times, but their external appearance has been unchanged since the days when they were built. Every guide book to Meaux lists them as a "show" feature of the town. Nothing now remains of them save the stumps of the piers supporting the bridge.
A member of Section One has received another letter from M. Lajeune who owned the house across the street from the chestnut trees of Dombasle-en-Argonne. His youngest daughter, he writes, was married in Dombasle on May 24, but he does not volunteer the information as to who the groom was. The letter carried with it an invitation to the ceremony and the "repas" which followed it. M. Lajeune writes:
"Your friend will find in Dombasle a slight amelioration; some of the houses have already been rebuilt, and others are in process of reconstruction. Ours (and it shall always be ours) is already furnished with doors and windows, a floor, and some of the ceilings are already finished. As far as the roof is concerned, we have adequate protection from the rain. We are very proud of all these improvements."
A cable of felicitations was sent to the Lajeune family the day after the date of the wedding, with the hope that it would provide a little extra flair in the festivities. M. Lajeune's naive remark, à propos of the American writer, that "j'ai compris dès votre première lettre que dans votre poitrine il y avait un grand coeur," was well worth transatlantic fireworks in reply.
Visitors to Paris this summer will find an integral and familiar part of the sky-line of "perm" missing. The Ferris Wheel is being taken to pieces, the cars are being shipped whole to the devastated regions for houses for the homeless, and the whole structure of the wheel is being taken apart. The engineers found the unfastening and shipping of the cars a simple job, but the unlimbering of the top sections of the steel circle presented extraordinary difficulties. After bits of the top had been taken out, it was found that the weight of the sides would tear the remaining parts asunder and send the whole mass of iron crashing to the ground, a tangle of twisted supports. To save the structure, a horizontal cross strut was fitted above the axis, and the work of demolition continued from the top.
Who of the old Field Service, even of those who belonged to its early days in Neuilly, does not remember "Daddy" Cartier? He, like Jeanne the telephoniste of the voix d'or, and Mlle. Bétourné, and the Grimberts, was among those who presided at our birth, and who remained faithfully with us until our days .in France had ended. He used to claim that he knew every one of us by name, and whether or not this was true, at least he remembered our faces and had a welcoming smile for us when we came back to "21" on permission. Many is the letter that he forwarded to us at the front in the early days before the "Post Office" had grown into a whole department. Many is the time that we have abused him for letters that did not come. Many is the "verre" that we have sampled with him in the café at the corner of the Square de Passy. Word has just come that Daddy Cartier is no more. That is all we know, but in a future number we shall hope to publish more details about him, and news about some of the other friends of the good old days at "21."
The following excerpt from "Le Matin" of recent date may interest some of the old habitués of "21."
Mme. Frédéric Allen possède, 19, rue Raynouard, à Passy, un petit hôtel charmant. Les salons en sont décorés d'exquises uvres d'art, d'antiquités précieuses. Les caves en étaient tapissées de bouteilles vénérables.
C'était un petit musée des bons vins; le Cluny des vieux bordeaux; le Louvre des bourgognes parfumés.
Récemment rentrée de la Riviera, Mme. Allen projeta de réunir quelques parents et amis à dîner. "Âllez à la cave de bonne heure," dit-elle à sa cuisinière, "et chambrez-moi quelques flacons. Qu'ils aient la tiédeur de ce beau jour de Pâques."
La cuisinière remonta tout effarée.
Sa maîtresse crut qu'elle avait découvert un squelette entre les casiers, ou tout un matérial de faux-monnayeur dissimulé parmi les barriques.
La vérité apparut plus tragique. La cave était vide. Un trou avait été percé dans la muraille qui la sépare des caves de l'école Duvignau de Lanneau, au numéro, 21. Etait-ce donc les élèves de cette respectable institution qui. . .? Non certes!
A new Franco-American club has been formed in Paris. Elsie Janis has given her support to the plan of instituting such a club. Mrs. V. J. Vashon, of 1, rue Letort is said to be receiving applications for membership.
Elsie Janis is now playing in a Revue at the Apollo Theatre in Paris, entirely in French. With her are two members of her "Gang" which played in America two winters ago, Julian Thayer, and William Reardon. The latter was Sergeant Reardon of Headquarters of the U.S.A.A.S. in Paris.
The following article was contributed by our Ex-President, J. R. Greenwood, who had the good fortune to make a trip to France this year. It is well worth reading as it gives a very vivid account of what is going on in our old haunts along the battle fronts.
AN automobile trip in March of this year has given opportunity to once again see the old line of battle in Belgium and France and to learn at first hand what strides these countries have made in bringing their devastated regions back to normal conditions. The trip started at Antwerp and included Malines, Louvain, Brussels, Ghent, Ypres, the northern French front from Lille to Soissons, the Chemin des Dames, the Champagne, the Argonne, Verdun and its environs, and the St. Mihiel salient, so that a fairly comprehensive idea of conditions was obtained, and the comparison between these present conditions and those that obtained after the signing of the armistice was extremely interesting.
Two main, striking facts stand out---on the one hand, Belgium is busy as can be in rebuilding her cities and towns, while on the other, France centers all her attention on cleaning up and recultivating her fields. In Belgium, in Malines, Louvain, Ghent, Menin, Ypres, Poperinghe, every town that was visited, every body was out getting their homes back in habitable condition; while in France, all the way from Lille south to Soissons, the people were living any way they could---in barracks, tents, under corrugated iron shelters, in one patched up room of their destroyed home---and were devoting all their time and energy to clearing the fields of debris, filling in the trenches and shell holes, and getting the crops started. The roads are bordered with long bundles of barbed wire, piled ten and fifteen feet high, with rows of shells and casings half a mile long, and with 'big heaps of miscellaneous litter from the battlefields. The courage which the people are showing in coming back to such a task under such conditions is really remarkable.
At Lens, a city of 10,000 houses which the Germans deliberately razed, practically all the population is back, carrying on their everyday life in the open. The main street has not a house standing along it, but attractive displays of groceries, clothing, shoes, jewelry, postcards, etc., are spread out on tables and on blankets ,on the ground back of the sidewalks. Everybody is busy about their everyday tasks, and no attention is paid to passing tourists. The same at Bapaume, Péronne, St. Quentin, Soissons, Montdidier, all are teeming with bustle and life---all little if any rebuilt, but entirely intent on supplying the needs of the farmers for their work in the fields.
Any men who worked along this northern front would find very few familiar landmarks now. Conditions, outside of the destroyed towns and flooded mines, are rapidly coming back to normal, and a great many Americans who are going abroad this summer to see the battlefields, with especial interest in the northern front, are going to be disappointed. From Soissons east to Verdun, however, there is a very different story to tell. Along the Chemin des Dames, around Rheims, across the Champagne front, through the Argonne and around Verdun, practically nothing has been touched. All the debris of the battle, including duds, hand grenades, rifles, bayonets, equipment of all sorts, and even some mouldy heaps of clothing and piles of bones, still lie as they did when the fighting stopped.
After leaving Soissons, the main road across the Chemin des Dames is still marked, "Dangereux, défense de traverser." Shell holes, trenches and barbed wire are all over, slightly covered with a short stubble of brown grass, but with not a house, or a tree, or a living figure as far as the eye can reach. It is really a tremendous relief to turn a little south towards the Aisne and see the Italian cemetery where some of the men from one of the Garibaldi divisions are buried. In Craonne, a single man, who had reached there in his Ford, was trying vainly to identify the location of his former home.
Rheims is quite presentable. Nothing has been done to the cathedral as yet, and one is only permitted to look inside the doors; as parts of the roof are still falling, but the rest of the city has been thoroughly cleaned up and looks quite prosperous. Several hotels are open, some of the stores have been sufficiently repaired to look quite attractive, and all the pavements and sewers have been put in thorough order. The champagne business, however, is in a critical condition, with neither Germany, Russia nor the United States purchasing any. One large house in Epernay that turned out 20,000 bottles per day before the war, is now only turning out two hundred per day.
The Champagne front looks just the way it did in November 1918. The "postes" at Petit Haic and Constancelager, back of Mont Cornillet, are gone, but the "triage" at Prosnes is still there and is now being used by a farmer as his home. The little wooden huts at La Plaine are much dilapidated, but still in existence, but the hospital at Billy-le-Grand and the barracks at Ferme de Piemont have entirely disappeared. The "abri" under the road at Bois Carré and the one at Pont Suippes in front of St. Hilaire-le-Grand are still there in a tumble-down condition. Near Tahure, there is a German concrete dugout, marked as a regimental post of command, that goes down sixty steps underground. It has rooms on two levels and is fitted up with electric light and telephone wires, tables, chairs, bunks, a good artificial ventilating system and all the home comforts. On the walls of the lower level is written "Lizzie Burns, Austin, Texas," showing that other Americans had been there before. A regiment of French engineers is busy along this front, gathering up and exploding duds, so that sometimes it sounds quite like old times. An enterprising Frenchman has started a restaurant in the old chateau at Vienne-le-Château, and he will probably reap a fortune from tourists this summer as it is the only place one can find food between Rheims and Verdun.
In the Argonne, about five miles north of Four de Paris, are the old headquarters of Ruprecht of Bavaria. On the rearward side of a steep hill, so that the incoming shells could not fall on it, with a thick screen of foliage overhead, so that enemy airmen could not see it, is a whole colony of concrete houses, including a mess-hall, lounging room and theatre. Ruprecht's own house has a sitting room, bedroom and bathroom, with electric light, hot and cold running water and steam heat. Each room has its individual dugout running back into the hillside.
The American cemetery at Romagne is by far the most impressive, inspiring and beautiful sight that it is possible to imagine. A large honor star of beautiful golden flowers at the foot of the gentle slope, guarded on either side by several large guns, marks the entrance to the cemetery. From that point well-kept gravel paths lead up the hill, through the orderly rows of graves, to the flagpole, with Old Glory flying, at the top. Words are inadequate to describe the mingled emotions of sorrow and pride and high resolve that sweep over any American who sees those graves---21,600 of them, each with its simple little wooden cross, beautifully clean and white, with only the plain black lettering to give the man's name, rank and unit; each with its simple covering of fresh, green, well-kept grass---officers and enlisted men, all together; 21,600 Americans who gave up their lives in France and who are being taken care of by the Government in the most reverent and wonderful manner.
The cemetery at Belleau Wood is the same in every way, and inspires the same feelings as does Romagne, and the other two permanent cemeteries are equally well-kept and impressive. They are enduring and beautiful memorials to the heroism and nobility of our men who died in the war. Is it not a pity to diminish their grandeur and glory by moving any of the men?
When they are brought back, they will be honored by a military funeral and laid away in the family cemetery. Their graves will be tenderly cared for by their families during this generation. But who will tend those graves, and who will cherish their memories, and who will be inspired by the thought of their supreme sacrifice in the years to come? Think it over, you mothers and fathers, and sisters and brothers, and wives and children, whose loved ones are now resting "over there," and decide if it would not be better to have their last resting place faithfully tended and honored by our Government as long as this land shall endure, rather than to bring them back to lie where they may be lonely and forgotten when you yourselves pass on.
Very few people are back in Montfaucon. About the only family there is that of the man inside whose house was built the Crown Prince's observatory, and these people are making a living by showing their house and selling picture postcards of it, to visitors. The observatory consists of a solid concrete tower, about twenty feet in diameter, with a single chamber having a small entrance and two observation slits at the top, all completely camouflaged inside an ordinary frame dwelling house. The Germans relied for protection on the fact that the French would not wantonly destroy a house that had no military value.
Verdun itself has not been rebuilt at all, but on the other hand, the rearward side of the city never was very badly destroyed, and many people have returned to it and are living there. Raymond and Whitcomb have opened a hotel there, where one can find good food and all modern conveniences---and incidentally pay more than one does at the Ritz in Paris. The district around Verdun is just as it was in 1918, the only change being that a short growth of brown grass hides some of the smaller shell holes.
Fort Vaux is open to the public and a French non-com is there as a guide and ready to describe all phases of the four-day hand-to-hand struggle that took place inside the fort before it fell. Fort Douaumont is also open to the public, and nearby is a little, wooden, mortuary chapel, with a priest in charge, where the bodies are still being brought in as they are found, at the rate of six or eight a day, and from which they are buried. Almost all the coffins in this chapel are marked "inconnu." Below Douaumont lies the concrete monument which the American, Rand, had erected over the "Tranchée des Baionnettes." It looks a little out of place amid the utter devastation and desolation that surrounds it. Some half dozen bodies, still unburied, lie within a radius of a hundred yards of the monument and it would look better if these poor men could have been attended to before so much money was spent on a monument.
The "poste" at Carrière d'Haudremont looks just as it did during the war, but Bras has been cleaned up and the stones from the destroyed houses all arranged in orderly piles, and the "poste" in one of the cellars has been filled in and cannot be found. Mort Homme and Hill 304 look just as terrible and horrible as they did two years and a half ago, and Esnes, "Hogan's Alley," and "Hell's Corner" still have the power to awaken very lively memories, though the camouflage has been taken down and the shell holes in the road all filled in. For anyone who was not "over there" during the war and who wants an idea of what a battlefield looks like, a half-day's trip around Verdun today will leave nothing to the imagination.
The St. Mihiel salient is almost entirely rehabilitated. St. Mihiel itself, Apremont, Vigneulles, Hattonchattel, Deuxnouds-aux-Bois, together with the surrounding fields, all look peaceful and prosperous. In the base towns, like Bar-le Duc, Chalons and Epernay, all the rustling, bustling, hurly-burly that one was accustomed to, has departed and the towns have dropped back into their prewar unimportance. Château-Thierry has been largely restored and the fields around it completely cleaned up and put under cultivation. No one would ever imagine that fierce fighting took place around Belleau Wood. All along the old front, the aviation hangars and military encampments have disappeared, the sheds and barracks having been given to the civilians in the devastated regions for barns and homes; at Vadelaincourt, Piemont, La Veuve, one looks in vain for any of the old landmarks and signs of life.
Altogether the country is rapidly coming back to normal, and it is really only the narrow strip between Soissons and Verdun, which the French call the "Région Rouge," that still shows the scars of the war in all their severity. The old friends that one made during the war are all busy doing their part in the reconstruction, and are most cordial and hospitable in welcoming any member of the American Field Service, doing all in their power to make the reunion a pleasant and happy one. Anyone who can possibly do so will find it most interesting and pleasant to visit the old scenes of their service once again, before too many years have passed by.
J. R. G.
Ames, Charles Burton, S. S. U. 8, of West Newton, Mass., and Miss Phyllis Powers Bleeker of Los Angeles, California.
Demorest, Gilbert Curtis, S. S. U. 66, of New York City, and Miss Stella Todd, of Bangor, Maine.
D'Este, John Newport, Cdt. Adj., S. S. U. 8, 3, of Boston, Mass., and Miss Florence G. Collins, of Dayton, Ohio.
Frantz, Samuel Gibson, S. S. U. 18, of Princeton, N. J., and Miss Sarah W. Morton of Philadelphia, Pa.
Harris, George deLancey, S. S. U. 30, of New York City, and Miss Susie Lovejoy, New York City.
Lane, Lauriat, S. S. U. 9, of Cambridge, Mass., and Miss Marguerite Pierce of Cambridge, Mass.
Noyes Edwin Miles, Sous-Chef S. S. U. 28, of Duxbury, Mass., and Miss Anne R. Gustin of Newton, Mass.
Orcutt, Orville Hussey, R. M., of Houlton, Maine, and Miss Marie Edmunds of Philadelphia, Pa.
Preston, Jerome, S. S. U. 15, of Lexington, Mass., and Miss Iva Stone of St. George, Staten Island, N. Y.
Swan, William Donnison, Jr., S. S. U. 10, of Cambridge, Mass., and Miss Ellamae McKee, West Somerville, Mass.
Spaulding, Way, S. S. U. 71, of Haverhill, Mass., and Miss Dorothy Louise Leavitt of Grove Hall, Mass., and Parsonsfield, Me.
Wainwright, Neal, S. S. U. 9, of Philadelphia, and Miss Mona Crozer of New York and Philadelphia.
Walsh, Lloyd Edward, S. S. U. 68, of Amherst, Mass., and Miss Elizabeth Eva Risdon.
Whitman, Roger Warren, S. S. U. 9, of New York City, and Miss Jean Ripley Moffat of Short Hills, N. J.
Breed, Amos Francis, S. S. U. 8, of Brookline, Mass., and Miss Helen Wallace Collins of Dayton, Ohio, in Christ Episcopal Church at Dayton, Ohio, January 12, 1921.
Codman, Charles Russell, 2d, S. S. U. 3 of Boston, Mass., and Miss Theodora Larocque of New York City, in the Church of the Epiphany, New York City, March 23, 1921,
Colford, Sidney Jones, Jr., Sous-Chef, S. S. U. 13, of New York City, and Mrs. Cathleen Neilson Vanderbilt of New York City, in New York, January 27, 1921.
Davis, Harold Homer, S. S. U. 30, of Boston, Mass., and Miss Alice Troy of Boston at Providence, R. I., March 17, 1921.
Eisenhart, John Richard, T. M. U. 397, of Horseheads, N. Y., and Miss Florence O. Weed, at Watkins, N. Y., June 25, 1921.
Frenning, John Jacob, S. S. U. 30, of Belmont, Mass., and Miss Mary Chilton Esty of Brookline, Mass., February 22, 1921.
Hinrichs, Dunbar Maury, T. M. U. 526, of Glen Ridge, N. J., and Miss Edith Archer Dorland of Glen Ridge, January 19, 1921.
Hurlburt, John Rogers, Cdt. Adj., T. M. U. 526, of Boston, Mass., and Miss Marjorie Seelye of Lexington, Mass.
Knowles, Robert Treat, S. S. U. 13, of Brookline Mass., and Miss Jane Whitney Gray of Louisville, Ky., June, 1921.
La Motte Louis Howell, Jr., S. S. U. 30, of New York City, and Miss Ethel Lois Gubelman of New York.
Lewis, James Henry, S. S. U. 16, of Boston, Mass., and Miss Alice G. Bailey of Haverhill, Mass., June 11, 1921.
McCarthy, William Wood, S. S. U. 17, of Evanston, Illinois, and Miss Margaret Graham Fitch, April 2, 1921.
Orr, William Laird, S. S. U. 28, of St. John's, N. F., and Miss Constance Ames of Boston, Mass., in Emmanuel Church, Boston, April 20, 1921.
Potter, Russell Hayward, Jr., S. S. U. 28, of Boston, Mass., formerly of Buffalo, N. Y., and Miss Tekla Towle, February 24, 1921.
Souther, Joseph William, S. S. U. 13, of Albany, N. Y., and Miss Georgette Cohan.
Sponagle, James Milton, Cdt. Adjt., S. S. U. 1, 65, of Gloucester, Mass., and Miss Alma Cottrell of Gloucester, Mass., in New York City, August 11, 1920.
Stires, Ernest van Rensselaer, S. S. U. 65, of New York City, and Miss Louise Homer of New York, in St. Thomas' Church, New York, April 12, 1921.
Urban, Raymond George, T. M. U. 184, of Buffalo, N. Y., and Miss Marian White, at Trinity Church, Buffalo, N. Y., June 8, 1921.
A son, William J., Jr., to Mr. and Mrs. William J. Bingham, (Sous-Chef, S. S. U. 30), April 16, 1921.
A daughter, Lillian Willis, to Mr. and Mrs. John E. Boit, (Sous-Chef, S. S. U. 2).
A daughter, Marion Louise, to Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. Boyd, (S. S. U. 18), June 1, 1921.
A daughter, Patricia Williston, to Mr. and Mrs. Donald L. Campbell, (S. S. U. 69), April 21, 1921.
A son, Mayo A., Jr., to Mr. and Mrs. Mayo A. Darling, (T. M. U. 526), April 22, 1921.
A son, to Mr. and Mrs. R. Howard Gamble (S. S. U. 1).
A daughter, Mary Louise, to Mr. and Mrs. George Leslie Herrick, (S. S. U. 13), May 28, 1921.
A son, J. Dana, Jr., to Mr. and Mrs. J. Dana Hutchinson, (S. S. U. 30), March 19, 1921.
Iselin, Henry George, Cdt. Adjt., S. S. U. 2, 12, 4, drowned in Bay of St. Michel, May 5, 1921.
Russell, William Patton, S. S. U. 4, died in New York City, March 29, 1921.
Tracy, B. Hammond, Jr., S. S. U. 8, 3, an American Field Service Fellow, drowned in Bay of St. Michel, May 5, 1921.
Varnum, Richard Blynn, S. S. U. 3, an American Field Service Fellow, died of tuberculosis in Paris, March 6, 1921.
ONLY a limited number of sets of the Field Service History still remain in the publisher's hands, and when these are gone, no more will be printed. We call this again to your attention because no member of the Field Service should lose the opportunity to possess at least one set.
The History has everywhere been described as the finest published record that has been made of any American formation engaged in the war. It has been reviewed at length and enthusiastically in "L'Illustration", "Le Figaro", "Les Débats", and many other French publications, as well as in most of the leading American journals. With its numerous pictures reproduced in color as well as in black and white, its many photographs, poems, sketches, articles, records and documents, it is without equal among War publications having to do with particular American formations in France. In after times these three handsome volumes will be treasured in your family, and distant descendants will be proud to say, "My ancestor was one of those whose record as a volunteer in the World War is told in that monumental work."
If you do not own a set or if any of your relatives or friends want one, or if you find there is no copy in your local library, write while there is still time to the Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, enclosing $12.50. if you put this off much longer, you will not be able to secure this splendid record of your life and work as a volunteer in France.
To commemorate its one hundred and twenty-seven members who died in the War, the Field Service is about to publish a memorial volume of about four hundred pages of story and photographs. Publication is promised for next month and all deliveries will be made postage prepaid direct from the Association's Boston office. Although this volume is to be printed at the McGrath-Sherrill Press, which gets out many books for the Atlantic Monthly Company, in size, binding, and general style it will be a companion volume to those of the History of the Field Service, published last autumn by Houghton Mifflin. It will serve admirably, therefore, as a fourth volume to the set, which now gives as complete a record as could be gathered of the Service and its work in France. Equally the book should prove of interest as a single volume, with its tales of adventuring, of endeavor, and of sacrifice, keeping alive as it will the example and memory of these comrades who have left us their precepts for fulfilment.
A summary of his career precedes the biographical appreciation of each man. The stories were written and arranged from original documents and letters, with the unselfish assistance and invaluable co-operation of the men's families, by a staff of editors composed of Preston Lockwood, S.S.U.3, Jerome Preston, S.S.U.15, Arthur J. Putnam, S.S.U.19,70, Frank J. Taylor, S.S.U.10, and J. W. D. Seymour, S.S.U.17, (who has had general editorial charge). All available sources of information have been investigated and in every case an effort made to escape any suggestion of stereotyped statistical form. The attempt has been to picture the individual personalities as their companions knew and cared for them. Other members of the Service have lent their aid, notably such men as Henry Sydnor Harrison, S.S.U.1, Harold Willis, S.S.U.2, Walter Lovell, S.S.U.2, J. Paulding Brown, S.S.U.1, Austin B. Mason, S.S.U.8, and Stephen Galatti, S.S.U.3. A. Piatt Andrew has written an introduction to the book and has supervised in person the making of the book as a whole. There is included a list as definitive as could be compiled, of the permanent burial places of the men, as well as the dates and manner of their deaths.
Waldo Peirce, S.S.U.3, has contributed a painting, "Aux Morts", to be reproduced in color as the frontispiece, and there will be a photograph of each man.
The price of the book is placed below the cost of publication because, although only a very small first edition will be issued, it has been felt that the volume should be within the reach of every Field Service man who wishes to know better and remember truly his former comrades. With buckram covers, boxed, and postage prepaid the book will sell at $3.00. Orders will be filled in the order of their receipt until the original thousand copies are exhausted. It is suggested that you fill out the appended blank and send it with check or money order at once and thus reserve as many copies as you may desire.
It was those American soldiers who were longest overseas who came back fondest of France. It was not merely nor chiefly that they had had more time in which to form the ties which have made so many world citizens into citizens emeriti of France. It was rather that to them had been given the opportunities to stray among the French and play truant into lanes and villages unscorched by the war.
I know scandalously little of the French universities, but I could ask no more enriching experience for any boy of mine than that he should count French men and women among his friends. I do not know what he might find in the lecture halls of the Sorbonne but I know what he would find between lectures. I would have him make friends among the Alpine hunters in their eyries above Grenoble I would have him stand wonder-struck before the most beautiful of all the mutilés---Rheims Cathedral. He should make his own pilgrimage to the graves that lie by Belleau Wood and he might do far worse than study philosophy from the wise old peasants and little tradesmen of Brittany. It will be worth his journey to stand on the Pont Neuf at night when the Seine is a necklace of winking river lights and if he sits attentive at some boulevard café and watches French life as it streams by he may learn what life can be when it is thrifty and reasonable and simple and good.
It is difficult to think of a memorial to the American Field Service more fitting than this way of giving France to the youth of America.
One purpose which was fundamental with the old Field Service, and which every one of its members would hope to see continued, is the furthering of friendship and understanding with the people of France. The men whose names are listed below went as volunteers to France, most of them many months before our government had ceased to be neutral, all of them before an American Army had been sent there. They went to serve with the Armies of France. The lives of some of them had already terminated in active service with those armies a year or more before our government had decided to join hands with France. Not one of these men but had formed warm comradeship with the French soldiers whose hardships and gaieties they shared, whether plodding through the wintry mud of bleak, war-ridden villages, resting by dusty roadsides under the summer sun, or waiting by night in the fetid squalor of black dugouts. Not one who had not grown to regard these soldiers,---their blue-coated comrades,---with affection and more,---with something akin to reverence. Not one who did not become attached to France as to no other country save his own. Of this their letters and their diaries give abundantly the proof. How then could we better commemorate these men than by encouraging throughout future generations that friendship and understanding between the youth of the two countries which so marked their relations in old Field Service days, and which so imbued their lives and fateful destinies? What could be more fitting than that through all the years to come future generations of young Americans should be stimulated to go to France, to explore the fountains of her learning and to bring back sympathetic comprehension of her traditions and her traits, and that young men of France should reciprocally be enabled to study here our ways of thinking?
With this idea in mind, a plan has been undertaken which, when it succeeds, will provide in perpetuity an annual fellowship in memory of each and every one of these men, either to send an American student to France, or to bring a French student here. Thus will the fraternity of war days be cherished and kept alive for posterity. Successive generations of French and American youth will forever go back and forth between the two countries, fostering mutual comprehension and mutual sympathy, just as these men were glad to do. If endowments for these fellowships can be found, they will build a noble and enduring monument to the hundred and twenty-seven comrades who gave all that they were and all that they might ever have hoped to be to the common cause of America and France. They will help to make perpetual the spirit in which these men gave their lives.
A. PIATT ANDREW.
Comprising the names of former members who died either while in the Field Service, or while serving the Allied cause during the World War. It is in memory of these men that Endowments for Fellowships are sought.
ANDERSON, CHARLES PATRICK, T. M. U. 133 and 526; Chicago, Ill., Oxford School, Chicago, Howe School, Howe, Indiana, University of Illinois, 2 years, Dartmouth College, Class of 1918; Episcopal; killed September 16, 1918, within German lines, near Conflans; First Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation, 96th Pursuit Squadron; Father and Mother, Bishop and Mrs. C. P. Anderson, 1612 Prairie Ave., Chicago, Ill.
AUPPERLE, HAROLD VINCENT, S. S. U. 10; Grand Junction, Colo.; Grand Junction High School, Leland Stanford University, Class of 1917; Phi Gamma Delta; Mason; Methodist Episcopal; City Editor for Colorado Paper, Traveling Secretary for Dr. Jordan; died June 14, 1919 of typhus at Nova Varosh, Serbia; American Red Cross; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. D. W. Aupperle, Grand Junction, Colorado.
AVARD, PERCY LEO, S. S. U. 1; New York City; New York public and high schools; Catholic; New York Central Railroad, Credit Department, Grolier Society, N. Y., Mining with Chile Exploration Company, Chuquicamata Mine; died of pneumonia, March 26, 1918, Naval Hospital, Charleston, S. C.; Mother, Mrs. Alfred J. Avard, 80 West 90th St., N. Y.
BACON, CHARLES, T. M. U. 184; Waltham. Mass.; Waltham High School, Dartmouth College, Class of 1919; Phi Sigma Kappa; Unitarian; killed in action between Haumont and Samogneux, October 24, 1918; U. S. Field Artillery, 103d Regiment, 26th Division; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence E. Bacon, 53 Howard St., Waltham, Mass.; Mr. Bacon's business address, Harrington & Goodman (Tailors), 120 Tremont St., Boston, Mass.
BAER, CARLOS WILLARD, T. M. U. 184; Oxford, Ohio; Oxford, Ohio Schools, Miami University, Class of 1917; Red Owl, Delta Kappa Epsilon; Presbyterian; died of pneumonia, following operation for appendicitis, April 6, 1918, at Columbus Barracks; U. S. Engineers; Father and Mother, Rev. and Mrs. Michael R. Baer, 131 East Spring St., Oxford, Ohio.
BAILEY, KENNETH ARMOUR, S. S. U. 70; Glen Ridge, N. J.; Peddie Institute, N. J., Stevens Institute of Technology; killed in action October 9, 1918, near Chateau Thierry; Second Lieutenant, 102d Field Artillery; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. C. Weston Bailey, 93 Ridgewood Ave., Glen Ridge, N. J.; Mr. Bailey's business address, President of American Insurance Company, Newark, N. J.
BALBIANI, ROGER MARIE LOUIS, S. S. U. 1; Paris, France; Catholic; killed at Tours, May 21, 1918; French Aviation, attached Escadrille Gaumont; Mother, La Comtesse Balbiani, 22 Av. Friedland, Paris, France.
BANKS, RICHARD VARIAN, T. M. U. 526; Ossining, N. Y.; Ossining Schools, Holbrook School, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 1 year; D. K. E.; Presbyterian; killed in automobile accident, October 30, 1918, near Nancy; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Air Service; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Varian Banks, 3 Maurice Ave., Ossining, N. Y.; Mr. Banks' business address, Assistant Treasurer, Board of Home Missions, Presbyterian Church in the U. S. of America, 156 Fifth Ave., N. Y.
BARCLAY, LEIF NORMAN, S. S. U. 2; New York City; Yale; killed in aerial combat at Chaux, near Belfort, France, June 1, 1917; Father, Dr. H. V. Barclay, 644 Madison Ave., N. Y.
BARKER, ROBERT HARRIS, T. M. U. 184; West Bridgewater, Mass.; Rhode Island State College; Lambda Chi Alpha; Congregational; died August 10, 1918, in American Hospital near Paris, of wounds received in action July 18, 1918, near Soissons; U. S. Infantry; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Albert F. Barker, West Bridgewater, Mass.
BAYLIES, FRANK LEAMAN, S. S. U. 1 and 3; New Bedford, Mass.; New Bedford Schools, Moses Brown School, Providence, R. I.; Congregational; killed in action over German lines, June 17, 1918, near Rollot, Oise; Sergeant Stork Escadrille, Spad 3; commemorated by name of Baylies Square, New Bedford, Mass.; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Charles S. Baylies, 2095 Acushnet Ave., New Bedford, Mass.
BEANE, JAMES DUDLEY, S. S. U. 9; Concord, Mass.; Concord High School, 1914; Episcopal; employed State Dept. of Education, Mass.; killed in combat north of Grand Pré, October 30, 1918; First Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation, 22d Aero Squadron; sister, Miss Beatrice K. Beane, 126 Cornell St., Newton Lower Falls, Mass.
BENNEY, PHILIP PHILLIPS, S. S. U. 12; Pittsburgh, Pa.; Shady Side Academy, Pittsburgh; Pittsburgh Golf Club; Episcopal; died at hospital of Glorieux, January 26, 1918 of wounds received in combat over Montfaucon the previous day. French Aviation, Caporal Pilote, Spad Escadrille 67; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. George A. Benney, P. 0. Box 955, Pittsburgh, Pa., business, President Benolite
BENSON, MERRILL MANNING, T. M. U. 526; Sterling, Ill.; Sterling High School, University of Illinois, University of Wisconsin, Class of 1919; Chi Phi (Wisc.) ;1 died at sea of pneumonia, October 16, 1918; U. S. M. T. C.; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Benson, 901 Locust St., Sterling, Ill., Mr. Benson, President, National Manufacturing Co., Sterling, Ill.
BENTLEY, PAUL CODY, S. S. U. 65; Chicago, Illinois; Chicago schools, University of Chicago, Harvard University, Class of 1917; Kenwood Evangelical Church; died of wounds received near Fismes, September 16, 1917; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. F. W. Bentley, 4750 Kenwood Ave., Chicago. Ill.; business. Attorney, 106 North La Salle St., Chicago, Ill.
BIGELOW, DONALD ASA, S. S. U. 17; Colchester, Conn.; Colchester public schools, Miller Commercial School, N. Y., Morse Business College, Hartford, Conn.; Baptist; commemorated by name of Legion Post in Colchester, Conn.; killed in aeroplane accident near Paris, June 3, 1918; First Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation; Father, Mr. Guy M. Bigelow, Colchester, Conn.
BLISS, ADDISON LEECH, Boston, Mass.; Springfield Schools, Fay and St. Mark's schools. Southboro, Mass., Harvard University, Class of 1914; Sphinx and Polo; died of pneumonia, Paris, February 22, 1917; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Chester W. Bliss, 490 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, Mass.
BLODGETT, RICHARD ASHLEY, T. M. U. 526; West Newton, Mass.; Runkle, Volkmarms, and Newton High Schools, Lawrenceville School, N. J., Williams College, Class of 1919; Sigma Phi; Catholic; killed in action near Toul, May 17, 1918; U. S. Aviation, 95th Aero Squadron; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Edward E. Blodgett, West Newton, Mass.; Mr. Blodgett, lawyer, 60 Federal St., Boston, Mass.
BLUETHENTHAL, ARTHUR, S. S. U. 3; Wilmington, N. C.; Phillips Academy, Exeter, Princeton University, Class of 1913; Elm, Princeton Club of N. Y.; Jewish; employed by Tobacco Products Corporation, N. Y.; killed in combat June 5, 1918; region of Amiens; Sergeant French Aviation, attached observation groupe, Escadrille Brequet 227; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. L. Bluethenthal, Wilmington, N. C.; Mr. Bluethenthal, President of Bluethenthal Dry Goods Company, Wilmington, N. C.
BOYER, WILBUR LEROY, S. S. U. 4; Washington, D. C.; Orchard Lake Military Academy, Cornell, Leland Stanford University (1 yr. each) ; Congregational; died at home in Washington, D. C., on leave, October 19, 1918, of influenza; First Lieutenant in charge, Machine Gun School, Camp Colt, Gettysburg, Pa.; Mother, Mrs. F. N. Briggs, 3429 34th Place, Cleveland Park, Washington, D. C.
BRICKLEY, ARTHUR JOSEPH, S. S. U. 71; Charlestown, Mass.; Boston Latin School, Harvard University, Class of 1916, 2 years, and College de Rennes, France; St. Paul's Catholic Club, Harvard, St. Frances de Sales, Holy Name Society; Catholic; died of pneumonia, December 9, 1918, in field hospital at Appilly, Oise, southwest of Chauny; U. S. A. A. S.; Aunts, the Misses Coughlin (Miss E. M. Coughlin) 10 Mystic St., Charlestown, Mass.
BROWN, JAMES SNODGRASS, S. S. U. 71 and 29; New York City; Mount Vernon High School, N. Y.; Staunton Military Academy, Va.; New Rochelle Rowing Club, N. Y. Athletic Club; Catholic; died April 26, 1919, in Embarkation Hospital No. 1, Hoboken, N. J., of diabetes and gas-poisoning; U. S. A. A. S.; brother, W. P. Brown, 106 Paulison Ave,, Passaic, N. J.
BROWN, STAFFORD LEIGHTON, S. S. U. 17 and 19; Newton, Mass.; Newton High School, Dartmouth College, Class of 1919; killed in accident at Hargeville, September 28, 1918; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Air Service, attached Acceptance Park, Orly; Mother, Mrs. George W. Brown, 1080 Beacon St., Brookline, Mass.
BRUCE, ALEXANDER BERN, T. M. U. 526; Lawrence, Mass.; Phillips Andover Academy, Harvard, Class of 1915; teaching staff, Andover; killed in combat August 17, 1918, over Cruax; First Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation, attached 94th Pursuit Squadron; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. David Bruce, 1018 Essex St., Lawrence, Mass.
BUCKLER, LEON HAMLINK, S. S. U. 4; Rochester, N. Y.; West High School, Rochester, and 2 years Rochester University, Class of 1917; Episcopal; publishing business, Buffalo, and 2 years Curtis Aeroplane Company; died September 19, 1918 of pneumonia, Urbes, Alsace; Sergeant, U. S. A. A. S.; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. John A. Buckler, 180 Driving Park Ave., Rochester, N. Y.
BURR, CARLETON, S. S. U. 2 and 9; Boston, Mass.; Noble and Greenough School, Boston, Milton Academy, Harvard University, Class of 1913; Harvard Clubs of Boston and New York, Tennis and Racquet Club, Boston; Episcopal; connected with Kidder, Peabody Company and Paul Revere Trust Company of Boston; killed in action near Vierzy, July 19, 1918; Battalion Intelligence Officer, attached 6th Regiment Marines; Father, Mr. I. Tucker Burr, home address, 90 Marlborough St., Boston, Mass.; business address, Parkinson and Burr, 53 State St., Boston, Mass.
BURTON, BENJAMIN HOWELL, JR., T. M. U. 133; Colusa, California; Belmont, California, Military School, University of California, Class of 1918; Psi Epsilon; died September 18, 1918, under ether, of laryngeal dema, during operation at Base Hospital, Toul; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Artillery; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin H. Burton, Colusa, California,
CARKENER, STUART, 2d, T. M. U. 133; Kansas City, Mo.; Country Day School, Kansas City, Princeton University, Class of 1919; Quadrangle Club; Christian Scientist; killed by shell July 30, 1918, near Ronchères, N. E. Chateau Thierry; Corporal, U. S. Field Artillery, 76th Regiment; Father, Mr. G. S. Carkener, home address, 3677 Belleview Ave., Kansas City, Mo., business address, Goffe & Carkener, Grain Commission Merchants, 101-2 Board of Trade, Kansas City, Mo.
CLARK, COLEMAN TILESTON, S. S. U. 3; Westfield, N. J.; Westfield schools, Petit Lycée Condorcet, Paris, Kingsley School, N. J., Yale University, Class of 1918; Zeta Psi at Yale; Congregational; mortally wounded in action, May 28, 1918, died May 29, 1918, field hospital Fontenoy; 28th Regiment French Artillery; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Salter Storrs Clark, 336 Mountain Ave., Westfield, N. J.
CLOVER, GREAYER, T. M. U. 133; Richmond, Va., and Los Angeles, Calif.; Los Angeles and Pasadena Schools, 1 year, Leland Stanford University, Yale University, Class of 1919; D. K. E.; Presbyterian; killed in aeroplane accident, August 30, 1918, training at Issoudun; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel T. Clover, Richmond, Va.; Mr. Clover's business address, President and Editor, Evening Journal, Richmond, Va.
CONOVER, RICHARD STEVENS, 2d, T. M. U. 526; Newport, R. I.; St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H.; Episcopal; killed in action May 27, 1918 near Cantigny; U. S. Infantry, attached Machine Gun Co., 18th Regiment Gondrecourt; Father and Mother, Rev. James P. and Mrs. Conover, R. F. D. No. 1, Newport, R. I.
CRAIG, HARMON BUSHNELL, S. S. U. 2; Boston; Brookline High School, Harvard University, Class of 1919; died July 16, 1917 at Ville-sur-Cousances of wounds received at Dombasle, Meuse, July 15, 1917; Father and Mother, Mr. John Craig and Mary Young Craig, 24 East 8th St., N. Y.
CRAIG, HARRY WORTHINGTON, S. S. U. 12; Cleveland, O.; St. John's Military Academy, Delafield, Wisc., Cleveland East High School, and University of Wisconsin, Class of 1919; killed in combat August 20, 1918; First Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation; French Escadrille 129; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Norman Craig, 2757 Euclid Heights, Cleveland, O.; Mr. Craig's business address, The Manufacturers Sales Co., 7016 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.
CULBERTSON, TINGLE WOODS, S. S. U. 1; Sewickley, Pa.; Hill School, Pottstown, Pa.; Princeton University, Class of 1911; Allegheny Country Club, Edgeworth Club; Episcopal; employed National Tube Co., Pittsburgh, Pa.; killed in action October 4, 1918, near Bois des Orgons, north of Nantillois, Argonne; First Lieutenant, U. S. Infantry, attached 318th Regiment---80th Division; Mother, Mrs. John D. Culbertson, Sr., Academy Ave., Sewickley, Pa.
CUMINGS, HENRY HARRISON, 3d, T. M. U. 526; Philadelphia, Pa.; Buffalo High School, University of Pennsylvania, Temple University; Presbyterian; died at sea on torpedoed "Antilles", October 17, 1917, body not recovered; Father, Mr. Henry H. Cumings, Manufacturers Club, Philadelphia, Pa.; Mother, Mrs. Bertha Cumings, 730 East 60th St., North, Portland Oregon.
DAVISON, ALDEN, S. S. U. 8; New York City, Phillips Academy, Andover, Yale University, Class of 1919; killed December 26, 1917, in aeroplane accident; Cadet, 27th Aero Squadron, Camp Hicks, Texas; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. Davison, home address, 15 E. 40th St., N. Y. City; business address, 59th St. & Park Ave., N. Y. City. (Architecture, Decorations, furnishings, colorist interiors.)
DIX, ROGER SHERMAN, JR., S. S. U. 1; Greenbush, Mass.; Country Day School, Harvard University, Class of 1918; killed in aeroplane accident, Le Crotoy, May 15, 1918; U. S. Aviation, Second Lieutenant, bombing observer; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. R. S. Dix, 32 Fairfield St., Boston, Mass.; Mr. Dix's business address, 620 Atlantic Ave., Boston, Mass.
DONAHUE, LEON HENTON, S. S. U. 66; Gloucester, Mass.; Gloucester High School, 1916; Business and Arkansas Law School, Little Rock, Arkansas; Congregational; died of pneumonia October 12, 1918, at Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-de-Dome; U. S. A. A. S.; Mother, Mrs. Maude Donahue, 625 N. Berendo St., Los Angeles, California.
DOWD, MEREDITH LOVELAND, S. S. U. 1; Orange, N. J.; Asheville School, N. C., Princeton University, Class of 1918; Elm Club; Presbyterian; killed in combat October 26, 1918, near Dannevoux, north of Verdun; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation, 147th Aero Squadron; Father and Mother, Colonel and Mrs. Herman Dowd, 76 Berkeley Ave., Orange, N. J.; business address, Vice-Pres. Equitable Trust Company of N. Y., 37 Wall St., N. Y.
DRESSER, GEORGE EATON, T. M. U. 526; Chicopee, Mass.; Phillips Academy, Andover, Class of 1917; killed by shell September 27, 1918, in action in Vauquois Woods, near Varennes, north of Sainte-Menehould; U. S. Tank Corps.
DRESSER, STEPHEN RAYMOND, S. S. U. 2; Brookline Mass.; Westbrook, Maine, Schools; died of wounds resulting from accident, March 19, 1919, in Paris; private U. S. A. A. S.; Father, Mr. Ernest L. Dresser, 97 Mason Terrace, Brookline, Mass.; business address, Haskell Silk Company, Westbrook, Maine.
DuBOUCHET, CHARLES VIVIAN, S. S. U. 2, and Vosges Det.; Paris, France; Paris schools; died, May 16, 1918, in Paris of wounds received in action near Crèvecur, Oise; Interpreter, U. S. Aviation---transferred to U. S. Infantry, 16th Regiment; Father, Dr. Charles DuBouchet, 5 rue du General Langlois, Paris.
EDWARDS, GEORGE LANE, JR.; T. M. U. 133-211; Kirkwood, Mo., Taft School, Watertown, Ct.; Yale University, Class of 1918; Beta Theta Pi, Taft Club, Yale Club, N. Y.; Presbyterian; died October 24, 1918 of wounds received night before between Lor and Neufchatel; First Lieutenant, U. S. Motor Transport Corps; Mother, Mrs. George Lane Edwards, 12 Usona Hotel, St. Louis, Mo.
ELLIOTT, WILLIAM ARMSTRONG, T. M. U. 133; Oxnard, Calif.; Oxnard schools, University of California, Class of 1918; Episcopal; died September 4, 1918, of typhoid fever following operation in U. S. Naval Hospital Beaucaillon; U. S. Naval Aviation; Father and Mother, Judge and Mrs. C. J. Elliott, 118 E. St. Oxnard, Calif.
ELLIS, CLAYTON CAREY, S. S. U. 29; Somerville, Mass.; Somerville schools, Massachusetts Normal Art School, Class of 1919; Gamma Eta Kappa; Church of the Advent: died of wounds received in action at Reims, August 7, 1918; U. S. A. A. S.; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Ellis, 17 Walter St., Somerville, Mass.
EMERSON, WILLIAM KEY BOND, JR., S. S. U. 13, and 3; New York City; Middlesex School, Concord, Mass.; Harvard University, Class of 1916; D. K. E., Spee, Pudding, Stylus, Signet; Episcopal; killed May 14, 1918, near Toul; Second Lieutenant U. S. Field Artillery; attached 12th Aero Squadron ; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. William Key Bond Emerson, 563 Park Ave., New York City.
FALES, HUGO WING, T. M. U. 397; Belding, Michigan; Belding High School, Ferris Institute; Saladin Temple A. S. O. N. M. S., Grand Rapids, Mich.; Dwitt Clinton Consistory A. S. S. R., Valley of Grand Rapids, Mich. 32, Belding Lodge No. 355, F. & A. M.; 6 years with Belding Bros. & Co., silk manufacturers; killed by accidental explosion of shell, Bourges, May 2, 1919; Second Lieutenant, M. T. C.; commemorated by Legion Post, Belding, Mich.; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer E. Fales, Belding, Michigan; business address, Automobile Livery & Transfer, Belding, Mich.
FERGUSON, DANFORTH BROOKS, S. S. U. 2; New York City; Harstrom's Tutoring School, N. Y.; and Paris schools; died of pneumonia October 20, 1918; 153d Coast Artillery; Mother, Mrs. J. A. Ferguson, Box 71, Halesite, Suffolk Co., N. Y.
FISKE, CHARLES HENRY, 3d, S. S. U. 3; Boston, Mass.; Noble & Greenough, and Country Day School, Trinity College Cambridge, England, Harvard University, Class of 1919; died at Red Cross Hospital No. 3, Paris, August 24, 1918, of wounds received in action near Fismes, Marne, August 12th; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Infantry; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Fiske, 39 Bay State Rd., Boston, Mass.; Business address, Lawyer, 10 Post Office Square.
FORBUSH, FREDERIC MOORE, S. S. U. 8; Detroit, Mich.; Detroit schools, Interlaken School, Indiana; U. S. Tire Company; died of pneumonia, October 6, 1918, in Philadelphia Hospital; U. S. Naval Reserve; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Frank D. Forbush, 1121 Van Dyke Ave., Detroit, Mich.
FORMAN, HORACE BAKER, 3d, T. M. U. 526; Haverford, Pa.; Haverford School and College, Cornell University, Class of 1917; Rifle Club, Cornell Club, Royal Flying Club of Italy; Presbyterian; killed in accident, September 14, 1918, at Issoudun; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Forman, Jr., Haverford, Pa.
FOWLER, ERIC ANDERSON, S. S. U. 4; New York City; St, Bernard's School, N.Y., Hill School, Pottstown, Pa., Princeton University, Class of 1919; Episcopal; killed in aeroplane accident, Pau, November 26, 1917; Corporal, French Aviation; Mother, Mrs. Anderson Fowler, 535 Park Ave., New York City.
FREEBORN, CHARLES JAMES, S. S. U. 2 and Hdqrs.; Paris, France; San Francisco Schools. Westminster School, Sheffield Scientific School, Yale University, Class of 1899; Delta Phi, Episcopal; director, Freeborn Estate Corporation; died of influenza, February 13, 1919, in Paris; Captain U. S. Army, Intelligence Department, Liaison Officer, French G. H. Q.; Mother, Mrs. James Freeborn, 14 Ave. Pierre 1 de Serbie, Paris, France.
FRUTIGER, THEODORE RAYMOND, S. S. U. 12; Morris, Pa.; Morris High School, Mansfield State Normal School, Oberlin College, Class of 1919; Delphic; Episcopal; died Camp Colt, Gettysburg, Pa., of acute gastritis, April 19, 1918; Sergeant, 302d Heavy Tank Battalion; brother, Eugene Frutiger, Morris, Pa.; business address, Cashier The Farmers National Bank, Liberty, Pa.
GAILEY, JAMES WILSON, S. S. U. 66; New Park, Pa.; Fawn Township High School, Perkiomen Seminary Pa., Princeton University, Class of 1917; Key and Seal Club; Presbyterian; killed by shell July 29, 1917, Chemin des Dames; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph A. Gailey, New Park, Pa.
GILMORE, ALBERT FRANK, S. S. U. 16; Madison, Wisc.; Madison schools, University of Wisconsin, Class of 1919; Unitarian; died October 3, 1918 of pneumonia while training at 3d Aviation Instruction Center, Issoudun; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation; Mother, Mrs. Marion G. Gilmore, Winthrop, Maine.
GIROUX, ERNEST ARMAND, T. M. U. 526; Somerville, Mass.; Somerville High School, Dartmouth College, Class of 1919; Gamma Eta Kappa, Dartmouth Chapter, Phi Gamma Delta; killed in action May 22, 1918 near Laventie; First Lieutenant U. S. Aviation, attached 103d Aero Squadron (Lafayette Escadrille) ; Mother, Mrs. Arthur E. Haley, 90 Central St., Somerville, Mass.
GLORIEUX, GILBERT ROBERTSON, S. S. U. 9; Newark, N.J.; Newark Academy, Newark, N.J., Princeton University, Class of 1917; died of pneumonia while a candidate at Officers' Training School, Camp Taylor, Kentucky, on October 13, 1918; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. William L. Glorieux, 755 Clinton Ave., Newark, N. J.
GOODWIN, GEORGE WAITE, S. S. U. 69; Albany, N. Y.; Phillips Academy, Andover, Yale University, Class of 1916; Harvard Law School, Class of 1919; Alpha Delta Tau, Andover; Presbyterian; killed in aeroplane accident, Chateauroux, July 15, 1918; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation; Father, Mr. Scott D. M. Goodwin, 333 State St., Albany, N. Y.
GRAHAM, JOHN RALSTON, S. S. U. 2; Philadelphia, Pa., Episcopal Academy, Philadelphia, Pa., University of Pennsylvania, Class of 1914; Episcopal; killed in action July 18, 1918 between Cutry and St. Pierre-Aigle, south of Soissons; First Lieutenant 18th Infantry; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. John T. Graham, 1812 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, Pa.
HAGAN, WILLIAM BECKER, S. S. U. 12; Brookline, Mass.; Huntington and Stone schools, Brookline, Phillips Academy, Andover, Class of 1917; Catholic; died May 11, 1918, at Toronto, Canada, of pneumonia; cadet Royal Air Force; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Hagan, 152 Aspinwall Ave., Brookline, Mass.
HALL, RICHARD NELVILLE, S. S. U. 3; Ann Arbor, Mich.; Ann Arbor Schools, University of Michigan, Dartmouth College, Class of 1915; Alpha Delta Phi at Michigan and Dartmouth; Episcopal; commemorated by ambulances given by Dr. and Mrs. Louis P. Hall, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Miss Mary L. Willard, 13 E. 77th St., N. Y., and by ambulance given by subscriptions through Dr. Owen Kenan, Kenansville, N. C., and by name of Legion Post at Ann Arbor, Mich.; killed by shell near Hartmannsweilerkopf, Alsace; Father and Mother, Dr. and Mrs. Louis P. Hall, 1530 Hill St., Ann Arbor, Michigan.
HAMILTON, PERLEY RAYMOND, S. S. U. 66; Clinton, Mass.; Clinton High School, Fenway School of Art, Boston, New York Military Academy; Congregational; Reportorial work, Clinton "Times": Clinton Lodge No. 1306 B. P. O. Elks; first Elk of U. S. to lose his life in the War as a member of an American Unit; killed by shell July 29, 1917 at Village Nègre, Chemin des Dames, near Craonne; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. John Hamilton, 33 East St., Clinton, Mass.
HANNAH, FRED A., S. S. U. 17; Scranton, Pa., Scranton schools, Mercersburg Academy, Class of 1907; Presbyterian; in business with Unity Coal & Coke Co., Berwinsdale; entered Real Estate business, 1913; killed by aeroplane bomb at Deuxmouds-aux-Bois; U. S. A. A. S. with French Army; Mother, Mrs. Elizabeth J. Hannah, 446 Madison Ave., Scranton, Pa.
HARRISON, WALLER LISLE, JR., S. S. U. 12 and 3; Lebanon, Ky.; Lebanon High School, Louisville Training School, Oberlin College, Class of 1919; Presbyterian; killed in aeroplane accident, October 3, 1918, while training, 3d Aviation Instruction Center, Issoudun; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Waller L. Harrison, Lebanon, Kentucky.
HATHAWAY, EDWARD TRAFTON, S. S. U. 17; Oklahoma City, Okla.; Denison and Oklahoma City Schools, New Mexico and Virginia Military Institutes; Kappa Alpha at Va. Military Institute, University Club of Houston, Texas; Episcopal; in business with Southwestern Electric Co., and Texas Co. of Houston, Texas; killed in aeroplane accident June 25, 1918; First Lieutenant U. S. Aviation, attached 90th Aero Squadron; Mother, Mrs. L. B. Hathaway, 1-3 W. Grand Ave., Oklahoma City, Okla.
HILL, STANLEY, S. S. U. 28; Lexington, Mass.; Lexington Schools, Dartmouth College, Class of 1918; commemorated by name of Legion Post No. 38, Lexington, Mass.; died August 14, 1918, at La Veuve Hospital near Châlons-sur-Marne; U. S. A. A. S.; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Willard C. Hill, Lexington, Mass.; business address, Elmer A. Lord & Co., (Insurance), 145 Milk St., Boston, Mass.
HOBBS, WARREN TUCKER, T. M. U. 526; Worcester, Mass.; Worcester Classical High School, Worcester Academy, Dartmouth College, Class of 1919; Delta Kappa Epsilon, Dartmouth; Congregational; killed by anti-aircraft fire over the lines near Ypres on June 26, 1918; U. S. Aviation, attached 103d Pursuit Squadron; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Wilber W. Hobbs, 467 Pleasant St., Worcester, Mass.
HOLBROOK, NEWBERRY, S. S. U. 32; New York City; Morris High School, Columbia University, Class of 1911; Delta Tau Delta, Glee Club, Kings Crown, Columbia University Club, City Club of N. Y.; Arthursburg Grange, N. Y.; Unitarian; in business with Charles H. Phillips Chemical Co.; died February 16, 1918, of typhoid fever, Essey-les-Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle; Sergeant U. S. A. A. S.; Mother, Mrs. Francis N. Holbrook, 824 St. Nicholas Ave., N. Y. City.
HOLLISTER, GEORGE MERRICK, S. S. U. 3; Grand Rapids, Mich.; Middlesex School, Concord, Harvard University, Class of 1918; Episcopal; killed in action in the Bois-de-Forêt, near Cunel, France, October 12, 1918; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Infantry; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Clay H. Hollister, 521 E. Fulton St., Grand Rapids, Michigan; business address, Old National Bank, Grand Rapids, Mich.
HOPKINS, CHARLES ALEXANDER, T. M. U. 526 and 184; Newark, N. J.; Barringer High School, Newark, Dartmouth College, Class of 1920; Kappa, Kappa, Kappa, Dartmouth; Presbyterian; commemorated by the name of Hopkins Place, Newark, N. J.; killed in aeroplane collision at 3d Aviation Instruction Centre Issoudun, January 30, 1918; U. S. Aviation, (commission received after death) ; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. John M. Hopkins, 157 Third St., Newark, N. J.
HOPKINS, FRANK, JR., S. S. U. 65; Syracuse, N. Y.; Syracuse Central High School, Syracuse University, Class of 1910; Catholic; practiced law; died of heart disease June 5, 1919, at General Hospital No. 5, Fort Ontario, N. Y.; U. S. A. A. S.; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Hopkins, 601 Montgomery St., Syracuse, N. Y.
HOUSTON HENRY HOWARD, 2d, S. S. U. 12, T. M. U. 133; Philadelphia, Pa.; Chestnut Hill Academy, University of Pennsylvania, Class of 1916; commemorated by name of Legion Post No. 3, Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa.; killed by shell, August 18, 1918, near Arcis-Le-Ponsart, Marne; Second Lieutenant Aide, Commanding General's Staff, 53d Artillery Brigade; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel F, Houston, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, Pa.; business address, 509 Real Estate Trust Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa.
HUMASON, HOWARD CROSBY, T. M. U. 184; New Britain, Conn.; New Britain High School, Tome School, Port Deposit, Md., Class of 1911; Pythian Society at Tome, Men's Club of New Britain; Episcopal; in business with Landers, Frary, and Clark Co., New Britain, Ct.; died in hospital, Dallas, Texas, October 21, 1918, of pneumonia; U. S. Aviation, Camp Dick, Texas; Mother, Mrs. H. B. HUMASON, 201 Vine St., New Britain, Conn.
ILLICH, JERRY THOMAS, S. S. U. 3; San Diego, Calif.; Belmont School, Calif.; University of California, Class of 1913; killed in accident April 7, 1919, at Toul; 278th Aero Squadron, First Lieutenant; sister, Mrs. T. E. Barker, 3353 Albatross St., San Diego, Calif.
JOPLING, RICHARD MATHER, S. S. U. 66; Marquette, Mich; Fay and St. Mark's Schools, Southboro, Mass.; Harvard University, Class of 1916; Mason, 3d Degree, Marquette Club, Marquette, Mich.; Stylus, Signet, D. K. E., Hasty Pudding, N. Y. Harvard Club; Episcopal; died March 16, 1919, in London from shell-shock and strain; U. S. A. A. S.; commemorated by Legion Post, Marquette, Michigan; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. James E. Jopling, 321 Cedar St., Marquette, Mich.; Mr. Jopling, Chief Engineer, The Cleveland Cliffs Iron Company, Ishpeming, Michigan.
KELLEY, EDWARD JOSEPH, S. S. U. 4; Philadelphia, Pa.; Philadelphia High School, Rock Hill College, Ellicott City, Md.; University of Pennsylvania, Class of 1911; Catholic; automobile business; Philadelphia; killed by shell at Marre, near Verdun, night of September 23, 1916; commemorated by ambulance given anonymously; sister, Mrs. Paul M. Phillips, Sunderland House, Philadelphia, Pa. (N. E. Cor. 35th and Powelton Ave.)
KENDALL, CHARLES BENJAMIN, S. S. U. 70 and 16; Cambridge, Mass.; Cambridge High and Latin Schools, Huntington School; Universalist; Salesman; died of bronchial-pneumonia, February 15, 1919, at American Hospital; 104th U. S. Infantry; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. John B. Kendall, 17-A Arlington St., Cambridge, Mass.
KENT, WARREN THOMPSON, T. M. U. 251 and 526; Clifton Heights, Pa.; William Penn Charter School, Philadelphia, Pa., Cornell University, Class of 1914; Pi Kappa Alpha at Cornell; Philadelphia New Church; killed September 7, 1918, near Thiaucourt; First Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation, attached 49th Squadron, 2d Pursuit Group; Mother, Mrs. Henry T. Kent, Clifton Heights, Pa.
KIMBER ARTHUR CLIFFORD, S. S. U. 14; Palo Alto, Calif.; Palo Alto High School, Leland Stanford University, Class of 1917; Episcopal; killed in combat over Bantheville near Romagne-sous-Montfaucon, September 26, 1918; First Lieutenant U. S. Aviation, attached 22d Aero Squadron, 2d Pursuit Group; Mother, Mrs. Clara E. Kimber, 666 Tennyson Ave., Palo Alto, Calif.
KING, GERALD COLMAN, S. S. U. 8; New York City; St. Mark's School Southboro, Mass; Pomfret School, Conn.; died in hospital, N. Y. City, September 27, 1917; Mother, Mrs. A. F. King, 981 Madison Ave., N. Y.
KURTZ, PAUL BORDA, S. S. U. 1 and 18; Germantown, Pa.; Delancey School, Philadelphia, Harvard University, Class of 1916; Theta Kappa Psi, Owl, D. K. E., Hasty Pudding, Germantown Cricket Club, Philadelphia, Pa.; Episcopal; killed returning from first patrol between Pont-à-Mousson and St. Mihiel near Toul, May 22, 1918; First Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation, attached 94th Aero Squadron; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. William B. Kurtz, Manheim St., Germantown, Pa.; Mr. Kurtz, banker, Morris Bldg., 1421 Chestnut St., Philadelphia Pa.
LEACH, ERNEST HUNNEWELL, S. S. U. 18; Edgartown, Mass.; Reading, Mass., Public Schools; Congregational; killed January 21, 1918 at the 3d Aero Instruction Centre, Issoudun in aeroplane accident; U. S. Aviation; Father and Mother, Rev. and Mrs. A. Judson Leach, Edgartown, Mass.
LEE, SCHUYLER, T. M. U. 526; New London, Conn.; German-English Academy, Milwaukee, Wisc., Latin School, Chicago, Haverford School, Pa., and Phillips Academy, Andover, Class of 1918; Congregational; killed April 12, 1918, east of Montdidier, Somme; French Aviation, Spad Escadrille 96; Father and Mother, Rev. and Mrs. J. Beveridge Lee, 27 Broad St., New London, Conn.
LEWIS, STEVENSON PAUL, S. S. U. 17; Cleveland, Ohio; Sharon, Pa., and Cleveland, O., schools, one year Michigan Agricultural College, and University of Wisconsin, Class of 1917; Alpha Delta Phi (Uni. of Wisc.), Hesperian Club of Michigan Agricultural; Presbyterian; killed in action by shell, October 31, 1918, in Bois de Bantheville; First Lieutenant 124th Field Artillery, U. S. Army; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Norman S. Lewis, 18301 S. Woodland Rd., Cleveland, Ohio.
LINDSLEY, PAUL WARREN, T. M. U. 184; Marietta, Ohio; Marietta High School, Mercersburg Academy, Pa.; D. U. (Marietta) ; Episcopal; banking business, Marietta; killed in aeroplane accident at Issoudun, October 5, 1918; U. S. Aviation (Commission after death) ; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Lindsley, 1006 Third St., Marietta, Ohio; business address, Alden-Lindsley Co., 128 Putnam St., Marietta, O.
LINES, HOWARD BURCHARD, S. S. U. 1 and 8; Paris, France; Anglo-Saxon School, Paris, University of Paris, Sorbonne, 1908, Dartmouth College, Class of 1912, Harvard Law School, 1915; D. K. E., Lincoln's Inn, Harvard Club; Collegiate-Dutch Church of St. Nicholas, N. Y.; died at the front of pneumonia, December 23, 1916; commemorated by ambulance given by Dr. and Mrs. Louis P. Hall, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Father and Mother, Dr. and Mrs. Ernest Howard Lines, Hotel San Remo, Central Park West 74th-75th St., N. Y. City; business address, 346 Broadway, N. Y.
MACKENZIE, GORDON KENNETH, S. S. U. 10 and 2; Concord, Mass.; Concord schools; Lafayette Lodge, A. F. & A. M.; employed by Hood Rubber Company and Stanley Automobile Company; died in Beauvais, June 14, 1918, of wounds received in action near Montdidier, June 12th; U. S. A. A. S.; sister, Mrs. H. A. Bass, Concord Junction, Mass.
MACMONAGLE, DOUGLAS, S. S. U. 3 and 8; Paris, France; Hackley School, Tarrytown, N. Y., Berkeley, California, Switzerland and Germany, and University of California, 1 1/2 years, Class 1917; killed in combat September 24, 1917 near Verdun; French Aviation, Escadrille No. 124 (Lafayette) ; Mother, Mrs. Minnie C. MacMonagle, 1 bis Av. Du Bois de Boulogne, Paris, France.
McCONNELL, JAMES ROGERS, S. S. U. 2; Carthage, N. C.; Morristown School, N. J.; Haverford School, Pa., University of Virginia, Class of 1910; Beta Theta Pi, Theta Nu Epsilon, Owl, German Club, King of the Hot Feet, Aero Club; Industrial Agent, Randolph and Cumberland R. R., N. C.; killed in combat over the German lines, March 19, 1917, near Petit-Détroit, southeast of Ham; French Aviation, Sergeant Lafayette Escadrille, No. 124; Father, Judge Samuel P. McConnell, Carthage, N. C.; President, Randolph & Cumberland Railway Company, Carthage, N. C.
MEACHAM, ROBERT DOUGLAS, S. S. U. 16; Cincinnati, Ohio; Asheville School, N. C., Hobart College one year, one year Sheffield Scientific School, Yale, Class of 1907; Sigma Phi, Hobart; Brezelius Society, Yale; Presbyterian; Traffic Manager Rogers, Brown and Co., Cincinnati, O. ; died of appendicitis, December 14, 1917 at Louisville, Kentucky; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. D. B. Meacham, 2928 Wold Ave., Cincinnati, O.; business address, Rogers, Brown,& Co., Pig Iron and Coke, 433 Vine St., Cincinnati O.
MILLER, WALTER BERNARD, Vos. Det.; New York City, N. Y. schools; International Mercantile Marine Lines, cadet officer, S. S. Siberia and Philadelphia; killed in aerial combat, August 3, 1918, north of Chateau Thierry; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation; brother, Arthur E. Miller, N. Y.
MYERS, ARTHUR, S. S. U. 15; New York City; Cornwall Heights, and Brooklyn Polytechnic Preparatory Schools; Chubb & Sons, Marine Insurance; Insurance Broker with Myers & Eadie; died at home, in New York City, October 4, 1917, shell shock; Father, Mr. Charles Myers, 969 Park Ave., N. Y. City.
NEWLIN, JOHN VERPLANCK, S. S. U. 29; Whitford, Pa.; Haverford School, Pa.; Princeton University, Class of 1919; Quadrangle Club, Princeton; Episcopal; died of wounds, night of August 5, 1917; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Richard M. Newlin, Whitford, Pa.
NICHOLS, ALAN HAMMOND, S. S. U. 14; Palo Alto, Calif.; Monrovia and Pasadena High Schools, Leland Stanford University, Class of 1919; died of wounds, June 2, 1918, hospital, Compiègne; Sergeant, French Aviation attached Spad Escadrille 85; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Nichols, 1345 Webster St., Palo Alto, Calif.; Mr. Nichols, Principal Palo Alto Public Schools.
NORTON, GEORGE FREDERICK, S. S. U. 1; Goshen, N.Y.; Lawrenceville School, Class of 1894, Staten Island Academy; "Cally Soc" (Lawrenceville) ; partner in firm of Ex Norton and Co., stockbrokers, N. Y. City; killed at Ludes by aeroplane bomb, July 12, 1917; brother, Ex Norton, 30 Madison Ave., Morristown, N. J.
OSBORN, PAUL GANNETT, S. S. U. 28; Montclair N. J.; Montclair High School, Dartmouth College, Class of 1917; D. K. E. Sphinx; Unitarian; died of wounds June 26, 1917, at Hôpital Farman; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Albert Osborn, 215 Midland Ave., Montclair, N. J.
PALMER, HENRY BREWSTER, S. S. U. 3; New York City; St. George 's School, Newport, R. I., Harvard University, Class of 1910; Polo, Institute, Hasty Pudding, Harvard Club of N. Y.; Westchester Country Club; Sons of Pilgrims, Sons of the American Revolution, Sons of the Colonial Ward, Mayflower Descendants; Episcopal; died of pneumonia, November 12, 1917, at Pau; Father, Mr. Charles H. Palmer, Minnesota; Mother, Mrs. Mary A. Palmer, 324 West 103d St. N. Y. City.
PORTER, ALBERT AUGUSTUS; Niagara Falls, N. Y.; Ridley College, St. Catherine's, Ontario, Cornell University, Class of 1919; Kappa Alpha, Cornell; Episcopal; died of pneumonia in Paris at Hospital , N Buffon, April 25, 1917; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Alexander J. Porter, Niagara Falls, N. Y.
POTTER, WILLIAM CLARKSON, S. S. U. 1; Paris, France; Wixenford Preparatory and Harrow Schools, England, Princeton University, Class of 1919; Catholic; killed in action over lines, October 10, 1918; First Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation, 20th Day Bombing Squadron; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Clarkson Potter, 15 Avenue du President Wilson, Paris, France.
RHINELANDER, PHILIP NEWBOLD, S. S. U. 9 and 10; New York City; St. George's School, Newport, R. I., Thacher School, Calif., Harvard University, Class of 1918; killed in combat September 26, 1918, over German lines, near Longuyon, northeast of Verdun; First Lieutenant U. S. Aviation, 20th Day Bombing Squad; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas N. Rhinelander, 114 East 84th St., New York City.
ROBERTSON, MALCOLM TROOP, S. S. U. 1; Brooklyn, N. Y.; Prospect Heights and Polytechnic Preparatory Schools, Princeton University, Class of 1915; Presbyterian; killed in action at the Ourcq River, July 30, 1918, near Villeneuve-sur-Fère; 165th U. S. Infantry; Father and Mother, Dr. and Mrs. Victor A. Robertson, 51 Eighth Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.
ROGERS, RANDOLPH, S. S. U. 8; Grand Rapids, Michigan; Grand Rapids High School, Class of 1916; University of Michigan 1 year; Delta Kappa Epsilon; Episcopal; killed in action by shell, July 15, 1918, near St. Eugene, east of Château-Thierry; Sergeant, U. S. Infantry, 38th Regiment, K Company; Father and Mother, Dr. and Mrs. John R. Rogers, 21 Terrace Ave., S. E., Grand Rapids Michigan; business address, 625 Metz Bldg., Grand Rapids, Mich.
ROOT, GEORGE WELLES, T. M. U. 526; Hartford, Conn.; Hartford High School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Class of 1919; Lambda Phi Society; Episcopal; died of diphtheria and pneumonia, December 25, 1918, at American Base Hospital, Salisbury Court, England; Sergeant, U. S. Tank Corps; Aunt, Mrs. W. W. Wilcox, c-o Wilcox, Crittenden and Company, Hartford, Ct.
SAMBROOK, WALTER LAIDLAW, T. M. U. 397; Watervliet schools, Syracuse University, 2 1/2 years, Class of 1917; Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Troy Club; Presbyterian; florist business with father; died September 5, 1918, in Paris of pneumonia; U. S. Quartermaster, 302d Motor Transport Company, Staff car driver for General Wood; Father and Mother, Mr, and Mrs. George T. Sambrook, 728 Fifth Ave., Watervliet, N. Y.
SARGEANT GRANDVILLE LE MOYNE, S. S. U. 16; Coraopolis, Pa.; Pittsburgh High School, Mercersburg Academy, Washington and Jefferson College, Class of 1919; Phi Delta Theta, Coraopolis Lodge No. 674, F. and A. M.; Presbyterian; died of pneumonia, April 16, 1918 in Pittsburgh, Pa.; U. S. Aviation; Father, Mr. W. A. Sargeant, 620 George St., Coraopolis, Pa., General Manager, Consolidated Lamp & Glass Co., Coraopolis, Pa.
SAYRE, HAROLD HOLDEN, S. S. U. 10; Hollywood, Calif.; West Canada College, Calgary, Harvard Military School, Los Angeles, Calif., Hollywood High School, Leland Stanford University, Class of 1919; A. T. O.; Episcopal; killed within German lines, September 14, 1918 at Rezonville, west of Metz; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation, 11th Aero Squadron, lst Day Bombing Squad; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. A. Judson Sayre, Hollywood, Calif.
SORTWELL, EDWARD CARTER, S. S. U. 8 and 3; Cambridge, Mass.; St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H.; Harvard University, 3 years, Class of 1911 Episcopal; in business with Ludlow Mfg. Associates; died November 12, 1916, of injuries received in accident, Salonica, November 11, 1916; commemorated by ambulance given by mother; Mother, Mrs. Alvin F. Sortwell, 61 Highland St., Cambridge, Mass.
STEWART, GORDON, S. S. U. 18; Brookline, Mass.; Brookline High School, Chauncy Hall School, Boston, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Class of 1920; Sigma Alpha Epsilon; Congregational; died January 9, 1918, of spinal meningitis; U. S. Aviation; Mother, Mrs. Edward J. Stewart, 54 University Rd., Brookline, Mass.
SUCKLEY, HENRY EGLINTON MONTGOMERY, S. S. U. 3, and 10; Rhinebeck, N. Y.; Phillips Academy, Exeter, Harvard University, Class of 1910; Harvard Club, Racquet and Tennis Club; commemorated by ambulance given by Major Higginson (deceased), Mrs. H. Morton, Paris, Mrs. Henry P. King, Boston, Mass., Mr. William C. Bray, 87 Lincoln St., Boston, Mass.; wounded by avion bombs, March 18, 1917 at Zemlak, died March 19, 1917, at Koritza, Albania; Mother, Mrs. R. B. Suckley, Rhinebeck, N. Y.
TABER, ARTHUR RICHMOND, S. S. U. 4; Princeton, N. J.; Lake Forest, Ill., schools, Cloyne House School, Newport, R. I., Groton School, Mass., Sanford school, Redding Ridge, Conn., Lake Placid School, N. Y., Princeton University, Class of 1917; Ivy Club; Episcopal; killed in aeroplane accident February 11, 1919, at Orly; First Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Sydney R. Taber, Symington House, Princeton, N. J.
TABLER, KRAMER CORE, T. M. U. 184; Parkersburg, W. Va.; Parkersburg High School, Marietta College, Ohio, Class of 1920; D. U.; Episcopal; killed in aeroplane accident May 16, 1919, Colombey-les-Belles; First Lieutenant U. S. Aviation; Father and Mother, Prof. and Mrs. D. C. Tabler, 1114 24th St., Parkersburg, W. Va.
TAYLOR, WILLIAM HENRY, JR., T. M. U. 526; New York City; Phillips Academy, Andover, Class of 1918; killed September 18, 1918, near Lake Lachausée, north of Thiaucourt; First Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation, 95th Aero Squadron; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. William H. Taylor, Hotel Ansonia, N. Y.; business address, Suite 2725, Whitehall Bldg., New York City, N. Y.
TINKHAM, EDWARD ILSLEY, S. S. U. 3 and 4, and T. M. U. 526; Montclair, N. J.; Montclair Academy, Cornell University, Class of 1916; Seal and Serpent, Helios; commemorated by name of Legion Post No. 598 of New York City; died March 30, 1919, of meningitis and pneumonia at Ravenna, Italy; Flight Ensign, U. S. Naval Aviation; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Julian R. Tinkham, 509 Park St., Upper Montclair, N. J.
TUTEIN, CHESTER ROBINSON, T. M. U. 526; Winchester, Mass.; Winchester High School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; killed in aeroplane accident November 17, 1918; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation, attached 185th Aero Squadron ; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. E. Arthur Tutein, 33 Lloyd St., Winchester, Mass.
TYSON, STUART MITCHELL STEPHEN, S. S. U. 1; Princeton, N. J.; Oxford, England, and Haverford School, Pa., Episcopal; Midvale Steel Co., 1915; killed in action July 19, 1918, near Dormans; French Aviation attached Spad Escadrille 85; Father and Mother, Rev. and Mrs. Stuart L. Tyson, Princeton, N. J.
WALLACE, WILLIAM NOBLE, S. S. U. 1; Indianapolis, Indiana; Hill School, Pa.; Yale University, Class of 1917; D. K. E. and Elihu Club; killed by shell October 9, 1918, in action near St. Etienne, Champagne; First Lieutenant and provisional Captain, U. S. Marine Corps, attached 83d Company, 6th Regiment; Father, Mr. Henry L. Wallace, Crawfordsville, Indiana.
WARD, GALBRAITH, Vos. Det.; New York City; Allen School, N. Y.; St. George's School, Newport, R. I., Princeton University, Class of 1915; Cottage Club, Princeton, University Club, N. Y., Sons of Revolution, N. Y.; Episcopal; died of pneumonia, December 17, 1918 at Château Vilain ; Sergeant U. S. Infantry, 306th Regiment, 77th Division; Father, Judge Henry Galbraith Ward, 1018 Madison Ave., N.Y. City, judge, U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals, N. Y. City.
WARE, EDWARD NEWELL, JR., S. S. U. 13; Chicago, Ill.; Lake View High School, Chicago, Northwestern University, Class of 1919; Beta Theta Pi; Presbyterian ; died of smallpox at Bucharest, Roumania, May 7, 1919; U. S. A. A. S., Hoover Food Commission; Father and Mother, Rev. and Mrs. Edward N. Ware, 1430 Howard Ave., Chicago, Ill.
WARNER, GOODWIN, T. M. U. 184 and 133; Cambridge, Mass.; Thacher School, California, Noble and Greenough School, Boston, Harvard University, Class of 1909; Institute of 1770, Hasty Pudding, Harvard Club of Boston; Unitarian; died of pneumonia, June 29, 1918, American Camp Hospital, No. 4, at Joinville-le-Pont, Seine; Second Lieutenant Q. M. C.; Father, Mr. William P. Warner, Union Club, Boston. Mass.
WATKINS, OSRIC MILLS, Am. Hdqrs.; Indianapolis, Indiana; Shortridge High School, Wabash College, 1 year, Harvard University, Class of 1919; Beta Theta Pi, Pi Eta, D. K. E., Marion Club, Indianapolis; Episcopal; died October 23, 1918, of pneumonia on way to the Front, at Bar-le-Duc; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation; Father and Mother Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Leon Watkins, 2415 N. Penn St., Indianapolis, Ind., Mr. Watkins, representative of Ginn and Co., Indianapolis, Ind.
WESTCOTT, JOHN HOWELL, JR., S. S. U. 9; Princeton, N. J.; Hoosac School, N. Y.; Hill School, Pottstown, Pa., Princeton University, Class of 1918; Charter Club; Episcopal; killed by machine gun fire, September 29, 1918, in action near Bony, south of Le Catelet; 107th Infantry, 27th Division, served with British 4th Army; Father and Mother, Prof. and Mrs. John Howell Westcott, Princeton, N. J.
WHYTE WILLIAM JEWELL, T. M. U. 526; Chicago, Illinois; Danville High School, University of Chicago, Class of 1919; Delta Tau Delta; killed in aeroplane accident, March 20, 1918, near Bordeaux; French Aviation; Guardian, W. R. Jewell, Jr., Lawyer, Rm. 208-209 Daniel Bldg., Danville, Ill.
WINSOR, PHILIP, S. S. U. 4; Weston, Mass.; Middlesex School, Concord, Mass., Harvard University, Class of 1915; died in Bussang, October 24, 1918, of pneumonia; U. S. A. A. S.; Father and Mother, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Winsor, Weston, Mass. ; business address, Kidder, Peabody Co., 115 Devonshire St., Boston, Mass.
WOODWARD, HENRY HOWARD HOUSTON, S. S. U. 13; Philadelphia, Pa., Taft School, Conn., Sheffield Scientific School, Yale University, Class of 1920; killed in action, April 1, 1918, near Montdidier; Caporal Pilote French Aviation, Spad Escadrille 94; Father and Mother, Dr. and Mrs. George Woodward, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, Pa.
WOODWORTH, BENJAMIN RUSSELL, S. S. U. 1; Germantown, Pa., Milton Academy, Milton, Mass.; Traffic Department, Pennsylvania Railroad, 1905-1912; killed in aeroplane accident near Soissons, June 15, 1917; Mother, Mrs. Ruth W. Woodworth, 801 Sutter St., San Francisco, Calif.
WRIGHT, JACK MORRIS, T. M. U. 526; New York City; l'Ecole Alsacienne, Paris, Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.; Class of 1917; killed January 24, 1918, in aeroplane accident at Issoudun; First Lieutenant, U. S. Aviation ; Stepfather, John S. Wise, Jr., Lawyer, 20 Broad St., New York City.
A PERMANENT endowment for a Fellowship requires $25,000, and the endowment of one hundred and twenty-seven Fellowships will require $3,175,000, the greater part of which must be obtained through the generosity of friends. The trustees of the old Field Service, who have obtained from the court authority to devote to this purpose the fund remaining in their hands (approximately 2,400,000 francs), have voted that toward the first twelve Fellowships raised in memory of Field Service men who died in the war, $12,500 shall be contributed from this Fund to each $12,500 raised by any individuals or committees.
It devolves upon every Field Service man to exercise his ingenuity, his energy, his "heart and soul and mind and strength" to help secure the funds which will make these projected memorials actual. In the foregoing list is the name of some comrade whom you knew well, with whom you used to work and play and eat and sleep. If you can think of some possible means of aiding in securing an endowment for a perpetual Fellowship to bear his name, and carry on the spirit, of his dreams, do what you can without waiting to be personally asked. It is only by such co-operation that the goal can be reached. If you want advice or information, send in your questions to the Field Service Headquarters at 50 State Street, Boston, which will be maintained for several months more, and Mr. Andrew or Mr. Galatti or Mr. Sleeper will try to answer them. Incidentally a small pamphlet about the Fellowships has just been printed and will be sent you on request. It shows how the organization has been perfected so as to insure the administration of these endowments in perpetuity.
RICHARD BLYNN VARNUM, a holder of one of the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities, died March 6, 1921, from consumption at the American Hospital in Paris, France. A Harvard man who received a war degree in 1920, VARNUM was studying international law at the University of Toulouse when he became ill with malarial fever, which he had first contracted in war service in the Balkans. Then, suffering from supposed bronchitis he was sent on December 5th to Biskra, in Algeria, where it was hoped the dry atmosphere would help him. But consumption developed rapidly and, although late in February he was able to be moved to Paris, the disease could not be checked. Plans were made to send him to Switzerland, but before they could be carried out, he died.
In February, 1917, Richard VARNUM joined the American Field Service and served with Section Three in Serbia and Albania until October, when he returned to France and enlisted in the United States Air Service. In April, 1918, he was commissioned First Lieutenant.
A second holder of a Field Service Fellowship met his death abroad when B. Hammond Tracy, Jr., S. S. U. Eight and Three, studying agriculture at the University of Paris, was drowned on May 5, 1921, in the Bay of St. Michel, France. At the same time and with him, one of the more widely known and popular figures of the Field Service, Henry Iselin, Cdt. Adjt., S. S. U. Two, Twelve and Four, also was drowned. Tracy had been visiting the Iselin family at Brion Manor, Genêts (Manche) France, for one of his vacations. The two men had gone for a long walk on the far stretching beaches where the tide comes in with great velocity. In some unexplained manner they were cut off from the mainland and with the onrush of the water were engulfed and drowned. The bodies of the two friends were recovered at last, "locked in each other's arms", victims probably of the tidal whirlpools among the rocks.
After his service with Sections Eight and Three Tracy had become a First Lieutenant in U. S. Aviation, and subsequently returned to Harvard College, graduating as of the class of 1920, and securing a fellowship for the University of Paris.
"Harry" Iselin, one of the youngest and most popular chefs the Field Service ever had, served with Sections Two, Twelve and Four, and then continued as a First Lieutenant under the U. S. A. A. S. His home, which was a haven to many lonely Field Service men, is at Brion Manor, Genêts, (Manche), France, where his family, although American citizens, has long resided.
The following article has been contributed by the President of the Class of 1915, Dartmouth College. Should it prove possible for any Field Service men who are to be in France this summer, to attend the dedication of the memorial tablet, information as to exact date may be obtained from Louis Hall, c/o J. J. Case Threshing Machine Co., 251-253 Faubourg St. Martin, Paris.
"Immediately after 'Dick' Hall's death in the Vosges, Christmas Day, 1915, his class at Dartmouth College subscribed to and completed a memorial to be placed on his grave. During the war, and even until the present, it has been impossible to ship the boulder to France with any assurance of safety.
Arrangements are now being made, however, to send the memorial this summer from Dartmouth to Paris, where Louis Hall, 'Dick's' brother, will attend to the further shipment across France. Dr. and Mrs. Hall will be present at the dedication which should take place in August.
The officers of the Class of 1915 Dartmouth College, have asked an official representative of the American Field Service to be present at the dedication. The Class, the College, the French nation, and the United States are also to be officially represented when the memorial is unveiled. Since Dick's was the first death in the Service, and also among Dartmouth men, the alumni of Dartmouth feel that there is an unusual significance to them and to all who knew and admired Dick, in the placing of this tablet, probably the first memorial completed, as it was in 1916, to any of the American War dead.
Upon a large boulder is placed a simply designed bronze tablet which reads:
RICHARD NELVILLE HALL May 18, 1894--- December 25, 1915
Graduate of Dartmouth College
United States of America
in the Class of 1915
Member of Section Three of the
American Ambulance Field Service
Killed by the explosion of a shell
while in the performance of his duty
AN AMERICAN WHO DIED FOR FRANCE
This granite stone, taken from the hills surrounding the College of his graduation and typifying the strength and simplicity of its spirit, is placed as a tribute of affection and honor by the members of his class."
|Agard, Walter R.||Amherst College, B.A.; Oxford University.||Classical Languages & Literature|
|Bailey, Percival||Chicago University, B.S., Ph.D; Northwestern University, M.D.||Medicine|
|Champlin, Walter B. (T.M.U.133)||University of California, B.S.; Ecole des Hautes Etudes Sociales||Economics|
|Costa, Joseph L.||Rutgers College, B.S.||Chemistry|
|Cowley, Malcolm (T.M.U.526)||Harvard University, B.A.||Romance Languages & Literature|
|Fagan, Harrison B.||Syracuse University, B.A., M.A.; University of Toulouse||Political Science|
|Flower, Harold R.||University of Michigan, B.A.; Western Theological Seminary, S.T.B.; University of Chicago, M.A.||Religion|
|Freeman, Stephen A.||Harvard University, B.A.||Romance Languages & Literature|
|Giddens, Philip H.||Georgia School of Technology, B.S.||Architecture|
|Gores, Walter J. (S.S.U.70)||Stanford University, B.A.||History of Art|
|Gross, Christian (S.S.U.65)||University of Illinois, B.S.||Agriculture|
|Harris Reginald G.||Brown University, Ph.B., M.A.||Biology|
|Hughes, Merritt Y.||Boston University, B.A., Edinburgh University, M.A.; Harvard University||English Language & Literature|
|Morrow, Glenn R.||Westminster College, B.A.; University of Missouri, M.A.; Cornell University.||Philosophy|
|Murray, Forrest H.||University of Illinois, B.A.; Harvard University, M.A.; University of Paris||Mathematics|
|Patton, Perry J. (T.M.U.133)||University of California, B.A.; University of Paris.||Political Science|
|Raber, Oran L.||University of Indiana, B.A.; Harvard University, M.A., Ph.D.||Botany|
|Rogers, Samuel G. A. (S.S.U.27)||Brown University, B.A.; Chicago University, M.A.||Romance Languages & Literature|
|Small, Alexander K.||Harvard University, B.A.||English Language & Literature|
|Smith, John M. (S.S.U.68)||Indiana University, B.A., M.A.||Romance Languages & Literature|
|Epstein, Henry||Harvard University, B.A.; Harvard Law School||Law|
|Hoye, Wilbur G.||Yale University, B.A.||Economics|
|Cutler, G. Ripley (S.S.U.18)||Yale University||Economics|
|Cadman, Paul F. (S.S.U.8 & T.M.U.133)||University of California||Economics|
|Fitchner, Charles C.||Harvard University||Political Science|
|Howard, Henry T. (T.M.U.133)||University of California||Architecture|
|Jesse, Bredelle||University of Missouri||Education|
|Lepaulle, Pierre G.||Comparative Law|
|McClumpha, Charles W.||Columbia||Law|
|Mackall, Colin C.||University of Virginia||Chemistry|
|Méras, Edmond A.||College of City of New York||Romance Philology|
|Powell, John R.||University of Michigan||Romance Philology|
|Sharp, Walter R.||Wabash College||History|
A pamphlet has been published explaining the purpose and plan of the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities, which will be gladly sent to any member of the Service or to anyone interested as a prospective donor or otherwise, upon application at the office, 50 State Street, Boston.
Any member of the Field Service who would care to add to his war library a copy of the "Diary of Section VIII" of the Field Service, may secure a copy by sending to the office of the Association, 50 State St., Boston, five cents in stamps to cover the cost of mailing.
In addition to several hundred copies of the above book, there is on hand at the Boston office a number of Camion posters which any member of the Service may have as a souvenir by sending five cents to cover cost of mailing.
To make the Bulletin a thing of personal interest please do your part by sending in all bits of news and gossip of which you hear to the Association Office, 50 State Street, Boston, Mass., and we will try to do the rest.
ROGER F. CLAPP, Chairman Bulletin Committee.
If you know the present address of any of these men, kindly notify the Boston Office, 50 State St.
|S.S.U. 1||Bowman, Robert||S.S.U. 33||Robb, Nathaniel T.|
|Carson, James LeRoy||S.S.U. 65||Hill, Ralph B.|
|Ryan, Dolph F.||Young, Walter L.|
|S.S.U. 2||Haviland, Willis B.||S.S.U. 66||Brumback, Theodore B.|
|Kenan, Owen||S.S.U. 69||Cohn, Ross A.|
|O'Neill, James A.||S.S.U. 72||Langfeld, Alfred|
|Smith, Thomas J.|
|S.S.U. 3||Curley, E. J.||S.S.U. 626||Henderson, Benjamin|
|S.S.U. 4||Sykes, Robert W.||T.M.U.133||Resor, William E.|
|Winne, Robert F.||T.M.U.184||Kloeber, Robert|
|S.S.U. 9||Nelson, Henry W. Also 26||McIntyre, Francis R.|
|S.S.U. 10||Honens, William H. Also 14||Shinn, Lyle B.|
|S.S.U. 14||Bennett, Bartholomew||T.M.U. 397||Barton, Frank E.|
|Johnson, Herbert||T.M.U.526||Caney, Robert D.|
|S.S.U. 16||Houghton, John R.||Roney, William L.|
|S.S.U. 18||Chapman, Harry V.||Talmage, Frank M.|
|Fraser, William S.||Young, John Spear|
|Slidell, William J.||Hdqrs.||Cress, Gerald E.|
|S.S.U. 19||MacPherson, Lynn A.||deWardener, Max|
|S.S.U. 32||Hoffman, Philip H.||Wilson. Thomas F.|